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Journal of Perinatal Medicine

Official Journal of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Dudenhausen, MD, FRCOG, Joachim W.

Editorial Board: / Bancalari, Eduardo / Greenough, Anne / Genc, Mehmet R. / Chervenak, Frank A. / Chappelle, Joseph / Bergmann, Renate L. / Bernardes, J.F. / Bevilacqua, G. / Blickstein, Isaac / Cabero Roura, Luis / Carbonell-Estrany, Xavier / Carrera, Jose M. / D`Addario, Vincenzo / D'Alton, MD, Mary E. / Dimitrou, G. / Grunebaum, Amos / Hentschel, Roland / Köpcke, W. / Kawabata, Ichiro / Keirse, Marc J.N.C. / Kurjak M.D., Asim / Lee, Ben H. / Levene, Malcolm / Lockwood, Charles J. / Marsal, Karel / Makatsariya, Alexander / Nishida, Hiroshi / Papp, Zoltán / Pejaver, Ranjan Kumar / Pooh, Ritsuko K. / Reiss, Irwin / Romero, Roberto / Saugstad, Ola D. / Schenker, Joseph G. / Sen, Cihat / Seri, Istvan / Vetter, Klaus / Winn, Hung N. / Young, Bruce K. / Zimmermann, Roland

9 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.577
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.705

CiteScore 2017: 1.26

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.594
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.684

Online
ISSN
1619-3997
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Volume 37, Issue 6

Issues

The infant incubator in the neonatal intensive care unit: unresolved issues and future developments

Roberto Antonucci
  • Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics and Clinical Medicine, University of Cagliari, Via Ospedale 119, 09124 Cagliari, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Annalisa Porcella / Vassilios Fanos
  • Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics and Clinical Medicine, University of Cagliari, Via Ospedale 119, 09124 Cagliari, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2009-07-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JPM.2009.109

Abstract

Since the 19th century, devices termed incubators were developed to maintain thermal stability in low birth weight (LBW) and sick newborns, thus improving their chances of survival. Remarkable progress has been made in the production of infant incubators, which are currently highly technological devices. However, they still need to be improved in many aspects. Regarding the temperature and humidity control, future incubators should minimize heat loss from the neonate and eddies around him/her. An unresolved issue is exposure to high noise levels in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Strategies aimed at modifying the behavior of NICU personnel, along with structural improvements in incubator design, are required to reduce noise exposure. Light environment should be taken into consideration in designing new models of incubators. In fact, ambient NICU illumination may cause visual pathway sequelae or possibly retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), while premature exposure to continuous lighting may adversely affect the rest-activity patterns of the newborn. Accordingly, both the use of incubator covers and circadian lighting in the NICU might attenuate these effects. The impact of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on infant health is still unclear. However, future incubators should be designed to minimize the EMF exposure of the newborn.

Keywords: Body temperature regulation; electromagnetic fields (EMFs); incubators, infant; infant, newborn; intensive care units, neonatal; light; noise

About the article

Corresponding author: Roberto Antonucci, MD Neonatal Intensive Care Unit University of Cagliari Via Ospedale 119 09124 Cagliari Italy Tel.: +39 070 6093438 Fax: +39 070 6093430


Received: 2008-07-02

Revised: 2009-03-25

Accepted: 2009-06-02

Published Online: 2009-07-10

Published Online: 2009-07-10

Published in Print: 2009-11-01


Citation Information: Journal of Perinatal Medicine, Volume 37, Issue 6, Pages 587–598, ISSN (Online) 1619-3997, ISSN (Print) 0300-5577, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/JPM.2009.109.

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