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Journal of Veterinary Research

formerly Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 2016: 0.462

CiteScore 2016: 0.46

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.230
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.383

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Effect of sodium butyrate and Yucca schidigera extract on bone characteristics in growing pigs

Iwona Puzio / Jose Luis Valverde Piedra
  • Department of Veterinary Preclinical Sciences, Sub-Department of Toxicology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 20-950 Lublin
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Małgorzata Kapica / Radosław P. Radzki / Marek Bieńko / Marta Pawłowska / Sylwia Szymańczyk
Published Online: 2016-04-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2016-0015


Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of diet supplementation with sodium butyrate and Yucca schidigera extract (0.2% and 0.3%) on femur quality of growing pigs (n = 45). Material and Methods: At the age of 28, 35 and 56 d, five piglets from each group fed a different diet were euthanised and the femora were collected for further analyses. The bone characteristics were assessed based on weight, length, densitometric analysis of BMC and BMD, pQCT analysis (area, mineral content, volumetric density of trabecular and cortical part of metaphysis and diaphysis, respectively), ultimate strength, and geometrical parameters (cross-sectional area and second moment of inertia). Results: There were no significant differences in femur bone parameters among experimental groups on the 28th d of life. On the 35th d of life, piglets with 0.2% supplementation of sodium butyrate and Yucca schidigera extract had significantly lower values of weight and second moment of inertia, and significantly higher trabecular BMD and BMC compared to other experimental groups. In 56-day-old pigs, the higher values were observed in both experimental groups regarding BMC, ultimate strength, geometrical parameters, cortical BMC, diaphyseal total area, and endosteal circumference (P < 0.05). Significant differences between experimental groups were observed only in bone weight and cortical thickness. Conclusion: This study proved that simultaneous supplementation with sodium butyrate and Yucca schidigera extract positively influences bone quality in pigs in the post-weaning period. However, there were no differences in bone characteristics between the addition of 0.2% and 0.3% preparations.

Keywords: pig; bone development; sodium butyrate; Yucca schidigera


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About the article

Received: 2015-12-09

Accepted: 2016-03-11

Published Online: 2016-04-29

Published in Print: 2016-03-01

Citation Information: Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 60, Issue 1, Pages 105–111, ISSN (Online) 2450-8608, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2016-0015.

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© 2016. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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