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Mammalia

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Volume 82, Issue 3

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Postnatal growth, wing development and age estimations in the Mediterranean horseshoe bat Rhinolophus euryale (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae) in Kerend cave, western Iran

Hojjat Eghbali
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Razi University, Baghabrisham, 6714967346, Kermanshah, Iran
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/ Saeed Shahabi
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Razi University, Baghabrisham, 6714967346, Kermanshah, Iran
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/ Nargess Najafi
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Razi University, Baghabrisham, 6714967346, Kermanshah, Iran
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/ Robab Mehdizadeh
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Razi University, Baghabrisham, 6714967346, Kermanshah, Iran
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/ Shetav Yousefi
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Razi University, Baghabrisham, 6714967346, Kermanshah, Iran
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/ Mozafar Sharifi
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Razi University, Baghabrisham, 6714967346, Kermanshah, Iran
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Published Online: 2017-08-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2017-0006

Abstract

We quantified postnatal changes in body mass, length of forearm, length of total gap of the fourth metacarpal-phalangeal joint and changes in wing morphology, including the wingspan, wing area, handwing length, handwing area, armwing length, armwing area, aspect ratio and wing loading in Rhinolophus euryale in a maternity roost in Kerend cave, western Iran. Mean body mass of pups increased linearly until 23 days, when they achieved 74.29% of the mean mass of adult females (11.28±0.74 g, n=12). Rates of body mass gain and forearm growth during the early stage of postnatal growth were 0.36 g/day and 1.41 mm/day, respectively. Length of epiphyseal gap increased during the first 3 weeks and subsequently followed by a linear decrease until day 70 when it closed. Wing characteristics increased linearly until the age of the first flight, after which growth rates significantly declined (all p<0.05). Wing loading decreased linearly (−0.09 Nm−2/day) until 36 days of age and thereafter increased to a maximum of 6.56±0.30 Nm−2 at 80 days of age. We compare our results with data obtained from close-related bat species, particularly Rhinolophus mehelyi previously studied in a nearby area.

Keywords: age estimation; postnatal growth; Rhinolophus euryale; wing development

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About the article

Received: 2017-01-16

Accepted: 2017-07-13

Published Online: 2017-08-28

Published in Print: 2018-04-25


Citation Information: Mammalia, Volume 82, Issue 3, Pages 276–287, ISSN (Online) 1864-1547, ISSN (Print) 0025-1461, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2017-0006.

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