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Volume 55, Issue 2


Unifying two general licensors of completive adverbials in syntax

Niina Ning Zhang
Published Online: 2017-02-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ling-2016-0042


It is well-known that an agent-oriented adverbial is syntactically licensed by a functional projection in which an agent is base generated. How is a completive adverbial, such as in three minutes, licensed? It has been noted that such an adverbial is licensed by either a resultative or an incremental theme in the form of a nominal that is quantified by a numeral (and a classifier in numeral classifier languages). Both licensing conditions encode a bounded scale. This paper argues that the nominal in the special form can be analyzed as an element hosted in a ResultP, and thus the two conditions are also unified syntactically. The evidence for the analysis comes from the syntactic similarities and interactions between such a nominal and the resultative in a VV resultative construction in Mandarin Chinese.

Keywords: completive; frequentative; durative; verbal classifier; numeral


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About the article

Published Online: 2017-02-28

Published in Print: 2017-03-01

Citation Information: Linguistics, Volume 55, Issue 2, Pages 371–411, ISSN (Online) 1613-396X, ISSN (Print) 0024-3949, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ling-2016-0042.

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