Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Geologos

The Journal of Adam Mickiewicz University

4 Issues per year


SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.641
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.735
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 1.212

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2080-6574
See all formats and pricing




Mesozoic mass extinctions and angiosperm radiation: does the molecular clock tell something new?

Dmitry Ruban
  • Division of Mineralogy and Petrography, Geology and Geography Faculty, Southern Federal University, Zorge Street 40, Rostov-na-Donu, 344090, Russian Federation
Published Online: 2012-04-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10118-012-0003-3

Mesozoic mass extinctions and angiosperm radiation: does the molecular clock tell something new?

Angiosperms evolved rapidly in the late Mesozoic. Data from the genetic-based approach called ‘molecular clock’ permit an evaluation of the radiation of flowering plants through geological time and of the possible influences of Mesozoic mass extinctions. A total of 261 divergence ages of angiosperm families are considered. The radiation of flowering plants peaked in the Albian, early Campanian, and Maastrichtian. From the three late Mesozoic mass extinctions (Jurassic/Cretaceous, Cenomanian/Turonian, and Cretaceous/Palaeogene), only the Cretaceous/Palaeogene event coincided with a significant, abrupt, and long-term decline in angiosperm radiation. If their link will be further proven, this means that global-scale environmental perturbation precluded from many innovations in the development of plants. This decline was, however, not unprecedented in the history of the angiosperms. The implication of data from the molecular clock for evolutionary reconstructions is limited, primarily because this approach deals with only extant lineages.

Keywords: angiosperms; radiation; mass extinction; molecular clock; Mesozoic

  • Alvarez, W., 2008. T. rex and the Crater of Doom - the story that waited 65 million years to be told - how a giant impact killed the dinosaurs, and how the crater was discovered. Princeton University Press (Princeton), 185 pp.

  • Anderson, J. M., Anderson, H. M., Archangelsky, S., Bamford, M., Chandra, S., Dettemann, M., Hill, R., McLoughlin, S. & Rössler, O., 1999. Patterns of Gondwana plant colonisation and diversification. Journal of African Earth Sciences 28, 145-167.

  • Archangelsky, S., Barreda, V., Passalia, M. G., Gandolfo, M., Prámparo, M., Romeroa, E., Cúneo, R., Zamuner, A., Iglesias, A., Llorens, M., Puebla, G. G., Quattrocchio, M. & Volkheimer, W., 2009. Early angiosperm diversification: evidence from southern South America. Cretaceous Research 30, 1073-1082. [Web of Science]

  • Courtillot, V., 2007. Evolutionary catastrophes - the science of mass extinction. Cambridge University Press (Cambridge), 173 pp.

  • Crane, P. R., 1987. Vegetational consequences of the angiosperm diversification. [In:] E. M. Friis, W. G. Chaloner & P. R. Crane (Eds): The origins of angiosperms and their biological consequences. Cambridge University Press (Cambridge), 181-201.

  • Crane P. R., Friis, E. M. & Pedersen, K. P., 1996. The origin and early diversification of angiosperms. Nature 374, 27-33.

  • Dilcher, D., 2010. Major innovations in angiosperm evolution. [In:] C. T. Gee (Ed.): Plants in Mesozoic time - morphological innovations, phylogeny, ecosystems. Indiana University Press (Bloomington), 97-116.

  • Eldredge, N. & Gould, S. J., 1972. Punctuated equilibria: an alternative to phyletic gradualism. [In:] T. J. M. Schoft (Ed.): Models in paleobiology. Freeman Cooper (San Francisco), 82-115.

  • Feild, T. S., Arens, N. C., Doyle, J. A., Dawson, T. E. & Donoghue, M. J., 2004. Dark and disturbed: a new image of early angiosperm ecology. Paleobiology 30, 82-107.

  • Friis, E. M., Doyle, J. A., Endress, P. K. & Leng, Q., 2003. Archaefructus: angiosperm precursor or specialized early angiosperm? Trends in Plant Science 8, 369-373.

  • Gould, S. J., 2002. The structure of evolutionary theory. Belknap Press (Cambridge), 1433 pp.

  • Gould, S. J., 2007. Punctuated equilibrium. Belknap Press (Cambridge), 396 pp.

  • Hallam, A., 1986. The Pliensbachian and Tithonian extinction events. Nature 319, 765-768.

  • Hallam, A. & Wignall, P. B., 1997. Mass extinctions and their aftermath. Oxford University Press (Oxford), 320 pp.

  • Harries, P. & Little, C. T. S., 1999. The early Toarcian (Early Jurassic) and the Cenomanian-Turonian (Late Cretaceous) mass extinctions: similarities and contrasts. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 154, 39-66.

  • Hedges, S. B. & Kumar, S. (Eds), 2009. The timetree of life. Oxford University Press (Oxford), 551 pp.

  • Heimhofer, U., Hochuli, P. A., Burla, S., Dinis, J. M. L. & Weissert, H., 2005. Timing of Early Cretaceous angiosperm diversification and possible links to major paleoenvironmental change. Geology 33, 141-144.

  • Heimhofer, U., Hochuli, P. A., Burla, S. & Weissert, H., 2007. New records of Early Cretaceous angiosperm pollen from Portuguese coastal deposits: Implications for the timing of the early angiosperm radiation. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 144, 39-76. [Web of Science]

  • Hughes, N. F., 1994. The enigma of angiosperm origins. Cambridge Uiversity Press (Cambridge), 303 pp.

  • Ivany, L. C. & Schopf, K. M. (Eds), 1996. New perspectives on faunal stability in the fossil record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 127, 1-359.

  • Magallón, S. & Castillo, A., 2009. Angiosperm diversification through time. American Journal of Botany 96, 349-365. [Web of Science]

  • Martin, W., Gierl, A. & Saedler, H., 1989. Molecular evidence for Pre-Cretaceous angiosperm origins. Nature 339, 46-48.

  • McElwain, J. C. & Punyasena, S. W., 2007. Mass extinction events and the plant fossil record. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 22, 548-557. [Web of Science]

  • Medlin, L. K., Sáez, A. G. & Young, J. R., 2008. A molecular clock for coccolithophores and implications for selectivity of phytoplankton extinctions across the K/T boundary. Marine Micropaleontology 67, 69-86. [Web of Science]

  • Meredith, R. W., Janecka, J. E., Gatesy, J., Ryder, O. A., Fisher, C. A., Teeling, E. C., Goodbla, A., Eizirik, E., Simao, T. L. L., Stadler, T., Rabosky, D. L., Honeycutt, R. L., Flynn, J. J., Ingram, C. M., Steiner, C., Williams, T. L., Robinson, T. J., Burk-Herrick, A., Westerman, M., Ayoub, N. A., Springer, M. S. & Murphy, W. J., 2011. Impacts of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution and KPg Extinction on Mammal Diversification. Science 334, 521-524. [Web of Science]

  • Moldowan J. M., Dahl, J., Huizinga, B. J., Fago, F. J., Hickey, L. J., Peakman, T. M. & Taylor, D. W., 1984. The molecular fossil record of oleanane and its relation to Angiosperms. Science 265, 768-771.

  • Ogg, J. G., Ogg, G. & Gradstein, F. M., 2008. The concise geologic time scale. Cambridge University Press (Cambridge), 177 pp.

  • Philippe, M., Barale, G., Gomez, B., Guignard, G. & Thévenard, F., 1999. Paléodiversifications de flores terrestres phanérozoïques. GeoBios 32, 325-331.

  • Philippe, M., Gomeza, B., Girard, V., Coiffard, C., Daviero-Gomez, V., Thévenard, F., Billon-Bruyat, J.-P., Guiomard, M., Latil, J.-L., Le Loeuff, J., Neraudeau, D., Olivero, D. & Schlögl, J., 2008. Woody or not woody? Evidence for early angiosperm habit from the Early Cretaceous fossil wood record of Europe. Palaeoworld 17, 142-152.

  • Prothero, D. R., 1992. Punctuated equilibrium at twenty: a paleontological perspective. Skeptic 1, 38-47.

  • Quental, T. & Marshall, C. R., 2010. Diversity dynamics: molecular phylogenies need the fossil record. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 25, 434-441.

  • Raup, D. W. & Sepkoski, J. J., 1982. Mass extinctions in the marine fossil record. Science 215, 1501-1503. [Web of Science]

  • Russell, D. A., 2009. Islands in the cosmos - the evolution of life on land. Indiana University Press (Bloomington), 453 pp.

  • Sepkoski, J. J., Jr., 1986. Phanerozoic overview of mass extinctions. [In:] D. M. Raup & D. Jablonski (Eds): Patterns and processes in the history of life. Springer (Berlin), 277-295.

  • Sepkoski, J. J., Jr. & Raup, D. M., 1986. Periodicity in marine extinction events. [In:] D. K. Elliott (Ed.): Dynamics of extinction. John Wiley (New York), 3-36.

  • Smith, A. B., 2001. Large-scale heterogeneity of the fossil record: implications for Phanerozoic biodiversity studies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 356, 351-367.

  • Smith, A. B. & Peterson, K. J., 2002. Dating the time of origin of major clades: molecular clocks and the fossil record. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 30, 65-88.

  • Smith, A. B., Gale, A. S. & Monks, N. E. A., 2001. Sea-level change and rock-record bias in the Cretaceous: a problem for extinction and biodiversity studies. Paleobiology 27, 241-253.

  • Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. E., Endress, P. K. & Chase, M. W., 2005. Phylogeny and evolution of angiosperms. Sinauer Associates (Sunderland), 370 pp.

  • Taylor, D. W., Li, H., Dahl, J., Fago, F. J., Zinniker, D. & Moldowan, J. M., 2006. Biogeochemical evidence for the presence of the angiosperm molecular fossil oleanane Paleozoic and Mesozoic non-angiospermous fossils. Paleobiology 32, 179-190.

  • Tshudy, R. H. & Tshudy, B. D., 1986. Extinction and survival of plant life following the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary event, Western Interior, North America. Geology 14, 667-670.

  • Vajda, V. & McLoughlin, S., 2007. Extinction and recovery patterns of the vegetation across the Cretaceous-Palaeogene boundary - a tool for unravelling the causes of the end-Permian mass-extinction. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 144, 99-112. [Web of Science]

  • Vajda, V., Raine, J. I. & Hollis, C. J., 2001. Indication of global deforestation at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary by New Zealand fern spike. Science 294, 1700-1702.

  • Wilf, P. & Johnson, K. R., 2004. Land plant extinction at the end of the Cretaceous: a quantitative analysis of the North Dakota megafloral record. Paleobiology 30, 347-368.


Published Online: 2012-04-06

Published in Print: 2012-03-01


Citation Information: Geologos. Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 37–42, ISSN (Online) 2080-6574, ISSN (Print) 1426-8981, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10118-012-0003-3, April 2012

This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Federico Fanti, Tetsuto Miyashita, Luigi Cantelli, Fawsi Mnasri, Jihed Dridi, Michela Contessi, and Andrea Cau
Cretaceous Research, 2016
[2]
Jowita Drohojowska and Jacek Szwedo
Cretaceous Research, 2015, Volume 52, Page 368

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.