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Journal of Veterinary Research

formerly Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 2016: 0.462

CiteScore 2016: 0.46

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.230
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.383

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2450-8608
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Microbiome and antimicrobial resistance genes in microbiota of cloacal samples from European herring gulls (Larus argentatus)

Lina Merkeviciene
  • Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
/ Neda Ruzauskaite
  • Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
/ Irena Klimiene
  • Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
/ Rita Siugzdiniene
  • Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
/ Jurgita Dailidaviciene
  • Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
/ Marius Virgailis
  • Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
/ Raimundas Mockeliunas
  • Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
/ Modestas Ruzauskas
  • Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
  • Email:
Published Online: 2017-04-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2017-0004

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of the study was to determine microbiota in the cloacal samples of European herring gulls (Larus argentatus) and to compare a variety of genes encoding antimicrobial resistance in cultivable and non-cultivable bacteria.

Material and Methods: Cloacal samples from European herring gulls were collected from a Kaunas city dump. Cultivable microbiota were isolated, their microbial susceptibility was tested, and genes encoding antimicrobial resistance were detected. Additionally, a metagenomic study was performed using Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS).

Results: In total, 697 different operational taxonomic units at genus level were detected; however, only 63 taxonomic units were detected at the amount of ≥0.1% of the total number of DNA copies. Catellicoccus marimammalium was found to have the highest prevalence. The bacterial amount of other genera was up to 5% with the most highly prevalent being Psychrobacter (4.7%), Helicobacter (4.5%), unclassified Enterococcaceae (3.2%), Pseudomonas (2.9%), and Brachyspira (2.6%).

Conclusions: C. marimammalium are predominant microbiota in the cloacal samples of Larus argentatus. This species of gulls is a reservoir of bacteria carrying a wide-spectrum of genes encoding antimicrobial resistance. The same genes were detected in both cultivable microbiota and in the total DNA of the samples.

Keywords: European herring gulls; Catellicoccus; microbiome; antimicrobial resistance; genes

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About the article

Received: 2016-08-27

Accepted: 2017-03-06

Published Online: 2017-04-04

Published in Print: 2017-03-01


Citation Information: Journal of Veterinary Research, ISSN (Online) 2450-8608, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2017-0004.

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© 2017 Lina Merkeviciene et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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