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Journal of Veterinary Research

formerly Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy

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IMPACT FACTOR Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 2016: 0.462

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2450-8608
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Metaldehyde poisoning of companion animals: a three-year retrospective study

Antonella De Roma
  • Corresponding author
  • Chemistry Department, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, Portici, Napoli, 80055 Italy
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gianluca Miletti
  • Animal Health Department, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, Portici, Napoli, 80055 Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Nicola D’Alessio
  • Animal Health Department, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, Portici, Napoli, 80055 Italy
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Carmela Rossini
  • Chemistry Department, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, Portici, Napoli, 80055 Italy
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Lucia Vangone
  • Animal Health Department, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, Portici, Napoli, 80055 Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Giorgio Galiero
  • Animal Health Department, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, Portici, Napoli, 80055 Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mauro Esposito
  • Chemistry Department, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, Portici, Napoli, 80055 Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-09-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2017-0041

Abstract

Introduction: Intentional and accidental poisoning of animals is often caused by readily available commercial pesticides, such as the molluscicide metaldehyde. A retrospective analysis of suspected metaldehyde poisonings between 2014 and 2016 in Italy was conducted. Material and Methods: Biological matrices were collected for toxicological analyses in the course of routine Institute activity. A total of 183 organs from dogs and cats and 49 pieces of bait, here specificall y poisoned food used to lure animals, were analysed and the presence of metaldehyde was confirmed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Results: A high content of metaldehyde was demonstrated in the analysed samples from dogs and cats: 50 (27.3%) animals were found positive for metaldehyde intoxication together with 17 pieces of bait. Conclusion: The study emphasised the need for the control of metaldehyde use by the veterinary service.

Keywords: dogs; cats; bait; metaldehyde; poisoning

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About the article

Received: 2017-05-18

Accepted: 2017-08-23

Published Online: 2017-09-19

Published in Print: 2017-09-26


Citation Information: Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 61, Issue 3, Pages 307–311, ISSN (Online) 2450-8608, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2017-0041.

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© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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