Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Osterman MJ. Births in the United States, 2016. NCHS Data Brief 2017;287:1–8.Google Scholar
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2014. Australia’s health 2014. Chapter 6. Health through your life. 6.2. Cesarean section. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Australia, p. 198.Google Scholar
Chung SH, Seol HJ, Choi YS, Oh SY, Kim A, Bae CW. Changes in the cesarean section rate in Korea (1982–2012) and a review of the associated factors. J Korean Med Sci 2014;29:1341–52.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Macfarlane AJ, Blondel B, Mohangoo AD, Cuttini M, Nijhuis J, Novak Z, et al. Wide differences in mode of delivery within Europe: risk-stratified analyses of aggregated routine data from the Euro-Peristat study. Br J Obstect Gynecol 2016;123:559–68.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Betrán AP, Merialdi M, Lauer JA, Bing-Shun W, Thomas J, Van Look P, et al. Rates of cesarean section: analysis of global, regional and national estimates. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2007;21:98–113.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Betrán AP, Ye J, Moller AB, Zhang J, Gülmezoglu AM, Torloni MR, et al. The increasing trend in cesarean section rates: global, regional and national estimates: 1990–2014. PLoS One 2016;11:e0148343.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Molina G, Weiser TG, Lipsitz SR, Esquivel MM, Uribe-Leitz T, Azad T, et al. Relationship between cesarean delivery rate and maternal and neonatal mortality. J Am Med Assoc 2015;314:2263–70.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar
Robson MS. Classification of cesarean sections. Fetal Matern Med Rev 2011;12:23–39.Google Scholar
World Health Organization. WHO statement on cesarean section rates. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2015.Google Scholar
ACOG Releases New Guidance Aimed at Making VBAC. October 24, 2017. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
Triunfo S, Ferrazzani S, Lanzone A, Scambia G. Identification of obstetric targets for reducing cesarean section rate using the Robson Ten Group Classification in a tertiary level hospital. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2015;189:91–5.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lundgren I, Healy P, Carroll M, Begley C, Matterne A, Gross MM, et al. Clinicians’ views of factors of importance for improving the rate of VBAC (vaginal birth after cesarean section): a study from countries with low VBAC rates. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2016;16:350.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lundgren I, Smith V, Nilsson C, Vehvilainen-Julkunen K, Nicoletti J, Devane D, et al. Clinician-centred interventions to increase vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC): a systematic review. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2015;15:16.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Colais P, Bontempi K, Pinnarelli L, Piscicelli C, Mappa I, Fusco D, et al. Vaginal birth after cesarean birth in Italy: variations among areas of residence and hospitals. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018;18:383.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Triunfo S, Ferrazzani S, Draisci G, Zanfini BA, Scambia G, Lanzone A, et al. Role of maternal characteristics and epidural analgesia on caesarean section rate in groups 1 and 3 according to Robson’s classification: a cohort study in an Italian university hospital setting. Br Med J Open 2018;8:e020011.Google Scholar
Triunfo S, Petrillo F, Lofoco F, Volpe M, Lanzone A. Cost analysis for deliveries according to maternal age classes for moving to a personalized approach in the health care. JMFNM. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2019.1605592. [Epub ahead of print].Google Scholar
Munro S, Kornelsen J, Corbett K, Wilcox E, Bansback N, Janssen P. Do women have a choice? Care providers’ and decision makers’ perspectives on barriers to access of health services for birth after a previous cesarean. Birth 2017;44:153–60.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar
Keedle H, Schmied V, Burns E, Dahlen HG. Women’s reasons for, and experiences of, choosing a homebirth following a caesarean section. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2015;15:206.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar
Moffat M, Bell JS, Porter M, Lawton S, Hundley V, Danielian P, et al. Decision making about mode of delivery among pregnant women who have previously had a caesarean section: a qualitative study. Br J Obstect Gynecol 2007;114:86–93.Google Scholar
Nilsson C, Lalor J, Begley C, Carroll M, Gross MM, Grylka-Baeschlin S, et al. Vaginal birth after cesarean: views of women from countries with low VBAC rates. Women Birth 2017;30:481–90.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar
OptiBirth Project. http://www.optibirth.eu/optibirth/.
About the article
Published Online: 2019-06-18
Published in Print: 2019-08-27
Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.
Research funding: None declared.
Employment or leadership: None declared.
Honorarium: None declared.
Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.
Data sharing statement: All data included in the present paper are available.