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Macedonian Veterinary Review

The Journal of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine-Skopje at the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje

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Presence of Trypanosome Species and Anemic Status of Dogs in Zuru, Nigeria

Rafi Rabecca Tono
  • Zonal Veterinary Clinic, Zuru Kebbi State, Nigeria
/ Olufemi Oladayo Faleke
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria
/ Alhaji Magaji
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria
/ Musbaudeen Olayinka Alayande
  • Department of Veterinary Entomology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria
/ Akinyemi Olaposi Fajinmi
  • Nigeria Institute of Trypanosomosis and Onchocerciasis Research, Kaduna, Nigeria
/ Emmanuel Busayo Ibitoye
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Theriogenology and Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria
  • Email:
Published Online: 2015-11-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.14432/j.macvetrev.2015.09.053


The aim of this research is to study the presence and prevalence of trypanosome species in local dogs between January and July, 2010 in the Zuru area of Kebbi State, Nigeria.Standard trypanosome detection methods comprising of wet blood films, thin films and microhaematocrit centrifugation technique were used to detect trypanosomes; while the degree of anemia was determined through the use of FAMACHA® eye colour chart and packed cell volume values. A total of 567 dogs were enumerated in fourteen locations within the study area out of which 192 (33.7%) were randomly examined and 4 (2.08%) were positive for the presence of trypanosomes. All positive samples morphologically belong to the Trypanosoma brucei group. The obtained PCV values showed that 50 (26.04%) dogs were anemic, while the FAMACHA® detected anemia status of varying degrees in 104 (77%) sampled dogs.These findings are significant as this is the first time that the trypanosome infection will be reported in dogs from the study area. This study establishes the presence of Trypanosoma brucei group in the study area, which is of zoonotic and economic importance.

Keywords: anemia; dogs; Nigeria; trypanosomes; Zuru


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About the article

Received: 2015-05-09

Revised: 2015-07-14

Accepted: 2015-08-15

Published Online: 2015-11-18

Published in Print: 2015-10-01

Citation Information: Macedonian Veterinary Review, ISSN (Online) 1857-7415, DOI: https://doi.org/10.14432/j.macvetrev.2015.09.053. Export Citation

© 2015. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

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