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Volume 78, Issue 4


Comparison of the terrestriality of Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus) between tourist and wild sites in the region of Ouzoud, Morocco

Abderrazak El Alami
  • Corresponding author
  • Laboratory of Pharmacology, Faculty of Sciences, Neurobiology and Behaviour, Semlalia, University of Caddy Ayyad, Boulevard Prince My Abdellah, BP 2390, 40000 Marrakech, Morocco
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  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Abderrahman Chait
  • Laboratory of Pharmacology, Faculty of Sciences, Neurobiology and Behaviour, Semlalia, University of Caddy Ayyad, Boulevard Prince My Abdellah, BP 2390, 40000 Marrakech, Morocco
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-12-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2013-0061


We collected data on the terrestriality of two groups of Barbary macaques over a 7-month period: one group lived in a tourist site, while the other group lived in a wild site. The habitats of the study sites were classified similarly, but the tourist site is the only location where tourist and commercial activities take place. The present study indicates that the availability of human food and strong human disturbance can have a significant effect on the terrestrial behavior of the species. The two groups did not differ in the proportion of daily records devoted to terrestrial feeding, but the tourist group spent a significantly lower percentage of daily records in terrestrial foraging, moving and resting, while performing more terrestrial aggressive displays than the wild group. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the proportion of terrestrial feeding on fruits; however, the tourist group had lower daily percentages of terrestrial feeding on leaves, seeds and acorns, roots and barks, and herbs, while it spent higher daily percentages of terrestrial feeding on human food.

Keywords: Barbary macaque; human food; terrestrial behavior; tourist habitat


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About the article

Corresponding author: Abderrazak El Alami, Faculty of Sciences, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behaviour, Semlalia, University of Caddy Ayyad, Boulevard Prince My Abdellah, BP 2390, 40000 Marrakech, Morocco, e-mail:

Received: 2013-04-11

Accepted: 2013-11-20

Published Online: 2013-12-21

Published in Print: 2014-11-01

Citation Information: Mammalia, Volume 78, Issue 4, Pages 539–542, ISSN (Online) 1864-1547, ISSN (Print) 0025-1461, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2013-0061.

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