Widding Hedin L, Janson PO. Domestic violence during pregnancy. The prevalence of physical injuries, substance use, abortions and miscarriages. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2000;79:625–630.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Bacchus L, Mezey G, Bewley S. Domestic violence: prevalence in pregnant women and associations with physical and psychological health. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2004;113:6–11.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Intimate partner violence. Committee opinion No 518. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol. 2012;119–412.Google Scholar
Donovan BM, Spracklen CN, Schweizer ML, Ryckman KK, Saftlas AF. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and the risk for adverse infant outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 2016;123:1289–99.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
HOPE – Giving hope to victims of abuse through vocational guidance and counseling. National Report Slovenia. www.hopeguidance.eu/diss_files/National%20report%20SI.pdf.
Swahnberg IM, Wijma B. The NorVold Abuse Questionnaire (NorAQ): validation of new measures of emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, and abuse in the health care system among women. Eur J Public Health. 2003;13:361–6.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Brownridge DA, Taillieu TL, Tyler KA, Tiwari A, Ko Ling Chan, Santos SC. Pregnancy and intimate partner violence: risk factors, severity and health effects. Violence Against Women. 2011;17:858–81.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar
McFarlane J, Parker B, Soeken K, Bullock L. Assessing for abuse during pregnancy. Severity and frequency of injuries and associated entry into prenatal care. J Am Med Assoc. 1992;267:3176–8.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Finnbogadóttir H, Dykes AK. Increasing prevalence and incidence of domestic violence during the pregnancy and one and a half year postpartum, as well as risk factors: a longitudinal cohort study in Southern Sweden. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016;16:327.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Yuan NP, Koss MP, Stone M. The psychological consequences of sexual trauma. Harrisburg, PA: VAWnet, A project of the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence/Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence; 2006. 1–10. Retrieved 31.3.2015, from htpp://www.vawnet.org
Swahnberg K, Schei B, Hilden M, Halmesmäki E, Sidenius K, Steingrimsdottir T, Wijma B. Patients’ experiences of abuse in health care: a Nordic study on prevalence and associated factors in gynecological patients. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2007;86:349–56.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brüggemann AJ, Swahnberg K, Wijma B. A first online intervention to increase patients’ perceived ability to act in situations of abuse in health care: reports of a Swedish pre-post study. BMC Med Ethics. 2015;16:35.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar
About the article
Published Online: 2017-02-10
Published in Print: 2018-01-26
Conflict of interest: Authors state no conflict of interest.
Material and methods: Informed consent: Informed consent has been obtained from all individuals included in this study.
Ethical approval: The research related to human subject use has complied with all the relevant national regulations, and institutional policies, and is in accordance with the tenets of the Helsinki Declaration, and has been approved by the authors’ institutional review board or equivalent committee.