Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
In This Section

Journal of Plant Protection Research

The Journal of Polish Society of Plant Protection, Committee of Plant Protection; Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 0.84

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.342
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.618

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
In This Section
Volume 49, Issue 3 (Sep 2009)


Sheath Brown Rot Disease of Rice Caused by Pseudomonas Fuscovaginae in the Peninsular Malaysia

Azmi Razak
  • Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Seberang Perai Research Station, 13200 Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
/ Nur Zainudin
  • Biology Department, Faculty of Science, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
/ Siti Sidiqe
  • Agrotechnology Department, Faculty of Agrotechnology and Food Science, University Malaysia Terengganu, Mengabang Teilpot 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
/ Nor Ismail
  • School of Biological Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
/ Nik Mohamad
  • School of Biological Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
/ Baharuddin Salleh
  • School of Biological Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
Published Online: 2009-09-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10045-009-0037-x

Sheath Brown Rot Disease of Rice Caused by Pseudomonas Fuscovaginae in the Peninsular Malaysia

Relative to the established and well known rice diseases, sheath brown rot caused by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae can be considered new but getting widespread and serious all over the world. Our research was aimed to monitor and quantify the incidence and importance of the disease in Malaysia. A series of field monitoring and sampling were conducted to quantify the incidence and severity of the disease. Laboratory analysis of the collected diseased plant was done to identify the causal organism. Disease resistance screening of selected rice cultivars were also conducted to overcome the problem. The disease was found to become more important, prevalent and widely spread throughout rice growing areas in Peninsular Malaysia. Infected plants in the field became yellowish, lower leaf sheaths turned light or dark brown, while grains produced by an infected plant were discoloured, malformed and empty. The highest disease incidence was recorded in the state of Pahang (62%) and Selangor (62%), while the most severe infection was recorded in Pahang (55%) and Terengganu (61%). The evaluations of varietal resistance evaluation showed that the pathogen naturally infected all tested rice varieties at different levels of infection. Several rice varieties i.e. MR240, MR243, MR244, MR245, MR246, MR248 and MR249, classified as moderately resistant to the disease, could be recommended for planting in the next planting season.

Brązowa Zgnilizna Pochew Liściowych Ryżu Wywoływana Przez Pseudomonas Fuscovaginae na Półwyspie Malajskim

Brązowa zgnilizna pochew liściowych ryżu wywoływana przez Pseudomonas fuscovaginae może być uznana w porównaniu do innych, powszechnie występujących i dobrze znanych chorób ryżu za nową, ale rozprzestrzeniającą się i ważną na całym świecie. Podjęte badania miały na celu monitorowanie i zbadanie jej występowania, i znaczenia na Malajach. W celu określenia występowania i nasilenia choroby wykonano seryjny monitoring oraz przeprowadzono pobieranie prób. Wykonano analizy labolatoryjne zebranych roślin w celu określenia sprawcy choroby. Przeprowadzono testowanie wybranych odmian ryżu pod kątem ich odporności na patogena celem ograniczenia jego występowania. Wykazano, że choroba nabiera znaczenia i często występuje we wszystkich rejonach uprawy ryżu na półwyspie Malajskim. W polu zakażone rośliny żółkną, dolna pochwa liściowa staje się jasno- i ciemnobrązowa, a ziarno wytworzone przez chorą roślinę jest przebarwione, zniekształcone i puste. Najczęstsze występowanie choroby zanotowano w stanie Pahang (62%) i Selangor (62%), podczas gdy najsilniejsze porażenie stwierdzono w Pahang (55%0 i Terengganu (61%). Ocena odporności odmian wykazała, że patogen porażał naturalnie wszystkie odmiany ryżu, w zróżnicowanym stopniu. Kilka odmian zaklasyfikowano jako średnio odporne, t.j.: MR240, MR243, MR244, MR245, MR246, MR248 i MR 249, mogło być polecane do sadzenia w następnym sezonie wegetacyjnym.

Keywords: rice; Pseudomonas fuscovaginae; bacterial disease; sheath brown rot; resistant varieties

  • Agarwal P.C., Mortensen C.N., Mathur S.B. 1989. Seed-borne diseases and seed health testing of rice. Phytopathol. Papers No. 30. DGISPDC/CABI, 106 pp.

  • Ali A.H. 1995. Concept of varietal diversification in the prevention of rice disease epidemic. Teknologi Padi 11: 1-5 (in Malay with English abstract).

  • Anon. 2002a. Standard Ealuation System for Rice (SES). International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). Los Banos, Philippines, 56 pp.

  • Anon. 2002b. Manual Penanaman Padi Berhasil Tinggi. Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), 48 pp. (in Malay).

  • Autrique A., Maraite H. 1983. La pourriture brune de la gaine foliaire du riz causee par Pseudomonas fuscovaginae.FAO Plant Prot. Bull. 31, p. 94.

  • Batako H., Bouhharmont J., Kinet J.M., Maraite H. 1997. Involvement of toxins produced by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae in aetiology of rice bacterial sheath brown rot. J. Phytopathol. 145: 525-531.

  • Burkholder W.H. 1949. Sour skin, a bacterial rot of onion bulbs. Phytopathology 32: 141-149.

  • Cahyaniati A., Mortensen C.N. 1997. Bacterial Sheath Brown Rot of Rice (Pseudomonas fuscovaginae) Grown in Indonesia. Seed Health Testing in the Production of Quality Seed, 195 pp.

  • Carisse O., Ouimet A., Toussaint V. 2000. Evaluation of the effect of seed treatments, bactericides, and cultivars on bacterial leaf spot of lettuce caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vitians.Plant Dis. 84: 295-299. [Crossref]

  • Cottyn B., Cerez M.T., Mew T.W. 1994. Bacterial pathogens. p. 91-96. In: "A Manual of Rice Seed Health Testing" (T.W. Mew J.K. Misra, eds.). International Rice Research Institute.

  • Cottyn B., Cerez M.T., Van Outryve M.F., Barroga J., Swings J., Mew T.W. 1996. Bacterial diseases of rice. I. Pathogenic bacteria associated with sheath rot complex and grain discoloration of rice in the Philippines. Plant Dis. 80: 429-437. [Crossref]

  • Duveiller E., Maraite H. 1990. Bacterial sheath rot of wheat caused by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae in the highlands of Mexico. Plant Dis. 74: 932-935. [Crossref]

  • Duveiller E., Martinez C. 1990. Seed detection of Pseudomonas fuscovaginae in wheat. 42nd International Symposium on Crop Protection, Gent, Belgium, 8th May 1990.

  • Duveiller E., Miyajima K., Snacken F., Autrique A., Maraite H. 1988. Characterization of Pseudomonas fuscovaginae and differentiation from other fluorescent pseudomonads occurring on rice in Burundi. Phytopathology 122: 97-107.

  • Duveiller E., Notteghem J.L., Rott P., Snacken F., Maraite H. 1990. Bacterial sheath brown rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae in Malagasy. Trop. Pest Manage. 36: 151-153. [Crossref]

  • Horino O. 1980. Coefficient of correlation between two scoring systems and the reaction of resistant varieties in Japan to pathotypes of Xanthomonas oryzae in the Philippines. Intl. Rice Res. Newsletter 5: 5-6.

  • Jaunet T., Laguerre G., Lemanceau P., Frutos R., Notteghem J.L. 1995. Diversity of Pseudomonas fuscovaginae and other fluorescent pseudomonads isolated from diseased rice. Phytopathology 85: 1534-1541. [Crossref]

  • King E.O., Ward M.K., Raney D.E. 1954. Two simple media for the demonstration of pyocyanin and fluorescein. J. Laborat. Clinical Medi. 44: 301-307.

  • Kiyosawa S. 1972. A theoretical evaluation of the effect of mixing resistant variety with susceptible variety for controlling plant diseases. Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Japan 38: 41-51. (in Japanese with English abstract). [Crossref]

  • Klement Z., Rudolph K., Sands D.C. (eds.). 1990. Methods in Phytobacteriology. Akademia Kiado, 567 pp.

  • Macapuguay F., Mnzaya M. 1988. Progress on irrigated rice agronomy at Usangu village, M'beya zone, Tanzania. Intl. Rice Commission Newsletter 37: 40-44.

  • Malavolta V.M.A., Almeida I.M.G., Malavolta Jr. V.A. 1997. Characterization of Pseudomonas fuscovaginae on rice in Sao Paulo State, Brazil, and reaction of rice cultivars to the bacterium. Summa Phytopathol. 23: 29-35.

  • Marzukhi H., Ali A.H., Hassan S. 1991. Kehadiran penyakit baru padi di estet padi Seberang Perak. Teknologi Padi 7: 49-52. (in Malay with English abstract).

  • Mew T.W. 1987. Current status and future prospects of research on bacterial blight of rice. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol. 25: 359-382. [Crossref]

  • Mortensen C.N. 1994. Seed Bacteriology Laboratory Guide. Danish Government Institute of Seed Pathology for Developing Countries (DGISP), 102 pp.

  • Mueller K.E. 1974. Field Problems of Tropical Rice. The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), 95 pp.

  • Notteghem J.L. 1998. Emerging disease problems in intensive rice systems in Africa. The 7th International Congress of Plant Pathology. Edinburgh, Scotland, 9-16th of August 1998. British Society for Plant Pathology.

  • Othman O., Saad A. 1998. Role of varieties in sustainable rice production in Malaysia. Seminar on Sustainable Rice Production Towards the Next Millenium, 7-9 November, 1998, Langkawi. Organizer: MINT and MADA.

  • Rott P. 1987. Brown rot (Pseudomonas fuscovaginae) of the leaf sheath of rice in Madagascar. Institute de Recherches Agronomiques Tropicales et des Cultures Vivrieres, Montpellier, France, 22 pp.

  • Rott P., Honegger J., Notteghem J.L., Ranomenjanahary S. 1991. Identification of Pseudomonas fuscovaginae with biochemical, serological, and pathogenicity tests. Plant Dis. 75: 843-846. [Crossref]

  • Saad A., Jatil Aliah T., Azmi A.R., Normah I. 2003. Sheath brown rot: A potentially devastating bacterial disease of rice in Malaysia. Proc. of International Rice Conference - Modern Rice Farming. Alor Setar, Kedah, 13-16 October, 2003, Alor Setar, Kedah. MARDI and MAPPS: 352-355.

  • Saddler G. 2002. Bacteria and plant disease. p. 94-107. In: "Plant Pathologist's Pocketbook" 3rd ed. (J.M. Waller J.M. Lenne S.J. Waller, eds.). CABI Publishing.

  • Shakya D.D. (1997). Rice diseases at high altitude. p. 105-106. In: "Rice Cultivation in Highland Areas" (C. Poisson J. Rakotoarisoa, eds.). Proc. of the CIRAD conference, 29 March-5 April 1996, Antananarivo, Madagascar.

  • Sharma S., Sthapit B.R., Pradhanang P.M., Joshi K.D. 1997. Bacterial sheath brown rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae in Nepal. p. 107-112. In: "Rice cultivation in highland areas" (C. Poisson J. Rakotoarisoa, eds.). Proc. of the CIRAD Conference, Antananarivo, Madagascar. 29 March-5 April 1996.

  • Tanii A., Miyajima K., Akita T. 1976. The sheath brown rot disease of rice plant and its causal bacterium, Pseudomonas fuscovaginae.Ann. Phytopathol. Japan 42: 540-548. (in Japanese with English abstract).

  • Tilquin J.P., Detry J.F. 1993. Efficiency of natural selection for bacterial sheath rot (BSR) in bulked families. Intl Rice Res Notes 18: 23-24.

  • Tsushima S., Mogi S., Saito H. 1985. Effects of inoculum density, incubation temperature and incubation period on the development of rice bacterial grain rot. Proc. of Association of Plant Protection of Kyushu 31: 11-12. (in Japanese with English abstract).

  • Webster R.K., Gunnell P.S. 1992. Compendium of Rice Diseases. The APS, Saint Paul, MN, 62 pp.

  • Xie G.L. 2003. First report of sheath brown rot of rice in China and characterization of the causal organism by phenotypic tests and Biolog. Intl. Rice Res. Notes 28: 50-52.

  • Xie G.L., Zhu G.N., Ren X.P. 2002. Diversity of pathogenic bacteria from rice seeds. Acta Phytopathol. Sinica 32: 114-120 (in chinese with English abstract).

  • Zeigler R.S., Alvarez E. 1987a. Bacterial sheath brown rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae in Latin America. Plant Dis. 71: 592-597. [Crossref]

  • Zeigler R.S., Alvarez E. 1987b. Bacterial sheath rot of rice caused by a fluorescent Pseudomonas in Latin America. Fitopatol. Brasileira 12: 193-198.

About the article

Published Online: 2009-09-29

Published in Print: 2009-09-01

Citation Information: Journal of Plant Protection Research, ISSN (Online) 1899-007X, ISSN (Print) 1427-4345, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10045-009-0037-x. Export Citation

This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Mohd Zafri Ab Wahab, Kamaruzaman Sijam, Razi Ismail, Marzukhi Hashim, Erneeza Hata, and Dzarifah Zulperi
Asian Journal of Plant Pathology, 2015, Volume 9, Number 3, Page 112
Dante L. Adorada, B. J. Stodart, C. Vera Cruz, G. Gregorio, I. Pangga, and G. J. Ash
Euphytica, 2013, Volume 192, Number 1, Page 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in