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Journal of Translational Internal Medicine

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2224-4018
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Platelet count to splenic diameter ratio and splenoportal index as non-invasive screening tools in predicting esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis

Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa
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  • Department of Hepatogastroentrology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Karachi, Pakistan
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/ Zaigham Abbas
  • Department of Hepatogastroentrology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Karachi, Pakistan
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/ Syed Mujahid Hasan
  • Department of Hepatogastroentrology, Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Karachi, Pakistan
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/ Nasir Hasan Luck
  • Department of Hepatogastroentrology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Karachi, Pakistan
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/ Mahira Younus
  • Department of Radiology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Karachi, Pakistan
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/ Sabiha Anis
  • Department of Immunology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Karachi, Pakistan
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/ Muhammed Mubarak
  • Department of Pathology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Karachi, Pakistan
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Published Online: 2015-04-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/2224-4018.141838

Abstract

Background: Esophageal varices (EVs) are serious consequences of liver cirrhosis. Several studies have evaluated the possible non-invasive markers for the diagnosis of EVs to reduce the number of endoscopic procedures in patients with cirrhosis but without varices. This study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of two such parameters (platelet count to splenic diameter ratio and splenoportal index) for the detection of EVs. Materials and Methods: A total of 111 patients with liver cirrhosis were analyzed after performing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and non-invasive tests including platelet count and ultrasound abdomen including Doppler study. Appropriate statistical tests were applied to compare the non-invasive tests with the gold standard of endoscopy. Results: Of 111 liver cirrhotics, 80 (72.1%) were male and 31 (27.9%) were female. EVs were present in 68 (61.3%) patients and absent in 43 (38.7%) patients. In platelet count to splenic diameter ratio, a cut-off value of 1014 was obtained, which gave a sensitivity of 75.0%, specificity of 65.1%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 77.3%, negative predictive value (NPV) of 62.2% and diagnostic accuracy of 71.2%. In the splenoportal index, a cut-off value of 3.5 cm/s was obtained, which gave a sensitivity of 79.4%, specificity of 72.0%, PPV of 81.8%, NPV of 68.8% and diagnostic accuracy of 76.5% for the diagnosis of EVs. Conclusions: The platelet count to spleen diameter ratio and splenoportal index are non-invasive and fairly accurate alternatives in identifying the presence or absence of EVs in patients with compensated cirrhosis.

Keywords: Cirrhosis; esophageal varices; portal hypertension; splenomegaly; thrombocytopenia

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About the article

Published Online: 2015-04-24

Published in Print: 2014-09-01


Citation Information: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine, ISSN (Online) 2224-4018, DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/2224-4018.141838.

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