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Philosophische Zeitschrift der Kant-Gesellschaft

Ed. by Baum, Manfred / Dörflinger, Bernd / Klemme, Heiner F.

CiteScore 2018: 0.37

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.193
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.972

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Volume 110, Issue 3


Kant’s Transcendental Idealism About Time: a Neglected Alternative

Dr. Hope C. Sample
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  • Philosophy Grand Valley State University Mackinac Hall B3-105 Allendale Michigan 49401 Michigan USA
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Published Online: 2019-09-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/kant-2019-3004


When interpreters orient Kant’s philosophy of time in relation to McTaggart’s distinction among different ways of characterizing a temporal order, they claim that he is best described as endorsing an A series position according to which there is a metaphysically privileged present that determines the past and the future. Whether Kant might also be understood as a proponent of the B series - according to which there is no privileged present, but rather time is comprised of relations of earlier than, later than, and simultaneity - has not been discussed in the literature. I argue that, for Kant, the appearances can be described as an A series, while the phenomena are to be understood as a B series, neither of which is more fundamental than the other. Contra a common approach in the literature that neglects a metaphysical difference between appearances and phenomena, I argue Kant’s transcendental idealism about time is best understood in relation to his account of appearances and phenomena.

Keywords: Time; Appearances; Phenomena; Transcendental Idealism

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Published Online: 2019-09-05

Published in Print: 2019-09-01

Citation Information: Kant-Studien, Volume 110, Issue 3, Pages 413–436, ISSN (Online) 1613-1134, ISSN (Print) 0022-8877, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/kant-2019-3004.

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