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Volume 82, Issue 1


An SEM image reference guide to hairs of 12 species of large African mammals

Shelby Wade
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Biology, Western Kentucky University, 1906 College Heights Boulevard, Bowling Green, KY 42101, USA
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/ Michael Stokes
  • Department of Biology, Western Kentucky University, 1906 College Heights Boulevard, Bowling Green, KY 42101, USA
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/ Craig Spencer
Published Online: 2017-02-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2016-0053


We developed a pictorial atlas of 52 scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of hairs found on 12 mammalian game species commonly found in the South African lowveld. Guard hairs were taken from the dorsoscapular, scapular, sternal, or axillary regions of each animal; and bristle hairs, if present, were collected from the manes of animals of each species. These images, along with other diagnostic features of hairs, can be used as an identification system. Such a system is useful for ecological studies where identifying animal remains is necessary.

Keywords: African wildlife; cuticle scale patterns; hair; pictorial atlas; SEM


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About the article

Received: 2016-04-26

Accepted: 2016-12-23

Published Online: 2017-02-21

Published in Print: 2017-12-20

Citation Information: Mammalia, Volume 82, Issue 1, Pages 12–22, ISSN (Online) 1864-1547, ISSN (Print) 0025-1461, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2016-0053.

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