Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …


An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciences

Editor-in-Chief: van der Auwera, Johan

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.644
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.878

CiteScore 2017: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.418
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.386

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 52, Issue 3


Parallels between cross-linguistic and language-internal variation in Hebrew possessive constructions

Tal Linzen
Published Online: 2014-04-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ling-2014-0007


Grammatical constraints in one language often surface as statistical tendencies in another, suggesting that cross-linguistic comparative studies can play a central role in the study of language-internal “free” variation. This paper applies this approach to the case of the variation between two Hebrew constructions: possessive dative (PD) and ordinary possession. While both constructions convey a possessive meaning, PD additionally highlights the fact that the possessor was affected by an event involving his or her possessed object. To elucidate the concept of affectedness, we turn to European languages that have encoded in their grammar various concrete reflexes of this notion, such as the animacy of the possessor (animate possessors are more often perceived as affected). We show that these concrete reflexes, while not grammatically encoded in Hebrew, have a statistical effect in that language as well. This makes it possible to predict the choice of construction in any given context using these objective proxies of affectedness. Furthermore, we argue that certain categorical restrictions on PD, previously attributed to formal syntactic factors, are best captured as consequences of the semantic affectedness condition. Our results illustrate the continuum between categorical constraints and statistical tendencies, both across languages and within a single language.

Keywords: variation; possessive dative; Hebrew; external possession; affectedness

About the article

Published Online: 2014-04-30

Published in Print: 2014-05-01

Citation Information: Linguistics, Volume 52, Issue 3, Pages 759–792, ISSN (Online) 1613-396X, ISSN (Print) 0024-3949, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ling-2014-0007.

Export Citation

©2014 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Nora Boneh and Elitzur A. Bar-Asher Siegal
Journal of Jewish Languages, 2015, Volume 3, Number 1-2, Page 309
Mira Ariel, Elitzur Dattner, John W. Du Bois, and Tal Linzen
Studies in Language, 2015, Volume 39, Number 2, Page 257

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in