Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Law and Development Review

Editor-in-Chief: Lee, Y.S.


Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.116

Online
ISSN
1943-3867
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Local Government Law, Development and Cross-border Trade in the Global Cities of SADC

Marius PieterseORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5163-8846
Published Online: 2019-10-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ldr-2019-0055

Abstract

The ways in which cities function and are governed matter economically. While the growing literature on ‘global cities’ shows that city governments often pursue economic competitiveness, not much work has been done on whether the formal powers and competencies of cities and towns, as well as the ways in which these are wielded, are conducive to the achievement of developmental and socio-economic objectives. This article considers the interactions and interdependencies between local government law, urban governance, developmental objectives and formal as well as informal cross-border trade between cities in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. While supporting increased devolution of local government powers, it cautions that cities of SADC must take care to wield their powers in ways that ensure the economic flourishing of the majority of their inhabitants. In particular, this requires a change of mindset in relation to the municipal regulation of informal economic activity.

Keywords: local government law; urban governance; international trade; informal trade; SADC

References

  • Aust, H.P. and A. Du Plessis, “The Globalisation of Urban Governance – Legal Perspectives on Sustainable Development Goal 11,” in H.P. Aust and A. Du Plessis (eds.), The Globalisation of Urban Governance: Legal Perspectives on Sustainable Development Goal 11 (New York and London: Routledge, 2019).Google Scholar

  • Barber, B.R., If Mayors Ruled the World: Dysfunctional Nations, Rising Cities (New Haven: Yale UP, 2013).Google Scholar

  • Begg, I., Cities and Competitiveness, 36 Urban Studies, no. 5–6 (1999).Google Scholar

  • Benit-Gbaffou, C., Unbundled Security Services and Urban Fragmentation in Post-apartheid Johannesburg, 39 Geoforum, no. 6 (2008).Google Scholar

  • Bruce, D. and T. Zack, Joburg Vendors Vs Police: When a System Wears the Badge of the Law but Lacks Moral Authority, Daily Maverick (5 August 2019) available at: <www.dailymaverick.co.za>, accessed September 29, 2019.

  • Chen, M. and C. Skinner, “The Urban Informal Economy: Enhanced Knowledge, Appropriate Policies and Effective Organization,” in S. Parnell and S. Oldfield (eds.), The Routledge Handbook on Cities of the Global South (London and New York: Routledge, 2014).Google Scholar

  • Collins, A., Making Truly Competitive Cities – on the Appropriate Role for Local Government, Economic Affairs (September 1, 2007).Google Scholar

  • D’Ascenzo, F., An African Metropolis: The Imploded Territoriality of Kinshasa, 80 Investigaciones Geograficas (2013).Google Scholar

  • Davila, J.D., “Urban Fragmentation, ‘Good Governance’ and the Emergence of the Competitive City,” in S. Parnell and S. Oldfield (eds.), The Routledge Handbook on Cities of the Global South (London and New York: Routledge, 2014).Google Scholar

  • De Lille, P. and C. Kesson, View from City Hall: Reflections on Governing Cape Town (Cape Town: Jonathan Ball, 2017).Google Scholar

  • De Visser, J., Developmental Local Government: A Case Study of South Africa (Antwerp: Intersentia, 2005).Google Scholar

  • Du Plessis, A., The Readiness of South African Law and Policy for the Pursuit of Sustainable Development Goal 11, 21 Law, Democracy & Development (2017).Google Scholar

  • Fessha, J. and C. Kirkby, A Critical Survey of Subnational Autonomy in African States, 38 Publius: Journal of Federalism, no. 2 (2008).Google Scholar

  • Fish, C., C. Adendorf and K. Jonker, An Investigation into Factors Impacting on Exports from South Africa to the Southern African Development Community (SADC), 18 African Sociological Review, no. 1 (2014).Google Scholar

  • Fombad, C.M., Constitutional Entrenchment of Decentralization in Africa: an Overview of Trends and Tendencies, 62 Journal of African Law, no. 2 (2018).Google Scholar

  • Frug, G.E. and D.J. Barron, International Local Government Law, 38 The Urban Lawyer, no. 1 (2006).Google Scholar

  • Gipouloux, F., “From Entrepots to Service Integrators: Asian Metropolises in a Changing Flows and Nodes Configuration,” in F. Gipouloux (ed.), Gateways to Globalisation: Asia’s International Trading and Finance Centres (Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2011).Google Scholar

  • Grant, R. and D. Thompson, City on Edge: Immigrant Businesses and the Right to Urban Space in Inner-city Johannesburg, 36 Urban Geography, no. 2 (2015).Google Scholar

  • Hampwaye, G., Local Economic Development in the City of Lusaka, Zambia, 19 Urban Forum, no. 2 (2008).Google Scholar

  • Herrschel, T. and P. Newman, Cities as International Actors: Urban and Regional Governance beyond the Nation State (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017).Google Scholar

  • Houghton, J., Negotiating the Global and the Local: Evaluating Development through Public-private Partnerships in Durban, South Africa, 22 Urban Forum, no. 1 (2011).Google Scholar

  • Hussein, M.K., Capacity Building Challenges in Malawi’s Local Government Reform Programme, 23 Development Southern Africa, no. 3 (2006).Google Scholar

  • Jenkins, P., P. Robson and A. Cain, Luanda City Profile, 19 Cities, no. 2 (2002).Google Scholar

  • Karayalcin, C. and H. Yilmazkuday, Trade and Cities, 29 World Bank Economic Review, no. 3 (2014).Google Scholar

  • Kent, A. and H. Ikgopoleng, Gaborone City Profile, 28 Cities (2010).Google Scholar

  • Kuditshini, J.T., Global Governance and Local Government in the Congo: The Role of the IMF, World Bank, the Multinationals and the Political Elites, 74 International Review of Administrative Sciences, no. 2 (2008).Google Scholar

  • Lall, S.V., J.V. Henderson and A.J. Venables, Africa’s Cities: Opening Doors to the World (Washington: World Bank, 2017).Google Scholar

  • Lemanski, C., Global Cities in the South: Deepening Social and Spatial Polarisation in Cape Town, 24 Cities, no. 6 (2007).Google Scholar

  • Malecki, E.J., Cities and Regions Competing in the Global Economy: Knowledge and Local Development Processes, 25 Environment & Planning C: Government & Policy (2007).Google Scholar

  • Marais, L., et al., Planning for Economic Development in a Secondary City? Trends, Pitfalls and Alternatives for Mangaung, South Africa, 26 Bulletin of Geopgraphy, Socio-economic Series (2014).Google Scholar

  • Mazzolini, A., “The Rising ‘Floating Class’ in Sub-Saharan Africa and Its Impact on Local Governance: Insights from Mozambique,” in C.N. Silva (ed.), Governing Urban Africa (London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2016).Google Scholar

  • Miller, D., E. Nel and G. Hampwaye, Malls in Zambia: Racialised Retail Expansion and South African Foreign Investors in Zambia, 12 African Sociological Review, no. 1 (2008).Google Scholar

  • Minde, I.J. and T.O. Nakhumwa, Unrecorded Cross-border Trade between Malawi and Neighboring Countries, Office of Sustainable Development Bureau for Africa Technical Paper no 90 (1998).Google Scholar

  • Mitaritonna, C. et al., Regional Integration and Informal Trade in Africa: Evidence from Benin’s Borders, Centre d’Etudes Prospectives et d’Informations Internationales Working Paper (2018).Google Scholar

  • Murray, M.J., City of Extremes: The Spatial Politics of Johannesburg (London: Duke University Press, 2011).Google Scholar

  • Muzenda, A. and I. Chirisa, Legal Ambiguity and Symbolic Structures: Local Government Reform in Zimbabwe, African Urban Development Institute Discussion Paper, 03/2018 [2018].Google Scholar

  • Nel, E., Critical Reflections on Urban and Local Development in Africa, 25 Development and Planning C: Government and Policy (2007).Google Scholar

  • Nel, E.L. and C.M. Rogerson, Pro-poor Local Economic Development in South Africa’s Cities: Policy and Practice, 35 Africa Insight, no. 4 (2005).Google Scholar

  • Njoh, A.J., African Cities and Regional Trade in Historical Perspective: Implications for Contemporary Globalization Trends, 23 Cities, no. 1 (2006).Google Scholar

  • Onishi, N. and J. Moyo, Trade on the Streets, and off the Books, Keeps Zimbabwe Afloat, New York Times (March 4, 2017).Google Scholar

  • Onyebueke, V.U., Place and Function of African Cities in the Global Urban Network: Exploring the Matters Arising, 22 Urban Forum, no. 1 (2011).Google Scholar

  • Parnell, S. and J. Robinson, Development and Urban Policy: Johannesburg’s City Development Strategy, 43 Urban Studies, no. 2 (2006).Google Scholar

  • Peberdy, S., Mobile Entrepreneurship: Informal Sector Cross-border Trade and Street Trade in South Africa, 17 Development Southern Africa, no. 2 (2000).Google Scholar

  • Peberdy, S., Border Crossings: Small Entrepreneurs and Cross-border Trade between South Africa and Mozambique, 91 Tijdscrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie, no. 4 (2000).Google Scholar

  • Peberdy, S. and J. Crush, Invisible Trade, Invisible Travellers: the Maputo Development Corridor Spatial Development Initiative and Informal Cross-border Trading, 83 South African Geographical Journal, no. 2 (2001).Google Scholar

  • Peberdy, S. and C. Rogerson, Transnationalism and Non-South African Entrepreneurs in South Africa’s Small, Medium and Micro-enterprise (SMME) Economy, 34 Canadian Journal of African Studies, no. 1 (2000).Google Scholar

  • Peyroux, E., City Improvement Districts (cids) in Johannesburg: Assessing the Political and Socio-spatial Implications of Private-led Urban Regeneration, 89 Trialog, no. 1 (2006).Google Scholar

  • Pezzano, A., “Integration” or “Selective Incorporation”? the Modes of Governance in Informal Trading Policy in the Inner City of Johannesburg, 52 Journal of Development Studies, no. 4 (2016).Google Scholar

  • Picciotto, S., Networks in International Economic Integration: Fragmented States and the Dilemmas of Neoliberalism, 17 Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business (1996–1997).Google Scholar

  • Picciotto, S., Constitutionalizing Multilevel Governance?, 6 International Journal of Constitutional Law, no. 4 (2008).Google Scholar

  • Picciotto, S., International Transformations of the Capitalist State, 43 Antipode, no. 1 (2011).Google Scholar

  • Pieterse, M., Rights, Regulation and Bureaucratic Impact: The Impact of Human Rights Litigation on the Regulation of Informal Trade in Johannesburg, 20 Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal, no. 1 (2017).Google Scholar

  • Pieterse, M., Rights-based Litigation, Urban Governance and Social Justice in South Africa: The Right to Joburg (London and New York: Routledge, 2017).Google Scholar

  • Pieterse, M., Devolution, Urban Autonomy and Local Governance in the Cities of SADC, 20 African Journal of International and Comparative Law (forthcoming, 2020).Google Scholar

  • Pillay, U., Are Globally Competitive “City Regions” Developing in South Africa? Formulaic Aspirations or New Imaginations?, 15 Urban Forum, no. 4 (2004).Google Scholar

  • Reddy, P. and J. Kauzya, Local Government Capacity in the Southern African Development Region (SADC), 14 Public Policy and Administration, no. 3 (2015).Google Scholar

  • Resnick, D., In the Shadow of the City: Africa’s Urban Poor in Opposition Strongholds, 49 Journal of Modern African Studies, no. 1 (2011).Google Scholar

  • Riegner, M., “International Institutions and the City: Towards a Comparative Law of Glocal Governance,” in H.P. Aust and A. Du Plessis (eds.), The Globalisation of Urban Governance: Legal Perspectives on Sustainable Development Goal 11 (New York and London: Routledge, 2019).Google Scholar

  • Robbins, G., The Dube Trading Port – King Shaka International Airport Mega-project: Exploring Impacts in the Context of Multi-scalar Governance Processes, 45 Habitat International (2015).Google Scholar

  • Rogerson, C.M., Urban Tourism and Regional Tourists: Shopping in Johannesburg, South Africa, 12 Tijdscrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie, no. 3 (2011).Google Scholar

  • Rogerson, C.M., Responding to Informality in Urban Africa: Street Trading in Harare, Zimbabwe’, 27 Urban Forum, no. 3 (2016).Google Scholar

  • Sassen, S., Locating Cities on Global Circuits, 14 Environment & Urbanization, no. 1 (2002).Google Scholar

  • Sassen, S., Cities in a World Economy (4th ed., New York: Sage, 2012).Google Scholar

  • Savage, C.J., et al., Developing Walvis Bay into a Logistics Gateway for Southern Africa: Issues, Challenges and the Potential Implications for Namibia’s Future, 8 Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management, no. 1 (2014).Google Scholar

  • Schragger, R.C., Cities, Economic Development, and the Free Trade Constitution, 94 Virginia Law Review, no. 5 (2011).Google Scholar

  • Sharma, K.C., Role of Local Government in Botswana for Effective Service Delivery: Challenges, Prospects and Lessons, 6 Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance (2010).Google Scholar

  • Shen, J., Urban Competitiveness and Urban Governance in the Globalizing World, 23 Asian Geographer, no. 1-2 (2004).Google Scholar

  • Sheppard, E., “Globalizing Capitalism and Southern Urbanization,” in S. Parnell and S. Oldfield (eds.), The Routledge Handbook on Cities of the Global South (London and New York: Routledge, 2014).Google Scholar

  • Shumba, T., Harmonising Regional Trade Law in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) (Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2015).Google Scholar

  • Sihlongonyane, M.F., Local Economic Development in Swaziland: The Case of Manzini City, 14 Urban Forum, no. 2-3 (2003).Google Scholar

  • Silva, C.N., “Local Government and Urban Governance in Lusophone African Countries: From Colonial Centralism to Post-colonial Slow Decentralization,” in C.N. Silva (ed.), Governing Urban Africa (London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2016).Google Scholar

  • Skinner, C., Getting Institutions Right? Local Government and Street Traders in Four South African Cities, 11 Urban Forum, no. 1 (2000).Google Scholar

  • Skinner, C., The Struggle for the Streets: Processes of Exclusion and Inclusion of Street Traders in Durban, South Africa, 25 Development Southern Africa, no. 2 (2008).Google Scholar

  • Smit, W. and E. Pieterse, “Decentralisation and Institutional Reconfiguration in Urban Africa,” in S. Parnell and E. Pieterse (eds.), Africa’s Urban Revolution (Cape Town: Zed Books, 2014).Google Scholar

  • Southern African Liaison Office (SALO), Informal Economy and Cross-border Trade between South Africa and Zimbabwe, Policy Brief 1, (2017).Google Scholar

  • Tavares-Lehmann, A.T. and R. Tavares, Economic Nationalism Is on the Rise, but the Future of Trade Lies with Cities, World Economic Forum (3 February 2017), available at: <www.weforum.org>, accessed May 1, 2019).Google Scholar

  • Taylor, P.J., Specification of the World City Network, 33 Geographical Analysis, no. 2 (2001).Google Scholar

  • Tevera, D., Remaking Life in Transnational Urban Space: Zimbabwean Migrant Teachers in Manzini, Swaziland, 2 Migracijske I Etnicke Teme (2014)].Google Scholar

  • Thompson, D.K. and R. Grant, Enclaves on Edge: Strategy and Tactics in Immigrant Business Spaces of Johannesburg, 26 Urban Forum, no. 3 (2015).Google Scholar

  • Tsie, B., States and Markets in the Southern African Development Community (SADC): beyond the Neo-liberal Paradigm, 22 Journal of Southern African Studies, no. 1 (1996).Google Scholar

  • Turok, I., Cities, Regions and Competitiveness, 38 Regional Studies, no. 9 (2004).Google Scholar

  • Turok, I., Transforming South Africa’s Divided Cities: Can Devolution Help?, 18 International Planning Studies, no. 2 (2013).Google Scholar

  • United Cities and Local Government, Mentoring Story: Lilongwe & Johannesburg Experience 2008-2012, (2012).Google Scholar

  • Van der Merwe, I.J., The Global Cities of Sub-Saharan Africa: Fact or Fiction?, 15 Urban Forum, no. 1 (2004).Google Scholar

  • Van Rooyen, E.J. and L.P. Malan, Informal Trading in the City of Johannesburg: Suggestions to Create an Enabling Environment, 42 Journal of Public Administration, no. 7 (2007).Google Scholar

  • Van Vliet, W., Cities in a Globalizing World: from Engines of Growth to Agents of Change, 14 Environment & Urbanization, no. 1 (2002).Google Scholar

  • Von Broembsen, M., Informal Business and Poverty in South Africa: Re-thinking the Paradigm, 14 Law, Democracy & Development (2010).Google Scholar

  • Webster, D., ‘The End of the Street?’ Informal Traders’ Experiences of Rights and Regulations in Inner City Johannesburg, SERI Research Report (2015).Google Scholar

  • Wunsch, J.S., Decentralization, Local Governance and the Democratic Transition in Southern Africa: A Comparative Analysis, 2 African Studies Quarterly, no. 1 (1998).Google Scholar

  • Yabu, N., Assessing the Intra-SADC Trade in Goods and Services, Bank of Tanzania Working Paper No. 6 (2015).Google Scholar

  • Zack, T., Jeppe – Where Low-end Globalisation, Ethnic Entrepreneurialism and the Arrival City Meet, 26 Urban Forum, no. 2 (2015).Google Scholar

  • Zack, T. et al., Cross Border Shopping in Johannesburg’s Inner City, Research Report Commissioned by the Johannesburg Inner City Partnership (2017).Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2019-10-29


Citation Information: Law and Development Review, ISSN (Online) 1943-3867, ISSN (Print) 2194-6523, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ldr-2019-0055.

Export Citation

© 2019 Law and Development Review.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in