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Journal of Plant Protection Research

The Journal of Polish Society of Plant Protection, Committee of Plant Protection; Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute

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Volume 50, Issue 3 (Sep 2010)


Biological Management of Fruit Rot in the World's Hottest Chilli (Capsicum Chinense Jacq.)

Marinus Ngullie
  • Department of Plant Pathology, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema Campus, Nagaland, India
/ Loli Daiho
  • Department of Plant Pathology, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema Campus, Nagaland, India
/ Digvigay Upadhyay
  • Department of Plant Pathology, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema Campus, Nagaland, India
Published Online: 2010-10-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10045-010-0047-8

Biological Management of Fruit Rot in the World's Hottest Chilli (Capsicum Chinense Jacq.)

Nine plant species and 7 antagonists were tested against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides which is the causal agent of fruit rot disease in the Naga king chilli. In vitro studies indicated that Trichoderma viride and Pseudomonas fluorescens were very effective in inhibiting mycelial growth of the pathogen. Among the plant extracts, Allium sativum (10%) and Azadirachta indica (10%) demonstrated the highest inhibition of mycelial growth of C. gloeosporioides. Field evaluation of effective plant extracts and antagonists and fungicide, revealed that spraying with T. viride (2%) showed a maximum disease reduction of 61.41% followed by P. fluorescens, (58.10%). However, the fungicide (Bavistin 0.1%) with 80.84% disease reduction ranked first.

Biologiczne Zwalczanie Zgnilizny Owoców Najostrzejszego Na Świecie Chilli (Capsicum Chinense Jacq.)

Badano dziewięć gatunków roślin i 7 ich antagonistów przeciw Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, sprawcy zgnilizny owoców Naga king chilli. Badania in vitro wykazaly, że Trichoderma viride i Pseudomonas fluorescens skutecznie hamowały wzrost grzybni patogena. Spośród wyciągów roślinnych, Allium sativum (10%) i Azadirachta indica (10%) w najwyższym stopniu hamowały wzrost grzybni C. gloeosporioides. Ocena skuteczności wyciągów roślinnych, antagonistów i środków grzybobójczych wykazała, że oprysk T. viride (2%) redukował chorobę w 61.41%, P. fluorescens w 58.10%. Największą skuteczność wykazal fungicyd Bavistin (0,1%), który redukował chorobę w 80,84%.

Keywords: Naga king chilli; fruit rot; Colletotrichum gloeosporioides; antagonists; plants extracts

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About the article

Published Online: 2010-10-09

Published in Print: 2010-09-01

Citation Information: Journal of Plant Protection Research, ISSN (Online) 1899-007X, ISSN (Print) 1427-4345, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10045-010-0047-8. Export Citation

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