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Journal of Veterinary Research

formerly Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy

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Regional differences of densitometric and geometric parameters of the third metacarpal bone in coldblood horses – pQCT study

Małgorzata Dzierzęcka
  • Department of Morphological Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
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/ Maciej Jaworski
  • Department of Biochemistry, Radioimmunology, and Experimental Medicine, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, 04-730 Warsaw, Poland
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/ Halina Purzyc
  • Department of Animal Physiology and Biostructure, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 51-631 Wroclaw, Poland
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/ Karolina Barszcz
  • Department of Morphological Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
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Published Online: 2017-04-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2017-0014


Introduction: The aim of the study was to analyse selected densitometric and geometric parameters in the third metacarpal bone along the long axis in horses. The densitometric parameters included the cortical and trabecular bone mineral density, while the geometric parameters included the cortical, trabecular, and total areas, strength strain index X, strength strain index Y, and the polar strength strain index.

Material and Methods: The parameters were analysed using eight sections from 10% to 80% of the length of the bone. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography was used in the study. Statistical analysis was carried out using the Friedman analysis of variance and post-hoc tests.

Results: The proximal metaphyseal region showed the highest predicted resistance to bone fractures in the transverse (back-front) plane, the distal metaphyseal region had the highest predicted resistance to transverse and torsional fractures in the transverse (side-side) plane. The cross-sectional area and the shape of the cross-section of the cortical bone of the MCIII had the highest coefficient of variation. The density of the cortical bone was least variable.

Conclusions: The cortical area and cortical bone mineral density assumed the highest values in the diaphyseal region, while the highest total area, trabecular area and trabecular bone mineral density values were obtained in the metaphyseal proximal and distal region.

Keywords: horses; bone parameters; pQCT; third metacarpal bone


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About the article

Received: 2016-11-11

Accepted: 2017-03-10

Published Online: 2017-04-04

Published in Print: 2017-03-01

Citation Information: Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 61, Issue 1, Pages 111–120, ISSN (Online) 2450-8608, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2017-0014.

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© 2017 Małgorzata Dzierzęcka et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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