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Journal of Perinatal Medicine

Official Journal of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Dudenhausen, MD, FRCOG, Joachim W.

Ed. by Bancalari, Eduardo / Chappelle, Joseph / Chervenak, Frank A. / D'Addario , Vincenzo / Genc, Mehmet R. / Greenough, Anne / Grunebaum, Amos / Konje, Justin C. / Kurjak M.D., Asim / Romero, Roberto / Zalud, MD PhD, Ivica


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.361
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.578

CiteScore 2018: 1.29

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Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.602

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1619-3997
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Volume 43, Issue 2

Issues

Novel application of three-dimensional HDlive imaging in prenatal diagnosis from the first trimester

Ritsuko Kimata Pooh
  • Corresponding author
  • CRIFM Clinical Research Institute of Fetal Medicine PMC, Academic Teaching Center of Dubrovnik International University, 7-1-24, Uehommachi Tennoji Osaka, Osaka 543-0001, Japan
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/ Asim Kurjak
Published Online: 2014-07-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2014-0157

Abstract

Recent development of three-dimensional (3D) high definition (HD) ultrasound has resulted in remarkable progress in visualization of early embryos and fetuses in sonoembryology. The new technology of HDlive assesses both structural and functional developments in the first trimester with greater reliably than two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. The ability to visualize not only fetal face, hands, fingers, feet, and toes, but also amniotic membranes, is better with volumetric ultrasound than 2D ultrasound. In this article, detailed and comprehensive structures of normal and abnormal fetuses depicted by 3D HDlive are presented, including various faces of Down’s syndrome and holoprosencephaly, as well as low-set ear and finger/toe abnormalities from the first trimester. Three-dimensional HDlive further “humanizes” the fetus, enables detailed observation of the fetal face in the first trimester as shown in this article, and reveals that a small fetus is not more a fetus but a “person” from the first trimester. There has been an immense acceleration in understanding of early human development. The anatomy and physiology of embryonic development is a field where medicine exerts greatest impact on early pregnancy at present, and it opens fascinating aspects of embryonic differentiation. Clinical assessment of those stages of growth relies heavily on 3D/four-dimensional (4D) HDlive, one of the most promising forms of noninvasive diagnostics and embryological phenomena, once matters for textbooks are now routinely recorded with outstanding clarity. New advances deserve the adjective “breathtaking”, including 4D parallel study of the structural and functional early human development.

Keywords: Fetus; HDlive; prenatal; sonoembryology; three-dimensional; ultrasound

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About the article

Corresponding author: Ritsuko Kimata Pooh, CRIFM Clinical Research Institute of Fetal Medicine PMC, Academic Teaching Center of Dubrovnik International University, 7-1-24, Uehommachi Tennoji Osaka, Osaka 543-0001, Japan, Tel.: +81-(0)6-6775-8111, Fax: +81-(0)6-6775-8122, E-mail:


Received: 2014-05-10

Accepted: 2014-06-13

Published Online: 2014-07-11

Published in Print: 2015-03-01


Citation Information: Journal of Perinatal Medicine, Volume 43, Issue 2, Pages 147–158, ISSN (Online) 1619-3997, ISSN (Print) 0300-5577, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2014-0157.

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