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Mammalia

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Volume 81, Issue 3 (May 2017)

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Seasonality and habitat influence on bat assemblage structure in an urban Atlantic Forest remnant from Southeastern Brazil

Roberto Leonan M. Novaes
  • Corresponding author
  • Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz Mata Atlântica. Estrada Rodrigues Caldas, 3400, 22713-375, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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/ Renan F. Souza
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Evolução, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Av. São Francisco Xavier, 524, 20550-013, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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/ Saulo Felix
  • Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Pasteur, 458, 22290-240, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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/ André C. Siqueira
  • Faculdade de Formação de Professores, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Dr. Francisco Portela, 1470, 24434-005, São Gonçalo, RJ, Brazil
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/ Rafael S. Laurindo
  • Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Campus Universitário, CEP 37200-000, Lavras, MG, Brazil
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/ Luis Fernando Menezes Jr.
  • Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR 465, km 47, CEP 23890-000, Seropédica, RJ, Brazil
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/ Julie T. Shapiro
  • School of Natural Resources and the Environment, Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, 110 Newins-Ziegler Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
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Published Online: 2016-05-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2015-0115

Abstract

The Brazilian Atlantic Forest is a severely threatened biodiversity hotspot and many remnants exist only as fragments. In order to understand how bat assemblage structure within a forest fragment surrounded by an urban matrix might respond to seasonality and different habitats, we sampled bats over 39 nights in the forest fragment of Gericinó-Mendanha Massif, Rio de Janeiro State. From February 2006 to January 2010, we captured 874 bats, belonging to 25 species and eight different feeding guilds. Frugivorous species were the most abundant, representing 83.33% of captures, and the gleaning insectivores were the least abundant (1.47%). We did not find changes in bat species composition between seasons, although capture rate was higher in the rainy season. However, we did find significant differences in species abundance between seasons. The habitat influence did not significantly differentiate the assemblages, but species richness was higher in the mature ombrophilous forest. The community composition indicates that this conservation unit is an important remaining fragment for maintaining the diversity and richness of bats, although it is possible that historical processes of environmental exploitation have already resulted in a loss of species.

Keywords: bat community; Chiroptera; Neotropics; seasonal variation; trophic guild

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About the article

Received: 2015-07-03

Accepted: 2016-04-13

Published Online: 2016-05-24

Published in Print: 2017-05-01


Citation Information: Mammalia, ISSN (Online) 1864-1547, ISSN (Print) 0025-1461, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2015-0115.

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