Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Official Journal of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine
Editor-in-Chief: Dudenhausen, MD, FRCOG, Joachim W.
Editorial Board: / Bancalari, Eduardo / Greenough, Anne / Genc, Mehmet R. / Chervenak, Frank A. / Chappelle, Joseph / Bergmann, Renate L. / Bernardes, J.F. / Bevilacqua, G. / Blickstein, Isaac / Cabero Roura, Luis / Carbonell-Estrany, Xavier / Carrera, Jose M. / D`Addario, Vincenzo / D'Alton, MD, Mary E. / Dimitrou, G. / Grunebaum, Amos / Hentschel, Roland / Köpcke, W. / Kawabata, Ichiro / Keirse, Marc J.N.C. / Kurjak M.D., Asim / Lee, Ben H. / Levene, Malcolm / Lockwood, Charles J. / Marsal, Karel / Makatsariya, Alexander / Nishida, Hiroshi / Papp, Zoltán / Pejaver, Ranjan Kumar / Pooh, Ritsuko K. / Reiss, Irwin / Romero, Roberto / Saugstad, Ola D. / Schenker, Joseph G. / Sen, Cihat / Seri, Istvan / Vetter, Klaus / Winn, Hung N. / Young, Bruce K. / Zimmermann, Roland
9 Issues per year
IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.577
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.705
CiteScore 2016: 1.49
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.602
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.832
Immediate clinical outcomes in preterm neonates receiving antenatal magnesium for neuroprotection
Background: Antenatal magnesium sulfate can potentially reduce the risk of cerebral palsy in neonates delivered between 24 and 32 weeks of gestational age. Some studies using high-dose magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection have reported increased perinatal mortality.
Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 475 neonates born between 24 and 32 weeks of gestational age. Serum magnesium level in the first 24 h of life was used to stratify the neonates treated with antenatal magnesium into four subgroups: A (<2.5 mEq/L), B (≥2.5 to <3.5 mEq/L), C (≥3.5 to <4.5 mEq/L), and D (≥4.5 mEq/L). Primary outcome of survival without intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and/or periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) along with secondary outcomes, such as Apgar scores, resuscitation, intubation, broncho-pulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), time to reach full feeds, length of stay (LOS), and mortality during immediate neonatal period were studied.
Results: Of the 475 neonates included in the study, 289 (61%) received antenatal magnesium sulfate. Primary outcome of survival without IVH and/or PVL among the preterm neonates was 70.9% in those receiving and 74.2% in those not receiving antenatal magnesium (P=0.25). There were higher incidences of ROP (P=0.02), PDA (P=0.01), greater time to reach full feeds (P=0.03), and increased LOS (P=0.01) in neonates who had received antenatal magnesium. These findings were not statistically significant when the data were corrected for gestational age and birth weight. Among the subgroups, there was a significantly increased mortality rate (P<0.05) with increasing magnesium levels (5% vs. 16.9%, P<0.05 in groups A vs. D) and a trend toward higher intubation rate (P=0.1) and PDA (P=0.14).
Conclusion: Antenatal magnesium is safe in the immediate postnatal period; however, in the subset of preterm neonates with serum magnesium levels >4.5 mEq/L, there is increased mortality independent of birth weight and gestational age. Identification of these neonates and appropriate dosing for their antenatal neuroprotection needs to be studied.
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