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An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciences

Editor-in-Chief: Gast, Volker

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Volume 46, Issue 5


The diversity and unity of the accusative with infinitive construction: a Norwegian perspective

Helge Lødrup
Published Online: 2008-09-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/LING.2008.029


In an accusative with infinitive sentence like I have seen faith accomplish miracles, the accusative faith is assigned a thematic role by the embedded verb accomplish, and not by the main verb seen. This kind of sentence has been analyzed as involving either “raising to object” or a “small clause”. The present article presents reasons to prefer the former approach, and especially the understanding of raising to object as structure sharing, as in Lexical Functional Grammar. A main point to be made is that accusative with infinitive sentences in Norwegian do not always involve raising. The accusative with infinitive is syntactically and semantically ambiguous: it is assigned either no thematic role or it is assigned a thematic role by the main verb. When the accusative is assigned a thematic role, the accusative with infinitive is an equi (i.e., control) sentence. Several syntactic arguments are presented showing that some accusative with infinitive sentences are equi sentences and some are raising sentences. However, it is also demonstrated that all accusative with infinitive sentences share important syntactic properties. This supports the argument that syntactic theory must allow equi and raising sentences to be syntactically very similar. The theory of control and complementation of Lexical Functional Grammar is shown to give the correct predictions.

About the article

Department of Linguistics and Scandinavian Studies, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1102, Blindern, NO-0317 Oslo, NORWAY. E-mail: .

Received: 2004-10-05

Revised: 2005-04-14

Published Online: 2008-09-30

Published in Print: 2008-08-01

Citation Information: Linguistics, Volume 46, Issue 5, Pages 891–916, ISSN (Online) 1613-396X, ISSN (Print) 0024-3949, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/LING.2008.029.

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