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Volume 80, Issue 1


First confirmed records of two bat species for Iraq: Rhinolophus euryale and Myotis emarginatus (Chiroptera)

Omar F. Al-Sheikhly
  • Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Al-Jaderyia Campus, Baghdad, Iraq
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/ Mukhtar K. Haba
  • Department of Biology, College of Science for Women, University of Baghdad, Al-Jaderyia Campus, Baghdad, Iraq
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/ Tamás Görföl
  • Institute for Veterinary Medical Research, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungária krt. 21, Budapest H-1143, Hungary
  • Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Baross utca 13, Budapest H-1088, Hungary
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/ Gábor Csorba
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Baross utca 13, Budapest H-1088, Hungary
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Published Online: 2015-01-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2014-0098


Based on a cave survey, we present the first substantiated data of two bat species from Iraq. Both Mediterranean horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus euryale) and Geoffroy’s bat (Myotis emarginatus) were mentioned in the earlier literature, although none of them was accepted and listed by subsequent authors. We overview the controversial history of the Mediterranean and Mehely’s horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus mehelyi) records, provide details of the diagnostic characters of vouchered specimens of the former species, and present photographic evidence of the presence of Geoffroy’s bat. Both species are rare in the Middle East, and the territory of Iraq was a gap in their distribution.

Keywords: country record; underground site; wild mammals


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About the article

Corresponding author: Gábor Csorba, Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Baross utca 13, Budapest H-1088, Hungary, e-mail:

Received: 2014-06-25

Accepted: 2014-12-04

Published Online: 2015-01-10

Published in Print: 2016-01-01

Citation Information: Mammalia, Volume 80, Issue 1, Pages 111–115, ISSN (Online) 1864-1547, ISSN (Print) 0025-1461, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2014-0098.

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