Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Mammalia

Editor-in-Chief: Denys, Christiane

6 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.714
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.816

CiteScore 2017: 0.82

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.433
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.603

Online
ISSN
1864-1547
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 79, Issue 4

Issues

Distribution and taxonomy of the common big-eared bat Micronycteris microtis (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in South America

Ligiane Martins Moras
  • Corresponding author
  • Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Cx. Postal 486, CEP 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Augusto Milagres e Gomes
  • Departamento de Biologia Geral, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Cx. Postal 486, CEP 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Valéria da Cunha Tavares
  • Programa de Pós Graduação em Genética, Conservação e Biologia Evolutiva, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Cx. Postal 2223, CEP 69080-971, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-12-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2014-0057

Abstract

Understanding the distribution of the common big-eared bat Micronycteris microtis has been constrained by difficulties in mapping characters that securely differentiate it from its congener, Micronycteris megalotis. We studied individuals of dark-bellied Micronycteris from several localities in northern and southeastern Brazil and tested the consistency of characters traditionally used in their differentiation. Characters that separate M. microtis from M. megalotis are the ear length, the fur at the leading edge of the pinna length, and the dorsal fur length. On the basis of our revised identifications, we confirm the occurrence of M. microtis in southeastern Brazil, and provide new records from localities nested in the Cerrado/Atlantic forest transition area of the state of Minas Gerais, and in the Amazonian forests of the northeastern and northwestern, states of Pará and Rondônia. M. microtis is now known to occur sympatrically with M. megalotis in four Amazonian localities. M. microtis used iron ore caves from Carajás, Pará, northern Brazil, and the Serra da Moeda and Serra do Rola Moça State Park, Minas Gerais, southern Brazil, whereas sympatric M. megalotis did not in both locations. Moreover, M. microtis from the lower Xingu River used small caves formed by rock outcrops to roost.

Keywords: bat roosts; dark-bellied Micronycteris; iron ore caves; neotropics; range extension

References

  • Bergallo, H.G., A.S. Carvalho and F.M. Hatano. 2012. Médios e grandes mamíferos. In: (F.D. Martins, A.F. Castilho, J. Campos, F.M. Hatano and S.G. Rolin, eds.) Fauna da Floresta Nacional de Carajás: estudos sobre vertebrados terrestres. Nitro editorial, São Paulo, Brazil. pp. 180–195.Google Scholar

  • Bernard, E., L.M.S. Aguiar and R.B. Machado. 2011. Discovering the Brazilian bat fauna: a task for two centuries? Mammal. Rev. 41: 23–39.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Bolzan, D.P., E.C. Lourenço, L.M. Costa, J.L. Luz, T.J. Nogueira, D. Dias, C.E.L. Esbérard and A.L. Peracchi. 2010. Morcegos da região da costa verde e adjacências, litoral sul do estado do Rio de Janeiro. Chiropt. Neotrop. 16: 585–594.Google Scholar

  • Dempster, A.P., N.M. Laird and D.B. Rubin. 1977. Maximum likelihood estimation from incomplete data via the EM algorithm. J. R. Stat. Soc. 39: 1–38.Google Scholar

  • Dias, D. and A.L. Peracchi. 2008. Quirópteros da Reserva Biológica do Tinguá, estado do Rio de Janeiro, sudeste do Brasil (Mammalia: Chiroptera). Rev. Bras. Zool. 25: 333–369.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dias, D., S.N. Pereira, A.C.S. Maas, M.A. Martins, D.P. Bolzan and A.L. Peracchi. 2010. Quirópteros das regiões Centro-Sul e Médio Paraíba do estado do Rio de Janeiro (Mammalia, Chiroptera). Chiropt. Neotrop. 16: 579–585.Google Scholar

  • Díaz, M.M. and R.M. Barquez. 2009. Primer registro de Micronycteris microtis (Phyllostomidae, Phyllostominae) para la Argentina. Chiropt. Neotrop. 15: 461–465.Google Scholar

  • Emmons, L.H. 1998. Fauna de mamíferos del Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado. In: (T.J. Killen and T.S. Schulenberg, eds.) A biological assessment of Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado, Bolivia. RAP Working Papers 10, Conserv. Intern., Washington, DC. pp. 53–88.Google Scholar

  • Faria, D., B. Soares-Santos and E. Sampaio 2006. Bats from the Atlantic rainforest of southern Bahia, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 6: 1–13.Google Scholar

  • Ferreira, R.L. 2005. A vida subterrânea nos campos ferruginosos. O Carste. 3: 106–115.Google Scholar

  • Fonseca, R.M., S.R. Hoofer, C.A. Porter, C.A. Cline, D.A. Parish, F.G. Hoffmann and R.J. Baker. 2007. Morphological and molecular variation within little big-eared bats of the genus Micronycteris (Phyllostomidae: Micronycterinae) from San Lorenzo, Ecuador. In: (D.A. Kelt, E.P. Lessa, J. Salazar-Bravo and J.L. Patton, eds.) The quintessential naturalist: honoring the life and legacy of Oliver P. Pearson. University of California Publications in Zoology. 134, pp. 721–746.Google Scholar

  • Gettinger, D., N. Ardente and F.M. Hatano. 2012. Pequenos mamíferos. In: (F.D. Martins, A.F. Castilho, J. Campos, F.M. Hatano and S.G. Rolin, eds.) Fauna da Floresta Nacional de Carajás: estudos sobre vertebrados terrestres. Nitro editorial, São Paulo, Brazil. pp. 144–161.Google Scholar

  • Gomes, L.A.C., A.S. Pires, M.A. Martins, E.C. Lourenço and A.L. Peracchi. 2014. Species composition and seasonal variation in abundance of Phyllostomidae bats (Chiroptera) in an Atlantic Forest remnant, southeastern Brazil. Mammalia. 78: 1–8.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Hammer, O., D.A.T. Harper and P.D. Ryan. 2001. PAST: paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontol. Electron. 41: 1–9.Google Scholar

  • Handley, C.O., Jr. 1976. Mammals of the Smithsonian Venezuelan Project. Brigham Young Univ. Sci. Bull., Biol. Ser. 20: 1–89.Google Scholar

  • Kalka, M. and E.K.V. Kalko. 2006. Gleaning bats as underestimated predators of herbivorous insects: diet of Micronycteris microtis (Phyllostomidae) in Panama. J. Trop. Ecol. 2: 1–10.Google Scholar

  • Larsen, P.A., L. Siles, S.C. Pedersen, and G.G. Kwiecinski. 2011. A new species of Micronycteris (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from Saint Vincent, Lesser Antilles. Mammal. Biol. 76: 687–700.Google Scholar

  • Lim, B.K. and V.C. Tavares. 2012. Review of species richness and biogeography of bats (Chiroptera) from the Guiana subregion of South America with comments on conservation. Ecotropica 18: 105–118.Google Scholar

  • Lim, B.K., M.D. Engstrom, R.M. Timm, R.P. Anderson and L.C. Watson. 1999. First records of 10 bat species in Guyana and comments on diversity of bats in Iwokrama Forest. Acta Chiropterol. 1: 179–190.Google Scholar

  • Martins, A.C.M., E. Bernard, R. Gregorin and W.A.S. Silva. 2011. Filling data gaps on the diversity and distribution of Amazonian bats (Chiroptera): the case of Amapá, easternmost Brazil. Zoologia. 28: 177–185.Google Scholar

  • Minitab. 1991. Minitab Reference Manual (Release 10.1). Minitab Inc., State College, PA.Google Scholar

  • Morcatty, T.Q., H.R. El Bizri, H.C.S. Carneiro, R.L. Biasizzo, C.R.O. Alméri, E.S. Silva, F.H.G. Rodrigues and J.E.C. Figueira. 2013. Habitat loss and mammalian extinction patterns: are the reserves in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero, southeastern Brazil, effective in conserving mammals? Ecol. Res. 1–13.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Pedro, W.A., F.C. Passos and B.K. Lim. 2001. Morcegos (Chiroptera; Mammalia) da Estação Ecológica dos Caetetus, estado de São Paulo. Chiropt. Neotrop. 7: 136–140.Google Scholar

  • Peracchi, A.L., M.R. Nogueira and I.P. Lima. 2011. Novos achegos à lista dos quirópteros do município de Linhares, estado do Espírito Santo, sudeste do Brasil (Mammalia, Chiroptera). Chiropt. Neotrop. 17: 842–852.Google Scholar

  • Piló, L.B. and A.S. Auler. 2005. Cavernas em minério de ferro e canga de Capão Xavier, Quadrilátero Ferrífero, MG. O Carste 3: 92–105.Google Scholar

  • Porter, C.A., S.R. Hoofer, C.A. Cline, F.G. Hoffman and R.J. Baker. 2007. Molecular phylogenetics of the phyllostomid bat genus Micronycteris with descriptions of two new subgenera. J. Mammal. 88: 1205–1215.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Rex, K., D.H. Kelm, K. Wiesner, T.H. Kunz and C.C. Voigt. 2008. Species richness and structure of three Neotropical bat assemblages. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 94: 617–629.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Sampaio, E.M., E.K.V. Kalko, E. Bernard, B. Rodríguez-Herrera and C.O.A. Handley-Jr. 2003. Biodiversity assessment of bats (Chiroptera) in a tropical lowland of central Amazonia, including methodological and conservation considerations. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna E. 38: 17–31.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Siles, L., D.M. Brooks, H. Aranibar, T. Tarifa, M.R.J. Vargas, J.M. Rojas and R.J. Baker. 2013. A new species of Micronycteris (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from Bolivia. J. Mammal. 94: 881–896.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Simmons, G.C. 1963. Canga caves in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Natl. Speleol. Soc. Bull. 25: 66–72.Google Scholar

  • Simmons, N.B. 1996. A new species of Micronycteris (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from northeastern Brazil, with comments on phylogenetic relationships. Am. Mus. Novit. 3158: 1–34.Google Scholar

  • Simmons, N.B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: (D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder, eds.) Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. 3rd ed. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD. pp. 312–529.Google Scholar

  • Simmons, N.B. and R.S. Voss. 1998. The mammals of Paracou, French Guiana: a Neotropical lowland rainforest fauna. Part 1. Bats. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 237: 1–219.Google Scholar

  • Simmons, N.B., R.S. Voss and D.W. Fleck. 2002. A new Amazonian species of Micronycteris (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) with notes on the roosting behavior of sympatric congeners. Am. Mus. Novit. 3358: 1–14.Google Scholar

  • Tavares, V.C., C.F.S. Palmuti, R. Gregorin and T.T. Dornas. 2012. Morcegos. In: (F.D. Martins, A.F. Castilho, J. Campos, F.M. Hatano and S.G. Rolin, eds.) Fauna da Floresta Nacional de Carajás: estudos sobre vertebrados terrestres. Nitro editorial, São Paulo, Brazil. pp. 162–179.Google Scholar

  • Williams, S.L. and H.H. Genoways. 2008 [2007]. Subfamily Phyllostominae. In: (A.L. Gardner, ed.) Mammals of South America. Vol. 1. Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews and bats. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. pp. 255–299.Google Scholar

  • World Monuments Fund. 2013 Watch sites. http://www.wmf.org/project/serra-da-moeda. Accessed October 15, 2013.

About the article

Corresponding author: Ligiane Martins Moras, Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Cx. Postal 486, CEP 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, e-mail:


Received: 2014-04-14

Accepted: 2014-10-22

Published Online: 2014-12-20

Published in Print: 2015-11-01


Citation Information: Mammalia, Volume 79, Issue 4, Pages 439–447, ISSN (Online) 1864-1547, ISSN (Print) 0025-1461, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2014-0057.

Export Citation

©2015 by De Gruyter.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Adrià López-Baucells, Ricardo Rocha, Valéria Da Cunha Tavares, Ligiane Martins Moras, Sara Ema Silva, Paulo Estefano Dineli Bobrowiec, and Christoph F.J. Meyer
Tropical Zoology, 2017, Page 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in