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Journal of Perinatal Medicine

Official Journal of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Dudenhausen, MD, FRCOG, Joachim W.

Ed. by Bancalari, Eduardo / Chappelle, Joseph / Chervenak, Frank A. / D'Addario , Vincenzo / Genc, Mehmet R. / Greenough, Anne / Grunebaum, Amos / Konje, Justin C. / Kurjak M.D., Asim / Romero, Roberto / Zalud, MD PhD, Ivica


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1619-3997
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Volume 46, Issue 1

Issues

Causes of intrauterine fetal death are changing in recent years

Hiroko Takita / Junichi Hasegawa
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan
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/ Masamitsu Nakamura / Tatsuya Arakaki / Tomohiro Oba / Ryu Matsuoka / Akihiko Sekizawa
Published Online: 2017-02-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2016-0337

Abstract

Objective:

To investigate, how causes of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) have changed in recent years with the advancement of prenatal diagnosis at a single perinatal center in Japan.

Methods:

Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for all cases of IUFDs that occurred between 2001 and 2014. The most commonly associated causes of fetal deaths were compared between 2001–2007 and 2008–2014.

Results:

The number of IUFD after 20 weeks’ gestation/all deliveries in our center was 38/6878 cases (0.53%) in 2001–2007 and 35/7326 (0.48%) in 2008–2014. The leading cause of IUFD in 2001–2007 was fetal abnormalities (43.2%), the prevalence of which was only 8.6% in 2008–2014 (P<0.01). Meanwhile, the prevalence of umbilical cord abnormalities was relatively increased from 30.0% in 2001–2007 to 54.5% in 2008–2014 (P=0.06). In 2001–2007, chromosomal abnormalities were frequently observed (56% of IUFDs due to fetal abnormalities). Hyper-coiled cord (HCC) and umbilical ring constrictions were the most frequent cause of IUFD in both periods. The relatively decreased prevalence of IUFD due to velamentous cord insertion and umbilical cord entanglement, HCC and umbilical cord constriction was increased.

Conclusions:

The prevalence of IUFD due to fetal abnormalities was reduced, but IUFD associated with umbilical cord abnormalities tended to increase relatively.

Keywords: Chromosome abnormality; fetal anomaly; hypercoiled cord; intrauterine fetal death (IUFD); umbilical cord; velamentous cord insertion

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About the article

Corresponding author: Dr. Junichi Hasegawa, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8666, Japan, Tel.: +81-3-3784-8551, Fax: +81-3-3784-8355


Received: 2016-10-21

Accepted: 2017-01-23

Published Online: 2017-02-25

Published in Print: 2018-01-26


Author’s statement

Conflict of interest: Authors state no conflict of interest.

Material and methods: Informed consent: Informed consent has been obtained from all individuals included in this study.

Ethical approval: The research related to human subject use has complied with all the relevant national regulations, and institutional policies, and is in accordance with the tenets of the Helsinki Declaration, and has been approved by the authors’ institutional review board or equivalent committee.

Contribution to authorship: Takita H., Hasegawa J. and Nakamura M. designed the research. All the authors collected the data. Takita H., Hasegawa J. and Arakaki T. analyzed and interpreted the data. Takita H., Hasegawa J. and Sekizawa A. drafted the manuscript. Takita H. and Hasegawa J. performed the statistical analyses.

Funding: None.


Citation Information: Journal of Perinatal Medicine, Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 97–101, ISSN (Online) 1619-3997, ISSN (Print) 0300-5577, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2016-0337.

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