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Linguistic Typology

Founded by Plank, Frans

Editor-in-Chief: Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria

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1613-415X
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Volume 18, Issue 2

Issues

Aspectual and focal functions of Cognate Head-Dependent Constructions: Evidence from Africa

Oliver Bond
  • Corresponding author
  • Surrey Morphology Group, School of English and Languages, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK
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/ Gregory D. S. Anderson
Published Online: 2014-09-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/lingty-2014-0010

Abstract

Cognate Head-Dependent Constructions (CHDCs) are employed across numerous genera in Africa to signpost alternations in the aspectual characteristics of a predicate or the information focus of a clause. The co-occurrence of a finite lexical verb (the cognate head) and an etymologically related (deverbal) noun or non-finite verb form (the cognate dependent) in such structures is interpreted with reference to the scalar semantics of events and properties. Within this areal typology, CHDCs are employed to indicate either (i) a high point relative to a norm on a semantic scale or (ii) a conventionally low-ranked possibility, in order to implicitly contrast possible alternatives.

Keywords: African languages; aspect; Cognate Head-Dependent Constructions; cognate object; finiteness; focus; inflection; information structure; pluractionality; reduplication; scalar semantics; syntax

About the article

Received: 2011-08-05

Revised: 2013-12-19

Published Online: 2014-09-05

Published in Print: 2014-09-01


Citation Information: Linguistic Typology, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 215–250, ISSN (Online) 1613-415X, ISSN (Print) 1430-0532, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/lingty-2014-0010.

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©2014 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

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