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Beiträge zur Alten Geschichte

Ed. by Clauss, Manfred / Funke, Peter / Gehrke, Hans-Joachim / Mann, Christian

Together with Brandt, Hartwin / Jehne, Martin

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Volume 98, Issue 2


Germanicus, Artabanos II of Parthia, and Zeno Artaxias in Armenia

Marek Jan Olbrycht
Published Online: 2016-12-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/klio-2016-0044


The aim of this study is to analyse the Roman-Parthian relations under Artabanos II and Tiberius, and the political role played by Armenia, focusing on the agreement between the Roman prince Germanicus and Artabanos II. A scrutiny of military and diplomatic measures taken by Rome, Parthia, and minor kings of Kappadokia, Pontos and Armenia suggests a new perspective of the Roman and Parthian policies towards Armenia under Tiberius and Artabanos II. Artabanos II's triumph over Vonones compelled Rome to revise her policy toward Parthia. Artabanos agreed on a compromise with the ruler of Kappadokia Archelaos, a Roman client king, that involved installing Archelaos' stepson, Zeno, on the throne of Armenia. Germanicus' intervention in Armenia in A.D. 18 led to the conclusion of a compromise settlement between Rome and the Parthians, securing over a decade of peace between the two powers. Zeno Artaxias' coronation at the hands of Germanicus was commemorated by the issue of a set of meaningful silver coins.

Keywords: Germanicus; Tiberius; Parthia; Armenia; Artabanos II; Archelaos of Kappadokia


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Published Online: 2016-12-01

Citation Information: Klio, Volume 98, Issue 2, Pages 605–633, ISSN (Online) 2192-7669, ISSN (Print) 0075-6334, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/klio-2016-0044.

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