Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Lingua Posnaniensis

The Journal of Poznan Society for the Advancement of the Arts and Sciences and Adam Mickiewicz University, Institute of Linguistics

2 Issues per year


SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.100

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2083-6090
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Lusitanian Personal Names with the Equine Motivation

Krzysztof Witczak
  • Department of Linguistics and Indo-European Studies, Philological Faculty, University of Łódź, ul. Lipowa 81, PL - 90-568 Łódź
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2010-01-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10122-009-0010-1

Lusitanian Personal Names with the Equine Motivation

The aim of this article is to find an equine motivation for several personal names attested in the territory of the Roman Lusitania. New or better Indo-European reconstructions (e.g. *melyos and *ku-melyos ‘horse; stallion’; IE. *k∂nkilos and *k∂nkanos ‘horse’, as well as the root *k∂nk-) in reference to the animal terminology are suggested. The distribution of the reflexes of IE. *ekwos ‘horse’ and *k∂nkilos / *k∂nkanos ‘id.’ in the area of the Hispanic Peninsula is carefully explained. Finally it is concluded that the horse and bull were the most esteemed animals in the culture of the ancient Lusitanians.

Keywords: Lusitanian; anthroponymy; etymology

  • Albertos Firmat María Lourdes. 1966 La onomástica personal primitiva de Hispania: Tarraconense y Bética. Salamanca.Google Scholar

  • Bermejo Barrera José Carlos. 1976 "Los caballos y los vientos: Un mito lusitano antiguo." Hispania Antiqua 6, 301-310.Google Scholar

  • Bermejo Barrera José Carlos. 1982 [1994]. Mitologia y mitos de la Hispania prerromana. Vol. 1. Madrid (2nd edition, Madrid 1994).Google Scholar

  • Best Jan G.P. 1982 "Zur frühindoeuropäischen Sprache in Lusitanien." TA∧ANTA. Proceedings of the Dutch Archaeological and Historical Society 13, 1981 (Supplementum epigraphicum mediterraneum, Middelie 1982), 63-68.Google Scholar

  • Blažek Václav. 1992 Historická analýza indoevropské zoologické terminologie (savci). Brno.Google Scholar

  • Blažek Václav. 2006 "Lusitanian Language." Sborník Prací filozofické Fakulty Brněnské Univerzity N. 11, 5-18.Google Scholar

  • Brugmann Karl. 1970 Kurze vergleichende Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen. Berlin.Google Scholar

  • Campanile Enrico (ed.) 1983 Problemi di lingua e di cultura nel campo indoeuropeo. Pisa.Google Scholar

  • De Hoz Javier (ed.) 1985 Actas del III Coloquio sobre lenguas y culturas paleohispanicas (Lisboa, 5-8 noviembre 1980), (Acta Salamanticensia, Filosofia y Letras no. 1962). Salamanca.Google Scholar

  • Georgiev Vladimir. 1960. "Der indoeuropäische Charakter der karischen Sprache." Archív Orientální 36, 607-619.Google Scholar

  • Hamp Eric P. 1991. "Incidence of Gaulish Divine Names in -on-". Studia Celtica Japonica 4, 71-72.Google Scholar

  • Holder Alfred. 1904 [1962]. Alt-celtischer Sprachschatz. Vol. 2 (I-T). Leipzig. Reprinted in 1962 in Graz.Google Scholar

  • Jórdan Cólera Carlos. 2004. Celtibérico. (Monografías de Filología Griega 16). Zaragoza.Google Scholar

  • Kočergina Vera A. 1987. Sanskritsko-russkij slovar' [A Sanskrit-Russian dictionary]. Moskva.Google Scholar

  • Krahe Hans (ed.). 1955. Corolla Linguistica. Festschrift Ferdinand Sommer zum 80. Geburtstag am 4. Mai 1955, dargebracht von Freuden, Schulern und Kollegen. Wiesbaden.Google Scholar

  • Maggi Daniele. 1983. "Sui teonimi Trebopala e Iccona nell'iscrizione lusitana del Cabeço das Fráguas." In: Campanile 1983: 53-60.Google Scholar

  • Mańczak Witold. 2006. "Lusitanien Reve = Latin Iovi." Lingua Posnaniensis 48, 63-65.Google Scholar

  • Marcinkiewicz Józef, Ostrowski Norbert (eds.). 2001. Munera Linguistica et Philologica Michaeli Hasiuk dedicata. Poznań.Google Scholar

  • Monier-Williams Monier. 1899. A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Oxford.Google Scholar

  • Morgenstierne Georg. 1974. Etymological Vocabulary of the Shughni Group. Wiesbaden.Google Scholar

  • Mülenbach Karl. 1929-1932. Latviešu valodas vārdnīca [A Dictionary of the Latvian Language]. Vol. 1-4. Riga.Google Scholar

  • Olivares Pedreño Juan Carlos. 2002. Los dioses de la Hispania Celtica. (Bibliotheca Archaeologica Hispana 15). Madrid.Google Scholar

  • Palomar Lapesa María. 1957. La onomastica personal pre-latina de la antiqua Lusitania. Salamanca.Google Scholar

  • Pokorny Julius. 1959. Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. Bern-München.Google Scholar

  • Prósper Blanca María. 2002. Lenguas y religiones prerromanas del occidente de la Península Ibérica. (Acta Salmanticensia. Estudios Filológicos 295). Salamanca.Google Scholar

  • Puhvel Jaan. 2001. Hittite Etymological Dictionary. Vol. 5: Words beginning with L. Berlin-New York.Google Scholar

  • Sabaliauskas Algirdas. 1968. "Baltų kalbų naminių gyvulių pavadinimai (jų kilmė ir santykis su atitinkamais slavų kalbų pavadinimais)." Lietuvių kalbotyros klausimai 10, 101-190.Google Scholar

  • Scherer Anton. 1955. "Die keltisch-germanischen Namengleichungen." In: Krahe 1955: 199-210.Google Scholar

  • Stalmaszczyk Piotr, Witczak Krzysztof Tomasz. 2001. "On Two Balto-Celtic Terms for ‘stallion’." In: Marcinkiewicz, Ostrowski 2001: 29-32.Google Scholar

  • Stalmaszczyk Piotr, Witczak Krzysztof Tomasz. 2002. "Etyma Celtica (1-3)." Studia Indogermanica Lodziensia 4, 73-79.Google Scholar

  • Tovar Antonio. 1985. "La inscripción de Cabeço das Fráguas y la lengua de los Lusitanos." In: De Hoz 1985: 227-253.Google Scholar

  • Trubačev Oleg N. (ed.) 1983. Ètimologičeskij slovar' slavjanskikh jazykov. Vol. 10. Moskva.Google Scholar

  • Vallejo Ruiz José María. 2005. Antroponimia indígena de la Lusitania romana. Vitoria-Gasteiz.Google Scholar

  • Wackernagel Jakob, Debrunner Albert. 1954. Altindische Grammatik. B. II, 2: Die Nominalsuffixe. Göttingen.Google Scholar

  • Witczak Krzysztof Tomasz. 1999. "On the Indo-European Origin of Two Lusitanian Theonyms (Laebo and Reve)." Emerita 67(1), 65-73.Google Scholar

  • Witczak Krzysztof Tomasz. 2001. "Reve Gallaeco. A Contribution to the Worship of a Sky-God in the Ancient Gallaecia and Lusitania." Eos 88, 245-253.Google Scholar

  • Witczak Krzysztof Tomasz. 2005. Język i religia Luzytanów. Studium historyczno-porównawcze [The Language and the Religion of the Ancient Lusitanians. A Historical-Comparative Study]. Łódź.Google Scholar

About the article


Published Online: 2010-01-14

Published in Print: 2009-01-01


Citation Information: Lingua Posnaniensis, ISSN (Online) 2083-6090, ISSN (Print) 0079-4740, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10122-009-0010-1.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in