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Mammalia

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Volume 79, Issue 3

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Three-dimensional dental microwear texture analysis and diet in extant Suidae (Mammalia: Cetartiodactyla)

Antoine Souron
  • Corresponding author
  • Human Evolution Research Center, University of California, Berkeley, 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building, Berkeley, CA 94720-3160, USA
  • Institut de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine: Évolution et Paléoenvironnements Université Poitiers – UFR SFA, IPHEP – UMR CNRS 7262, Bât. B35 – TSA 51106, 6 rue Michel Brunet, 86073 Poitiers Cedex 9, France
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  • Institut de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine: Évolution et Paléoenvironnements Université Poitiers – UFR SFA, IPHEP – UMR CNRS 7262, Bât. B35 – TSA 51106, 6 rue Michel Brunet, 86073 Poitiers Cedex 9, France
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Published Online: 2014-08-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2014-0023

Abstract

We investigated the dietary differences among four extant suid genera using 3D dental microwear texture analysis on the enamel surfaces of molar shearing facets. We tested the differences among four taxa for four variables: complexity, anisotropy, and heterogeneity at two scales. This enabled us to distinguish omnivorous taxa (Sus scrofa and Potamochoerus sp.) from herbivorous ones (Phacochoerus africanus and Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) in terms of complexity. Heterogeneity likely distinguishes the suids displaying specialized diets (homogenous surfaces in the grazer Ph. africanus) from the more generalized suids (heterogeneous surfaces in the omnivorous S. scrofa and Potamochoerus sp., and mixed feeder herbivorous H. meinertzhageni). This study represents the first step toward a better comprehension of the diet and ecology of extant and fossil suids and also puts forward new hypotheses to be tested, especially on the effects of rootling behavior.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: feeding ecology; mammals; rootling; Suidae; tooth abrasion

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About the article

Corresponding authors: Antoine Souron, Human Evolution Research Center, University of California, Berkeley, 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building, Berkeley, CA 94720-3160, USA, e-mail: , ; and Institut de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine: Évolution et Paléoenvironnements Université Poitiers – UFR SFA, IPHEP – UMR CNRS 7262, Bât. B35– TSA 51106, 6 rue Michel Brunet, 86073 Poitiers Cedex 9, France; and Gildas Merceron Institut de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine: Évolution et Paléoenvironnements Université Poitiers – UFR SFA, IPHEP – UMR CNRS 7262, Bât. B35 – TSA 51106, 6 rue Michel Brunet, 86073 Poitiers Cedex 9, France, e-mail:


Received: 2014-02-23

Accepted: 2014-07-03

Published Online: 2014-08-06

Published in Print: 2015-08-01


Citation Information: Mammalia, Volume 79, Issue 3, Pages 279–291, ISSN (Online) 1864-1547, ISSN (Print) 0025-1461, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2014-0023.

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