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“Vivid narrative use” and the meaning of the present perfect in spoken Australian English

1 / Dulcie M Engel2

*Correspondence address: Marie-Eve Ritz, Graduate School of Education, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Nedlands, WA, Australia.

Citation Information: Linguistics. Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 131–160, ISSN (Online) 1613-396X, ISSN (Print) 0024-3949, DOI: 10.1515/LING.2008.005, March 2008

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This article examines the use of the present perfect (PP) in Australian English using a corpus of stories told during radio chat-show programs and news reports. We find that the PP is used (i) as a narrative tense in spoken texts both with and without narrative present (NarPres); (ii) in sequences of clauses expressing temporal progression; and (iii) with some definite temporal adverbials denoting past time. Such uses are either unusual or unacceptable in other English varieties. A systematic comparison of contexts where NarPres and narrative PP are used in oral narratives reveals that the PP replaces the NarPres predominantly with verbs denoting events. Usage in news reports, where the narrative interpretation is not possible, suggests that a temporal ambiguity exists in the current interpretation of PP sentences. Analysis of lexical aspect shows that the majority of verbs used in the narrative PP are both durative and contain a process part, a fact that helps explain the sense of vividness achieved. At the discourse level, use of the PP enables the speaker to present situations as tightly connected. Such extensions in usage show a possible path for change for a category that is known to be historically unstable in its meaning

Citing Articles

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Peter Collins and Xinyue Yao
Australian Journal of Linguistics, 2014, Volume 34, Number 4, Page 506
Celeste Rodríguez Louro and Marie-Eve Ritz
Australian Journal of Linguistics, 2014, Volume 34, Number 4, Page 549
Lesley Stirling
Australian Journal of Linguistics, 2012, Volume 32, Number 1, Page 157
Marie-Eve A. Ritz
Journal of Pragmatics, 2010, Volume 42, Number 12, Page 3400

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