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Journal of Perinatal Medicine

Official Journal of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Dudenhausen, MD, FRCOG, Joachim W.

Editorial Board Member: / Bancalari, Eduardo / Greenough, Anne / Genc, Mehmet R. / Chervenak, Frank A. / Chappelle, Joseph / Bergmann, Renate L. / Bernardes, J.F. / Bevilacqua, G. / Blickstein, Isaac / Cabero Roura, Luis / Carbonell-Estrany, Xavier / Carrera, Jose M. / D`Addario, Vincenzo / D'Alton, MD, Mary E. / Dimitrou, G. / Grunebaum, Amos / Hentschel, Roland / Köpcke, W. / Kawabata, Ichiro / Keirse, Marc J.N.C. / Kurjak M.D., Asim / Lee, Ben H. / Levene, Malcolm / Lockwood, Charles J. / Marsal, Karel / Makatsariya, Alexander / Nishida, Hiroshi / Papp, Zoltán / Pejaver, Ranjan Kumar / Pooh, Ritsuko K. / Reiss, Irwin / Romero, Roberto / Saugstad, Ola D. / Schenker, Joseph G. / Sen, Cihat / Seri, Istvan / Vetter, Klaus / Winn, Hung N. / Young, Bruce K. / Zimmermann, Roland

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Volume 37, Issue 4 (Jul 2009)


Flowcytometric assessment of fetomaternal hemorrhage during external cephalic version at term

Christoph Scholz / Andrea Kachler / Christine Hermann / Tobias Weissenbacher / Bettina Toth
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Grosshadern, Munich, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Klaus Friese
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Grosshadern, Munich, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Franz Kainer
Published Online: 2009-03-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JPM.2009.063


External cephalic version (ECV) at term is a safe procedure and reduces the incidence of cesarean sections for breech presentation. One of the known complications, however, is an ECV-related disruption of the placental barrier and a subsequent transfusion of fetal blood into maternal circulation. While the incidence of ECV-related fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) has been determined recently in a large trial using a manual Kleihauer-Betke test (KBT), questions remain on the amount of ECV-related FMH. KBT, which detects fetal red blood cells (RBC) on the basis of acidic resistance of fetal hemoglobin (HbF), is known to be a sensitive test, yet prone to procedural errors limiting its accuracy in quantifying FMH. In this study we investigated 50 patients for FMH before and after ECV, using a dual-color flow cytometric test kit with a lower limit of quantification of 0.05% fetal RBC in maternal peripheral blood. Three patients had a quantifiable increase of fetal RBC detected after ECV (0.06%; 0.08%; 0.1%). None of these subtle increments was predictable by ECV-related clinical parameters or translated into fetal compromise. Using a sensitive and accurate flow cytometric test method, our data provide further assurance to mothers on the safety of ECV at term.

Keywords: Carbonic anhydrase; external cephalic version; F-cells; fetomaternal hemorrhage; flow cytometry

About the article

Corresponding author: Prof. Dr. Franz Kainer, MD Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Ludwig-Maximilians University Maistraße 11 80337 Munich Germany Tel.: +49-89-5160-4111 Fax: +49-89-5160-4516

Received: 2008-09-09

Revised: 2008-11-24

Accepted: 2008-11-27

Published Online: 2009-03-17

Published Online: 2009-03-17

Published in Print: 2009-07-01

Citation Information: Journal of Perinatal Medicine, ISSN (Online) 1619-3997, ISSN (Print) 0300-5577, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JPM.2009.063.

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