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Linguistics Vanguard

A Multimodal Journal for the Language Sciences

Editor-in-Chief: Bergs, Alexander / Cohn, Abigail C. / Good, Jeff


CiteScore 2018: 0.95

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.381
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.841

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2199-174X
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Loci and locality of informational effects on phonetic implementation

Robert Daland / Kie Zuraw
Published Online: 2018-08-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/lingvan-2017-0045

Abstract

Recent evidence suggests that the phonetic realization of linguistic units is sensitive to informational context. For example, the duration of a word is shorter when it is probable given the following word. Word-specific phonetic variation is unexpected according to modular/feedforward models. We consider various challenges to identifying the loci of informational effects on phonetic implementation – do they arise in production, perception, memory, or some combination? Section 2 addresses a theoretical issue: what are the right measure(s) of predictability/informativity? An urgent direction for future work is to understand what kinds of context matter and why. Section 3 reviews second-mention reduction and other non-local discourse effects, which strongly suggest a production locus (rather than arising in speech perception or memory). Important future directions include modeling discourse/topic in corpus studies, and experimentally assessing the role of nonlocal context in perception and memory. Section 4 addresses the role of computational modeling. We call for integrated, implemented end-to-end models which include speech perception, lexical representation, and speech production components.

Keywords: predictability; informativity; information; duration

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About the article

Received: 2017-05-05

Accepted: 2018-01-02

Published Online: 2018-08-10


Citation Information: Linguistics Vanguard, Volume 4, Issue s2, 20170045, ISSN (Online) 2199-174X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/lingvan-2017-0045.

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