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Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports

An official journal of the American Statistical Association

Editor-in-Chief: Mark Glickman PhD

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.288
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.358
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 0.250

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Monte Carlo Simulation for High School Football Playoff Seed Projection

R. Drew Pasteur1 / Michael C. Janning2

1The College of Wooster

2The College of Wooster

Citation Information: Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports. Volume 7, Issue 2, ISSN (Online) 1559-0410, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1559-0410.1330, May 2011

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In Ohio high school football, playoff teams are selected and seeded using an objective point system. Roughly one-fourth of the state’s teams earn playoff berths, and higher seeds host first-round games. Even in the final week of the season, a team’s playoff chances can depend on the outcomes of dozens of other games, making direct computation of playoff probabilities impractical. To make playoff-related predictions, we first estimate win probabilities for all remaining regular-season games by applying a predictive ranking algorithm, then repeatedly simulate the remainder of the regular season. Using the aggregate results, we predict the playoff qualifiers and seeds, and also estimate conditional probabilities (based on the number of future wins) that particular teams earn a berth or a home game. In tracking the results of this model over two seasons, we find that modeling future games substantially increases the accuracy of seed predictions, but adds far less value in predicting the qualifying teams. This phenomenon may be related to the specificity of seed prediction, as compared to the more general nature of predicting a group of teams likely to qualify. That is, the additional information is most useful when making more specific predictions.

Keywords: Monte Carlo simulation; high school football; playoff; tournament; seed; Harbin; Ohio; OHSAA

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