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Journal of Plant Protection Research

The Journal of Polish Society of Plant Protection, Committee of Plant Protection; Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute

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Physical and Biophysical Deterioration of Stored Plantain Chips (Musa Sapientum L.) Due to Infestation of Tribolium Castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)

Samuel Babarinde1 / Grace Babarinde1 / Olaitan Olasesan1

Department of Agronomy, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M.B. 4000, Ogbomoso 210001, Nigeria1

Department of Food Science and Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M.B. 4000, Ogbomoso 210001, Nigeria2

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Journal of Plant Protection Research. Volume 50, Issue 3, Pages 303–306, ISSN (Online) 1899-007X, ISSN (Print) 1427-4345, DOI: 10.2478/v10045-010-0052-y, October 2010

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Physical and Biophysical Deterioration of Stored Plantain Chips (Musa Sapientum L.) Due to Infestation of Tribolium Castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)

Plantain chips (Musa sapientum L.) were infested with Tribolium castaneum Herbst in the laboratory (64±5% relative humidity and 30±2°C temperature) to evaluate physical and biochemical losses of the chips due to pest damage. Varying levels (4, 8 and 12) of T. castaneum adults were introduced into 20 g plantain chips. An uninfested 20 g of chips served as the control. At 2 and 4 months after infestation (MAI), data on weight loss of chips and the cumulative number of T. castaneum adult, were taken. The samples were then analyzed for proximate and mineral element composition. Infestation level affected weight loss and final insect count. When chips were stored for 2 months, 7.3 cumulative adults obtained in a sample infested with 12 adults was significantly higher than the 4.0 adults obtained in a sample infested with 4 adults. When stored for 4 months, 5.3% weight loss due to 12 initial adults was significantly higher than weight loss recorded in other lower levels of infestation. The proximate analysis revealed that dry matter, ash and crude fibre were significantly reduced with storage period and initial insect level. Fat, crude protein and moisture increased with infestation level and storage period. In uninfested plantain chips, calcium level was not affected with storage period, while phosphorous and iron were significantly reduced with storage period. Both, the level of infestation and storage period, caused significant reduction of the studied mineral elements. There was an interactive effect of the storage period and infestation level for all studied parameters in the biochemical analysis.

Fizyczne I Biologiczne Niszczenie Czipsów Banana Afrykańskiego Przez Tribolium Castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrioidae)

W laboratorium banany (Musa sapientum L.) zostały zakażone szkodnikiem Tribolium castaneum Herbst (w ±50% wilgotności względnej i 30±2°C) w celu wyceny fizycznych i biochemicznych strat wywołanych przez tego szkodnika. Zróżnicowane ilości (4,8-12) dorosłych osobników T. castaneum wprowadzono do 20 g bananów. Grupę kontrolną stanowiło 20 g niezakażonych owoców. Po 2 i 4 miesiącach od zakażenia, zebrano dane dotyczące utraty wagi i łącznej liczby osobników dorosłych T. castaneum. Gdy banany były składowane w ciągu dwóch miesięcy, łączna liczba osobników dorosłych wynosząca 7,3 w próbie zakażonej 12 osobnikami, była istotnie wyższa niż 4,0 osobniki znalezione w próbie zakażonej 4 osobnikami. Po okresie składowania wynoszącym 4 miesiące, wystąpila utrata wagi wynosząca 5,3%, wywołana przez 12 osobników dorosłych i była ona istotnie niższa niż utrata wagi przy innych, niższych poziomach ich wystąpienia. Wykonana analiza ujawniła, że sucha masa, popiół i surowy włóknik były istotnie zredukowane w zależności od okresu przechowywania oraz od początkowej liczby szkodnika. Tłuszcz, białko surowe i poziom wilgotności, wzrastały wraz z poziomem zakażenia i okresem przechowywania. W niezaatakowanych bananach poziom wapnia był niezmieniony, a poziom żelaza i fosforu był istotnie redukowany w miarę przechowywania. Zarówno poziom zakażenia, jak i czas przechowywania spowodowały istotną redukcję zawartości badanych składników mineralnych. W przypadku badanych parametrów w analizie biochemicznej, wystąpił efekt interakcji pomiędzy czasem przechowywania i poziomem porażenia przez szkodnika.

Keywords: Musa sapientum; plantain chips; Tribolium castaneum; storage period; infestation level; qualitative losses; quantitative losses

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