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Volume 73, Issue 1 (Mar 2009)


Distributional and ecological review of the four horned antelope, Tetracerus quadricornis

Yarlagadda Chaitanya Krishna
  • Present address: #927, 3rd ‘B’ Cross, 9th Main, H.R.B.R. Layout, Kalyan Nagar (PO), Bangalore, 560043, Karnataka, India.
    1Post Graduate Program in Wildlife Biology and Conservation, National Center for Biological Sciences, G.K.V.K., Bangalore, 560 065, India and Wildlife Conservation Society, India Program, Center for Wildlife Studies, #1669, 31st Cross, 16th Main, Banashankari 2nd Stage, Bangalore, 560 070, India
/ Peter J. Clyne
  • 2Wildlife Conservation Society, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, NY 10460-1099, USA
/ Jagdish Krishnaswamy
  • 3Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment (ATREE), #659, 5th ‘A’ Main, Hebbal, Bangalore, 560 024, India
/ Narayanarao Samba Kumar
  • 4Wildlife Conservation Society, India Program, Center for Wildlife Studies, #1669, 31st Cross, 16th Main, Banashankari 2nd Stage, Bangalore, 560 070, India
Published Online: 2009-01-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/MAMM.2009.003


The four horned antelope is endemic to the Indian subcontinent. It is a solitary species which occurs in open deciduous forests at low densities and is currently reported from 104 and 3 sites in India and Nepal, respectively. Primarily a browser and concentrate feeder, it is not as dependent on water as previously suggested. Habitat loss is listed as a major threat, but observations suggest that its abundance and distribution is considerably affected by habitat changes due to local and landscape level factors. This antelope has been the subject of little scientific and conservation attention. There is an immediate need for surveys assessing its present distribution and studies identifying habitat correlates that influence its occurrence and abundance.

Keywords: conservation; ecology; endemic; distribution; India

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Published Online: 2009-01-19

Published in Print: 2009-03-01

Citation Information: mammalia, ISSN (Online) 1864-1547, ISSN (Print) 0025-1461, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/MAMM.2009.003. Export Citation

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