Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Veterinary Research

formerly Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 2016: 0.462

CiteScore 2016: 0.46

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.230
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.383

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2450-8608
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Mitral regurgitation in Dachshund dogs without heart murmurs

Magdalena Garncarz
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warsaw, 02-766 Warsaw, Poland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marta Parzeniecka-Jaworska
  • Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warsaw, 02-766 Warsaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Magdalena Hulanicka
  • Department of Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warsaw, 02-766 Warsaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Michał Jank
  • Veterinary Institute, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Poznań University of Life Sciences, 60-637 Poznań, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Olga Szaluś-Jordanow
  • Department of Small Animal Disease with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warsaw, 02-766 Warsaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Anna Kurek
  • Department of Animal Breeding, Faculty of Animal Science, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-786 Warsaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-09-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2017-0048

Abstract

Introduction: Older small breed dogs are considered at risk for heart failure secondary to chronic mitral valve disease. However, few data are available on the onset of this disease in such dogs. This study was performed to determine if auscultation alone can be used to eliminate clinically relevant mitral valve regurgitation seen in echocardiography in Dachshund dogs. Material and Methods: Clinical and echocardiographic data were obtained from 107 dogs without heart murmurs. Results: The study revealed that 63.6% of the dogs had mitral regurgitation. Numbers increased with age and a larger percentage of male Dachshunds were affected than female Dachshunds. Mitral valve prolapse and thickening were mild, and the regurgitant area inextensive in most dogs. Conclusions: The study shows that mitral valve regurgitation is prevalent (63.6%) in Dachshunds without heart murmurs. Typical lesions often become apparent during echocardiographic examinations in dogs under 5 years of age.

Keywords: dogs; Dachshund; heart murmur; echocardiography; mitral valve

References

  • 1. Abbott J.A.: Acquired Valvular Disease. In: Manual of Canine and Feline Cardiology. edited by Tilley, Smith, Oyama, Sleeper, Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, 2008, pp. 110-138.Google Scholar

  • 2. Birkegård A.C., Reinmann M.J., Martinussen T., Häggström J., Pedersen H.D., Olsen L.H.: Breeding restrictions decrease the prevalence of myxomatous mitral valve disease in Cavalier King Charles spaniels over an 8- to 10-year period. J Vet Intern Med 2016, 30, 63-68.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 3. Borgarelli M., Crosara S., Lamb K., Savarino P., La Rosa G., Tarducci A., Häaggstrom J.: Survival characteristics and prognostic variables of dogs with preclinical chronic degenerative mitral valve disease attributable to myxomatous degeneration. J Vet Intern Med 2011, 26, 69-75.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 4. Borgarelli M., Savarino P., Crosara S., Santilli R.A., Chiavegato D., Poggi M., Bellino C., La Rosa G., Zanatta R., Häggström J., Tarducci A.: Survival characteristics and prognostic variables of dogs with mitral regurgitation attributable to myxomatous valve disease. J Vet Intern Med 2008, 22, 120-128.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 5. Chetboul V., Tissier R., Villaret F., Nicolle A., Dean E., Benalloul T., Pouchelon J.L.: Epidemiological, clinical, echo- Doppler characteristics of mitral valve endocardiosis in Cavalier King Charles in France: a retrospective study of 451 cases (1995 to 2003). Can Vet J 2004, 45, 1012-1015.Google Scholar

  • 6. Egenvall A., Bonnett B.N., Häggström J.: Heart disease as a cause of death in insured Swedish dogs younger than 10 years of age. J Vet Intern Med 2006, 20, 894-903.Google Scholar

  • 7. Garncarz M., Parzeniecka-Jaworska M., Jank M., Łój M.: Epidemiology of heart disease in a group of 207 Dachshund dogs in Poland - retrospective study. Acta Vet Scand 2013, doi:CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 8. Häggström J., Hansson K., Kvart C., Swenson L.: Chronic valvular disease in the Cavalier King Charles spaniel in Sweden. Vet Rec 1992, 131, 549-553.Google Scholar

  • 9. Häggström J., Kvart C., Pedersen H.D.: Acquired valvular disease. In: Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Edited by Ettinger S., Feldman E.C., St Louis, Elsevier Saunders; 2005. pp. 1022-1039.Google Scholar

  • 10. Hulanicka M., Garncarz M., Parzeniecka-Jaworska M., Jank M.: Plasma miRNAs as potential biomarkers of chronic degenerative valvular disease in Dachshunds. BMC Vet Res 2014, 10, 205-212.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 11. Kittleson M.D.: Myxomatous atrioventricular valvular degeneration. In: Small Animal Cardiovascular Medicine. edited by Kittleson, Kienle, Mosby, Inc., Missouri, 1998, pp. 297-317.Google Scholar

  • 12. Kossaify A., Akiki V.: Echocardiographic assessment of mitral valve regurgitation, pattern and prevalence, expanding clinical awareness through an institutional survey with the perspective of a quality improvement project. Clin Med Insights Cardiol 2014, 8, 71-77.Google Scholar

  • 13. Lewis T., Swift S., Woolliams J.A., Blott S.: Heritability of premature mitral valve disease in Cavalier King Charles spaniels. Vet J 2011, 188, 73-76.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 14. Lundin T., Kvart C.: Evaluation of the Swedish breeding program for cavalier King Charles spaniels. Acta Vet Scand 2010, 52, 54-59.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 15. Malik R., Hunt G.B., Allan G.S.: Prevalence of mitral valve insufficiency in Cavalier King Charles spaniels. Vet Rec 1992, 130, 302-303.Google Scholar

  • 16. Olsen L.H., Fredholm M., Pedersen H.D.: Epidemiology and inheritance of mitral valve prolapse in Dachshunds. J Vet Intern Med 1999, 13, 448-456.Google Scholar

  • 17. Pasławska U., Noszczyk-Nowak A., Okręglicka E., Nicpoń J.: Analysis of arrhythmia of the heart in dogs examined between 1996-2001 in the Clinic of Horse, Dog and Cat Diseases at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Wroclaw Agricultural University. Med Weter 2004, 60, 1191-1195.Google Scholar

  • 18. Pedersen H., Häggstrom J.: Mitral valve prolapse in the dogs. Cardiovasc Res 2000, 47, 234-243.Google Scholar

  • 19. Pedersen H.D., Kristensen B.O., Norby B., Lorentzen K.A.: Echocardiographic study of mitral valve prolapse in Dachshunds. J Vet Med A 1996, 43, 103-110.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 20. Serfass P., Chetboul V., Sampedrano C.C., Nicolle A., Benalloul T., Laforge H., Gau C., Hebert C., Pouchelon J.L., Tissier R.: Retrospective study of 942 small sized dogs: prevalence of left apical systolic heart murmur and left-sided heart failure, critical effects of breed and sex. J Vet Cardiol 2006, 8, 11-18.Google Scholar

  • 21. Thomas W.P., Gaber C.E., Jacobs G.J., Kaplan P.M., Lombard C.W., Moise N.S., Moses B.L.: Recommendations for standards in transthoracic two dimensional echocardiography in the dog and cat. J Vet Intern Med 1993, 7, 247-252.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 22. Thrusfield M.V., Aitken C.G.G., Darke P.G.G.: Observations on breed and sex in relation to canine heart valve incompetence. J Small Anim Pract 1985, 26, 709-717.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 23. Trafny D.J., Freeman L.M., Bulmer B.J., MacGregor J.M., Ruch J.E., Meurs K.M., Oyama M.A.: Auscultatory, echocardiographic, biochemical, nutritional, and environmental characteristics of mitral valve disease in Norfolk terriers. J Vet Cardiol 2012, 14, 261-267.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-05-26

Accepted: 2017-08-24

Published Online: 2017-09-19

Published in Print: 2017-09-26


Citation Information: Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 61, Issue 3, Pages 363–366, ISSN (Online) 2450-8608, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2017-0048.

Export Citation

© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in