2. Arioli F., Gavinelli M.P., Fracchiolla M.L., Casati A., Fidani M., Ferrer E., Pompa G.: Evaluation of boldenone formation and related steroids transformations in veal faeces by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 2008, 22, 217–223.Google Scholar
3. Buiarelli F., Giannetti L., Jasionowska R., Cruciani C., Neri B.: Determination of nandrolone metabolites in human urine: comparison between liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 2010, 24, 1881–1894.Google Scholar
4. Clouet A-S., Le Bizec B., Montrade M-P., Monteau F., Andre F.: Identification of endogenous 19-nortestosterone in pregnant ewes by gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry. Analyst 1997, 122, 471–474.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
5. Commission Decision No. 2002/657/EC of 12 August 2002 implementing Council Directive 96/23/EC concerning the performance of analytical methods and the interpretations of results. Off J Eur Commun L221, 8–36.Google Scholar
6. Council Directive 96/22/EC of 29 April 1996, concerning the prohibition on the use in stockfarming of certain substances having a hormonal or thyreostatic action and of β-agonists, and repealing Directives 81/602/EEC, 88/146/EEC and 88/299/EEC. Off J Eur Commun L125:0003–0009.Google Scholar
7. Council Directive 96/23/EC of 29 April 1996, on measures to monitor certain substances and residues thereof in live animals and animal products and repealing Directives 85/358/EEC and 86/469/EEC and Decisions 89/187/EEC and 91/664/EEC. Off J Eur Commun L125:0010–0032.Google Scholar
8. Council Directive 2003/74/EC of 22 September 2003 amending Council Directive 96/22/EC concerning the prohibition on the use in stockfarming of certain substances having hormonal or thyreostatic action and of beta agonists. Off J Eur Commun L262, 17–21.Google Scholar
9. CRL Guidance Paper of 7 December 2007. CRLs view on state of the art analytical methods for National Residue Control Plans. http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/digitaaldepot/crlguidance2007.pdf.
10. De Brabander H., Poelmans S., Schilt R., Stephany R.W., Le Bizec B., Draisci R., Sterk S.S., van Ginkel L.A., Courtheyn D., Van Hoof N., Macri A., De Wasch K.: Presence and metabolism of the anabolic steroid boldenone in various animal species: a review. Food Addit Contam 2004, 21, 515–525.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
11. Debruyckere G., Van Peteghem C.: Detection of 19-nortestosterone and its urinary metabolites in miniature pigs by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr B 1991, 564, 393–403.Google Scholar
13. EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), 2013. Report for 2011 on the results from the monitoring of veterinary medicinal product residues and other substances in live animals and animal products. EFSA supporting publication 2013:EN-363. 65 pp. Available online: http://www.efsa.europa.eu/publications.
14. EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), 2014. Report for 2012 on the results from the monitoring of veterinary medicinal product residues and other substances in live animals and animal products. EFSA supporting publication 2014:EN-540. 65 pp. Available online: http://www.efsa.europa.eu/publications.
15. EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), 2015. Report for 2013 on the results from the monitoring of veterinary medicinal product residues and other substances in live animals and animal products. EFSA supporting publication 2015:EN-723, 69 pp. Available online: http://www.efsa.europa.eu/publications.
16. EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), 2016. Report for 2014 on the results from the monitoring of veterinary medicinal product residues and other substances in live animals and animal products. EFSA Supporting publication 2016:EN-923. 70 pp. Available online: http://www.efsa.europa.eu/publications.
17. EURL reflection paper: Natural growth promoting substances in biological samples, edited by RIKILT Wageningen UR, Wageningen, 2014.Google Scholar
18. Grace P.B., Drake E.C., Teale P., Houghton E.: Quantification of 19-nortestosterone sulphate and boldenone sulphate in urine from male horses using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 2008, 22, 2999–3007.Google Scholar
19. Hemmersbach P., Groβe J.: Nandrolone: A multi-Faceted Doping Agent. In: Doping in sports, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology 195, edited by Thieme D., Hemmersbach P., Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2010, pp. 127–154.Google Scholar
20. Ho E.N.M., Yiu K.C.H., Tang F.P.W., Dehennin L., Plou P., Bonnaire Y., Wan T.S.M.: Detection of endogenous boldenone in the entire male horse. J Chromatogr B 2004, 808, 287–294.Google Scholar
21. Johnson B.J., Ribeiro F.R.B., Beckett J.L.: Application of growth technologies in enhancing food security and sustainability. Anim Front 2013, 3, 8–13.Google Scholar
22. Kaabia Z., Dervilly-Pinel G., Popot M.A., Baily-Chouriberry L., Plou P., Bonnaire Y., Le Bizec B.: Monitoring the endogeneous steroid profile disruption in urine and blood upon nandrolone administration: An efficient and innovative strategy to screen for nandrolone abuse in entire male horses. Drug Test Anal 2014, 6, 376–388.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
23. Poelmans S., De Wasch K., Noppe H., Van Hoof N., Van Cruchten S., Le Bizec B., Deceuninck Y., Sterk S., Van Rossum H.J., Hoffman N.K., De Brabander H.F.: Endogenous occurrence of some anabolic steroids in swine matrices. Food Addit Contam 2005, 22, 808–815.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
25. Regulation of the Polish Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of 29 August 2006 amending the regulation on methods of proceedings with prohibited substances, chemical, biological remains, medicinal products and radioactive contaminations in animals and products of animal origin (Journal of Laws 2006, No. 155, item 1113).Google Scholar
26. Roig M., Segura J., Ventura R.: Quantitation of 17β-nandrolone metabolites in boar and horse urine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Anal Chim Acta 2007, 586, 184–195.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar
28. Scarth J., Acre C., Van Ginkel L., Le Bizec B., De Brabander H., Korth W., Points J., Teale P., Kay J.: Presence and metabolism of endogenous androgenic-anabolic steroid hormones in meat-producing animals: a review. Food Addit Contam 2009, 26, 640–671.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar
29. Soma L.R., Uboh C.E., Guan F., McDonnell S., Pack J.: Pharmacokinetics of boldenone and stanozolol and the results of quantification of anabolic androgenic steroids in race horses and nonrace horses. J Vet Pharmacol Ther 2007, 30, 101–108.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar
31. Stewart L.: Implanting Beef Cattle. The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension: College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, College of Family and Consumer Sciences, Bulletin Reviewed March 2013, 1302, 1–8.Google Scholar
32. World Health Organization, International Agency For Research on Cancer, IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Overall Evaluation of Carcinogenicity: An Updating of IARC Monographs Volumes 1 to 42, Supplement 7, Lyon, 1987, 1–42, 1–449.Google Scholar
33. World Health Organization, International Agency For Research on Cancer, IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risks of Chemicals to Humans, Sex hormones (II), Lyon, 1979, 21, 1–563.Google Scholar
34. Woźniak B.: Steroid hormones – properties, application, residues in food of animal origin. Med Weter 2010, 66, 177–181.Google Scholar
35. Yamada M., Kinoshita K., Kurosawa M., Saito K., Nakazawa H.: Analysis of exogenous nandrolone metabolite in horse urine by gas chromatography/combustion/carbon isotope ratio mass spectrometry. J Pharm Biomed Anal 2007, 45, 654–658.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar
About the article
Published Online: 2017-04-04
Published in Print: 2017-03-01
Citation Information: Journal of Veterinary Research, ISSN (Online) 2450-8608, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2017-0009.
© 2017 Iwona Matraszek-Żuchowska et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0