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Mammalia

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Density of leopards (Panthera pardus kotiya) in Horton Plains National Park in the Central Highlands of Sri Lanka

Andrew M. Kittle / Anjali C. Watson
Published Online: 2017-05-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2016-0139

Abstract

Quantitative ecological data needs to inform management of the endangered, endemic Sri Lankan leopard. Estimating habitat-specific leopard density and prey availability provides important baselines and improved understanding of the island-wide population. We used remote cameras in a spatially explicit capture-recapture framework to estimate leopard density (11.7 adult individuals/100 km2) and distance sampling to estimate prey density, within Horton Plains National Park. Sambar density was 178/km2 within the central grasslands, which represent a spatially anchored resource for sambar and in turn, a highly clumped, abundant resource for leopards. This study represents the first robust estimate of leopard density in Sri Lanka’s montane zone.

Keywords: camera traps; density; leopard; spatially explicit capture recapture; Sri Lanka

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About the article

Received: 2016-09-20

Accepted: 2017-03-29

Published Online: 2017-05-11


Citation Information: Mammalia, ISSN (Online) 1864-1547, ISSN (Print) 0025-1461, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2016-0139.

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