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Journal of Veterinary Research

formerly Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy

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Histomorphometric study of the canine prostate during ageing and in cases of benign prostate hyperplasia

Nomeda Juodziukyniene
  • Department of Infectious Diseases, Veterinary Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT- 47 181 Kaunas, Lithuania
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/ Albina Aniuliene
  • Department of Infectious Diseases, Veterinary Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT- 47 181 Kaunas, Lithuania
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2016-04-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2016-0013


Introduction: The aim of the study was to examine the percentage volume of epithelium, acini, and interstitial collagen in the nonhyperplastic canine prostate and in cases of epithelial and epithelial cystic hyperplasia. Material and Methods: A histomorphometric study of 39 prostates was performed using computer image analysis. Results: The highest percentage volume of epithelium was found in cases of epithelial hyperplasia (47.8 %) and epithelial cystic hyperplasia was the correlate for acini (48.97 %). Epithelium decreased with dogs’ age (P < 0.01), whereas acini increased (P < 0.01). Interstitial collagen varied only insignificantly across age groups, but collagen was higher (12.1 %) in the nonhyperplastic prostates. With age cystic formation progressed in the canine prostate, the percentage volume of epithelium decreased and that of acini increased, but this same parameter in prostatic collagen did not change distinctly. The epithelium percentage volume increased in cases of epithelial hyperplasia but the cystic variant caused an increase in acinar volume. Conclusion: As dogs age, cystic formation progresses in the prostate, therefore the volume of epithelium decreases and that of acini increases. The volume of prostatic collagen did not change distinctly with age, and was higher in normal prostates than in both epithelial and epithelial cystic hyperplastic glands.

Keywords: dog; age; prostate hyperplasia; epithelium; acini; collagen


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About the article

Received: 2015-11-02

Accepted: 2016-03-10

Published Online: 2016-04-29

Published in Print: 2016-03-01

Citation Information: Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 60, Issue 1, Pages 91–97, ISSN (Online) 2450-8608, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2016-0013.

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