In real world, most physical systems are nonlinear and many researchers have been seeking the effective approaches to control nonlinear systems. Among these, there are growing interests in Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy model based control [1, 2]. It has been proved that T-S fuzzy models can be used to approximate a wider class of nonlinear system, which are realized by piecewise smoothly connecting a family of local linear models with fuzzy membership functions. This “blending” makes the subsystems of T-S fuzzy model similar to linear systems, and the fruitful results of linear system theories can be directly applied for the stability analysis and synthesis of nonlinear systems [3–7]. A great repercussion of T-S fuzzy models can be verified in many practical fuzzy model based control systems (see, for instance, [8–14] and references therein).
Due to an increasing demand for higher performances, the random noises and uncertainties commonly exist in practical control systems , where various system components such as actuators and sensors may be subjected to unexpected failures during their operation. The effects caused by these failures require appropriate compensation to ensure the system reliability and safety. For this purpose, research into fault estimation (FE) and fault-tolerant control (FTC) for T-S fuzzy systems (TSFSs) has been carried out for many years [16–20]. Since measuring all of the internal states of physical systems may be difficult and costly, and only their outputs are available for control purpose, output feedback T-S fuzzy controllers were preferred. Especially, in , an unknown input observer with disturbancedecoupling ability is designed to perform actuator fault detection for discrete-time TSFSs. Bouarar et al.  study the problem of FTC by trajectory tracking for uncertain nonlinear system described by Takagi-Sugeno models, where the considered faults are constant, exponential or polynomial. In , a robust fault-tolerant controller based on static output-feedback controller design approach is developed to solve the problem of a robust fault estimation and FTC for vehicle lateral dynamics subject to external disturbance and unknown sensor faults. However, the robust FTC based on dynamic output feedback for T-S fuzzy systems has not been studied adequately.
On the other hand, it is well known that time delays are frequently encountered in various engineering and communication systems, and a time delay in dynamical system is often a primary source of instability and performance degradation. Therefore, it is important to develop FE and FTC methods for TSFSs with time delays [21–27]. More recently, in literature , a fuzzy descriptor learning observer is constructed to achieve simultaneous reconstruction of system states and actuator faults for T-S fuzzy descriptor systems with time delays. By constructing a virtual tracking model,  deals with the output tracking control problem for a class of continuous-time markovian jump systems with time-varying delay and actuator faults. Based on the (k – 1)th fault estimation information, a k-step fault estimation observer is proposed to estimate the actuator fault of time delay TSFSs in . By utilizing the input delay approach, literature  deals with the robust fault tolerant controller design of networked control systems with state delay and stochastic actuator failures. In , based on a multiple Lyapunov functions and the slack variables, fault tolerant saturated control problem for discrete-time T-S fuzzy systems with delay is studied. In , the adaptive fault estimation problem is studied for a class of T-S fuzzy stochastic markovian jumping systems with time delays and nonlinear parameters. It should be pointed out that the type of time delay considered in all the aforementioned works is constant τ(t) = τ or 0 < τ (t) < τ, the lower bound of delay is restricted to 0, which is not more general. The interval time-varying delay, 0 < τ 1 ≤ τ(t) ≤ τ 2, has been identified from many practical systems, especially the networked control systems. However, the delay-dependent fault estimation conditions proposed in [21–27] fail to give a feasible solution. Therefore, based on the above analysis and discussion, by using dynamic output feedback control scheme to solve the problem of robust FTC for TSFSs with actuator faults and interval time-varying delays is a meaningful research and motivates our study.
The aim of this paper is to develop a fault-tolerant controller design scheme for a class of TSFSs subject to interval time delays and external disturbances. The basic idea is to construct a n-steps augmented system by taking the fault as auxiliary disturbance vector, and design a fault estimation observer based on improved delay partitioning approach. Then, utilizing the online fault estimation information, a fuzzy dynamic output feedback fault-tolerant controller is designed to compensate for the impact of actuator faults. The main contribution of this paper lies in the following aspects.
By using improved delay partitioning approach, a novel n-steps iterative learning fuzzy fault estimation observer under H ∞ performance constraint is constructed to achieve the estimation of actuator faults, and the less conservative sufficient conditions for the existence of observer are explicitly provided.
A new type of fuzzy dynamic output feedback fault-tolerant controller considered interval time delay is designed to guarantee that the closed-loop system is asymptotically stable with the prescribed H ∞ performance.
All obtained sufficient conditions for the existence of observer and controller are formulated in terms of strictly LMIs. Compared with the existing results, the proposed design schemes are with less conservative and wider application range, simulation examples demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approaches.
The rest of this paper is organized as follows. The system description and problem formulations are presented in Section 2. Section 3 presents the main results on robust fault estimation observer and fault-tolerant controller design scheme. In Section 4, simulation results of numerical example are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness and merits of the proposed methods. Finally, Section 5 concludes the paper.
Notations: Throughout the paper, Rn denotes the n-dimensional real Euclidean space; I denotes the identity matrix; the superscripts “T” and “-1” stand for the matrix transpose and inverse, respectively; notation X > 0 (X ≥ 0) means that matrix X is real symmetric positive definite (positive semi-definite); || · || is the spectral norm. If not explicitly stated, all matrices are assumed to have compatible dimensions for algebraic operations. The symbol “ * ” stands for matrix block induced by symmetry.
2 Problem formulation
Consider a nonlinear system which can be represented by the following extended T-S fuzzy time-delay model with exogenous disturbance and actuator faults simultaneously.
Plant rule i: IF ξ 1(t)is M i1 and ... and ξ p (t)is Mip THEN (1) where x(t) ∈ Rn is the state vector, u(t) ∈ ℝ q denotes the input vector, y(t) ∈ ℝ l stands for the system output vector. d(t) ∈ ℝ m is the exogenous disturbance input that belongs to L 2[0, ∞), ƒ(t) ∈ ℝ q represents the possible actuator fault. Ai, Aτi, Bi, Bdi, Ci, Cτi and Ddi are constant real matrices of appropriate dimensions. It is assumed that the pairs (Ai, Bi ) are controllable, and the pairs (Ai, Ci ) are observable, where i = 1, 2,... ,r. ξ 1(t), ... , ξp (t) are the premise variables, Mij (i = 1, 2, ... , r, j = 1, 2, ... , p) are fuzzy sets, ϕi (t) is a vectorvalued initial continuous function defined on the interval [-τ 2, 0]. In this paper, it is also assumed that the premise variables do not depend on the input variables u(t), τ(t) is the time-varying delay and satisfies (2) where τ 1 and τ 2 are lower and upper bounds of state delay τ(t), respectively.
Through the use of fuzzy blending, the fuzzy system (1) can be inferred as follows: (3) where
Fuzzy basis functions are given by represents the grade of membership of ξj (t) in Mij . It is easy to find that
Before proceeding further, we will introduce some lemmas to be needed in the development of main results throughout this paper.
Lemma 2.1: () For any positive semi-definite matrices the following integral inequality holds:
Lemma 2.2: () For any constant matrix X ∈ ℝ n×n , X = Xt > 0, scalar r > 0, and vector function such that the following integration is well defined, then
Remark 2.3: For T-S nonlinear system description (3), we can see that a general system is considered in this paper, including possible state time delay, actuator fault and exogenous disturbance input simultaneously. If there is no state delay, then (3) reduces to the existing one in . Moreover, the lower bound of delay is not restricted to 0 as , which is even more applicable to networked control systems and other practical systems.
3 Main results
3.1 Actuator fault estimation
In order to estimate system faults, the n-steps iterative learning fault estimation observer is constructed as follows: (4) where is the n-steps observer state, is the observer output, and is the nth step estimate of fault f(t), n = 1, 2,..., N is the number of fault estimation steps. Then, the objective of estimating actuator fault by observer (4) is to design the appropriate dimension gain matrices Ln (t) ∈ ℝn×l, Fn(t) ∈ ℝq×l in the presence of disturbance and state time delay, where
Let us define then the error dynamic systems is deduced from (3) and (4) as follows: (5) where
For simplicity, we introduce the following vectors: where h = τ 1 / n (n = 1, 2, ..., N is the length of each division, N is the number (a positive integer) of divisions of the interval [–τ 1, 0] and is also the number of fault estimation steps in (4). The delay interval [τ 1, τ 2] is divided into two subintervals with an unequal width as [τ 1, τ 1 + ρδ] and [τ 1 + ρδ, τ 2], where δ = τ 2 - τ 1, 0 < ρ < 1. Then, the state of error dynamics (5) can be rewritten as ėn (t) = Г1(t)ξ 1(t). Therefore, the H ∞ fault estimation observer design problem to be addressed in this paper can be formulated as follows:
The error dynamic system (5) with ωn (t) = 0 is asymptotically stable for any time-delay satisfying (2) when η = 1, 2, ..., N;
For a given scalar γn , the following H ∞ performance is satisfied: (6) for all L > 0 and ωn (t) ∈ L 2[0, ∞) under zero initial conditions.
Theorem 3.1: For the given scalars τ 1 , τ 2, η, γn and 0 < ρ < 1, the error dynamic system (5) is asymptotically stable with ωn (t) = 0 while satisfying a prescribed H ∞ performance (6), if there exist matrices ρ > 0, Qn > 0, such that the following inequalities hold (7) (8) and (9) where with (10) (11) Case 1: when τ 1 ≤ τ(t) ≤ τ1 + ρδ (12) Case 2: τ 1 + ρδ ≤ τ(t) ≤ τ2 (13) Then the observer gain matrices can be obtained as follows:
Proof: The following novel Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional candidate is constructed to prove system (5) is asymptotically stable with H ∞ performance. (14) where where the unknown matrices P > 0, S 1 > 0, S 2 > 0, S 3 > 0, R 1 > 0, R 2 > 0, Qn > 0 and Wn > 0(n = 1, 2,..., N) are to be determined.Then, the time derivatives of V(xt, t) along the trajectories of the argument systems (5) satisfy(15) Case 1. When τ 1 ≤ τ(t) ≤ τ 1 + ρδ, the following equations are true: (16) Using Lemma 2.1 and the Leibniz-Newton formula, we have (17) Similarly, we obtain (18) Substituting (16)-(18) into (15), a straightforward computation gives (19) When R 1 – Y 33 ≥ 0, R 2 – Z33 ≥ 0, and τ 1 ≤ τ(t) < τ 1 + ρδ, the last two terms in (19) are all less than 0. Then, for any scalar η > 0, it follows from the fact –PR -1 ρ ≤ –2ηρ + η 2 R and Schur complement theorem, we can see if the following inequalities hold (20) one has By noticing V(L) ≥ 0 and V(0) = 0 under zero initial conditions, we can conclude that (6) holds for all L > 0 and any nonzero ωn(t) ∈ L2[0, ∞). Hence, with the changes of variables as we have which imply that the error dynamics (5) satisfies the prescribed H∞ performance (6).In addition, by choosing the same Lyapunov function as (14) and following the similar line in the earlier deduction under conditions (7)-(9), we can easily obtain that the time derivative of V(xt, t) along the solution of error dynamics (5) with ωn(t) = 0 satisfies V̇ (t) < 0, which indicates the asymptotic stability of systems (5). Case 2. When τ 1 + ρδ ≤ τ(t) ≤ τ 2, the following equations are true: The proof can be completed in a similar formulation to Case 1 and is omitted here for simplification. This completes the proof of Theorem 3.1.In order to compare our results with the existing ones, based on the improved delay-decomposing approach of Theorem 3.1, we suggest to develop a delay-dependent stability condition for the nominal unforced fuzzy system of (3), which can be written as (21)
Corollary 3.2: For the given scalars τ 1 , τ 2 , d and 0 < ρ < 1, the system (21) with d (t) = 0 is asymptotically stable for any time-varying delay τ(t) satisfying (2), if there exist matrices P > 0, Qn > 0, Wn > 0(n = 1, 2 ,..., N), such that the following set of inequalities hold: and where and other elements of the matrix Θ i in Case 1 and 2 are defined in (10)-(13).
Remark 3.3: To constrain the effect of input disturbance from ḟ(t), different from the existing fault estimation observer design result in [14, 21, 26, 27], [30, 31], the information of fn–1 (t) is considered in the design scheme of fault estimation observer (4), in which ḟ(t) is converted to ḟ (t) – ḟn–1 (t). Since is the estimate of f(t), then - can increasingly weaken the effect intensity of input disturbance from ḟ(t) in the error dynamics. Therefore, when the delay partitioning procedure change from one to N, we can see that FE observer based on the N-steps time delay partitioning approach not only reduces the conservativeness of result, but also better depicts the size and shape of faults with the increase of steps number N. The simulation examples illustrate the effectiveness and merits of the design method.
Remark 3.4: Motivated by the delay partitioning approach in [32, 33], we divide the constant part of time-varying delay [0, τ 1] into N segments, that is, in which different energy functions correspond to different segments. Moreover, the interval [τ 1, τ 2] is divided into two unequal variable subintervals [τ 1, τ 1 + ρδ] and [τ 1 + ρδ, τ 2] (0 < ρ < 1, δ = τ 2 – τ 1) in which ρ is a tunable parameter. It is clear that both the information of delayed state can be taken into account, the Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional defined in Theorem 3.1 is more general than the one in [4-7], [34-37]. Therefore, the result of fault estimation of Theorem 3.1 and the stability criterion of Corollary 3.2 can further reduce the analysis and synthesis conservatism.
Remark 3.5: Based on such variable decomposition method, the improved FE observer (4) may increase the maximum allowable upper bounds on τ 2 for fixed lower bound τ 1 while giving fault estimation, if one can set a suitable dividing point with relation to ρ. For seeking an appropriate ρ, an algorithm is given as follows: Step 1: For given d, choose upper bound on S satisfying (7)-(9), select this upper bound as initial value δ 0 of δ. Step 2: Set appropriate step lengths, δstep and ρstep for δ and ρ, respectively. Set k as a counter and choose k = 1. Meanwhile, let δ = δ 0 + δstep and the initial value ρ0 of ρ equals ρstep . Step 3: Let ρ = kρstep, if (7)-(9) are feasible, go to Step 4; otherwise, go to Step 5. Step 4: Let δ 0 = δ, ρo = ρ, k = 1 and δ = δ 0 + δstep, go to Step 3. Step 5: Let k = k + 1, if kρstep < 1, then go to Step 3. otherwise, stop.
3.2 Fault tolerant controller design
On the basis of the obtained online fault estimation information, we design a fault tolerant controller considering interval time delay to guarantee stability in the presence of system faults. Since the state x(t) is unmeasurable, we use the fuzzy dynamical output feedback controller scheme  as follows: (22) where xc(t) is the state vector, are the designed controller matrices, and Denote then one can obtain the closed-loop systems (23) where
For simplicity, we introduce the following vectors:
Then, the closed-loop argument systems (23) can be rewritten as (24)
So far, the problem of robust dynamic output feedback control for the closed-loop fuzzy system is to design the gain matrices of (22) such that:
The closed-loop fuzzy system (23) with is asymptotically stable for any time-delay satisfying (2);
For a given scalar γn > 0, the following H∞ performance is satisfied: (25) for all L > 0 and ) under zero initial conditions.
In what follows, a useful lemma is needed, which is given here for completeness of the next theorem.
Lemma 3.6: For the positive scalars τ 1, τ 2 and γn, the closed-loop system (23) with is asymptotically stable, and the prescribed H∞ performance (25) is satisfied under zero initial condition for any nonzero if there exist appropriately dimensional matrices P > 0, Qn > 0, Wn > 0(n = 1, 2,..., N), S 1 > 0, S 2 > 0, R > 0, Ac (t, t), Aτc (t, t), Bc (t), Cc (t), Cτc (t), Dc such that (26) where
Proof: This proof refers to Theorem 3.1 and is omitted here for simplification. ⎕
Theorem 3.7: For the positive scalars τ 1, τ 2, γn and η, the closed-loop system (23) with is asymptotically stable, and the prescribed H∞ performance (25) is satisfied under zero initial condition for any nonzero if there exist appropriately dimensional matrices such that (27) (28) where with Then, the gain matrices of the dynamic output feedback fault tolerant controller are given by where M, N satisfy MNT = I - XY.
Proof: For any scalar η > 0, by the Schur complement theorem and the fact (ηR—ρ)R -1 (ηR—ρ) that— PR -1 P ≤ —2ηρ + η2 R, we can conclude that (26) holds if the following inequality hold: (29) Then, we partition the symmetric positive definite matrix P and its inverse matrix P –1 into components Since PP -1 = I, where NTX + WMT =0, YM +NZ = 0, we denote then it follows that PF 1 = F2 . Let then, pre and post multiplying (29) by (29) can be expressed as where with Then, Ξ2(t, t) < 0 can be rewritten as Therefore, by Lemma 3.6, the closed-loop fuzzy system (23) with time-varying state delay is asymptotically stable (with ) while satisfying a prescribed H∞ performance (25). This completes the proof. □
Remark 3.8: As in , from we can obtain Y > 0 and X — Y –1 < 0 which imply that I — XY is nonsingular. Therefore, we can always find nonsingular matrices M and N satisfying MNT = I — XY, and they can be calculated by the QR function of Matlab toolbox.
Remark 3.9: Note that (27)-(28) are LMIs. This indicates that it can be included as an optimization variable, which can be exploited to reduce the attenuation level bound. Then, the minimum attenuation level of H∞ performance can be obtained by solving a convex optimization problem P: min ϑ subject to (27)-(28) with ϑ = γ2. Different from the existing results, the main advantage of the proposed design method is the reduction of conservatism by presenting a delay-dependent result. Also, an interval time-varying delay has been considered in the design scheme.
4 Numerical example
In this section, three examples are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approaches.
Example 4.1: Consider the following time-delayed nonlinear system: which can be exactly expressed as a nominal T-S delayed system with the following rules [4-7], : The membership functions for above rules 1, 2 are where The purpose here is to find the allowable maximum time-delay value τ2 under which the fuzzy system is stable. Considering interval time-varying delay, the upper delay bounds τ2 derived from [ 4-7 ],  and the method proposed in this paper are tabulated in Table 1 under different values of τ1 . It is seen from Table 1 that the results obtained from Corollary 3.2 (d is unknown, set S 1 = 0) of this paper are significantly better than those obtained from the other methods.
Example 4.2: Consider a two rule T-S fuzzy system borrowed from [4, 7], [34-36]: where To compare with the existing results, the improvement of this paper is shown in Table 2. It can be concluded that the obtained results in this paper are less conservative than those of [4, 7], [34–36]. Moreover, if we assume timevarying delay τ(t) satisfies (2), the delay-dependent fault estimation conditions proposed in [21–25],  fail to give a feasible solution. However, by using LMI toolbox in matlab, a feasible solution of Theorem 3.1 can be obtained for τ(t) = 1 + 0.1 sint (τ 1 = 0.9, τ 2 = 1.1) and other cases. In order to further illustrate the effectiveness of proposed approach, the problem of FTC for T-S fuzzy systems with interval time delay is considered in the next example.
Example 4.3: We apply the above analysis technique to design robust fault estimation observer and dynamic output feedback fault-tolerant controller for a computer simulated truck-trailer system borrowed from . The time delay model with actuator fault ƒ (f) and disturbance d(t) is given by T-S fuzzy systems as follows where x(t) = [x 1(t) x 2(t) x 3(t)] T and where x1(t) is the angle difference between the truck and the trailer, x2 (t) is the angle of the trailer, x 3(t) is the vertical position of the rear end of the trailer, u(t) is the steering angle. The constant a is the retarded coefficient, which satisfies the conditions: a ∈ [0, 1]. The limits 1 and 0 correspond to no delay term and to a completed delay term, respectively. In this example, the model parameters is given as a = 0.7, l = 2.8, L = 5.5, υ = –1.0, t̄ = 2.0, t 0 = 0.5. Here, it is supposed that the disturbance distribution matrices are B d1 = B d2 = [0.01 0.01 0.01] T , Dd1 = Dd2 = 0.001 and the delay τ(t) satisfies (2), where τ(t) = 1 + 0.1sin(t) (thus τ 1 = 0.9, τ2 = 1.1, d = 0.1). Meanwhile, in order to facilitate simulation, we choose membership functions for Rules 1 and 2 are μ 1(ξ(t)) = 1/(1 + exp(x 1(t) + 0.5)), μ 2(ξ(t)) = 1 – μ 1(ξ(t)) with initial condition [0.57π 0.75π — 5] T, d = 10 * t0/π. It is also assumed that d(t) is band-limited white noise with power 0.1 and sampling time 0.01s. When using the inequality –PR -1 P ≤ —2ηρ + η2R to give main results, we can consider different η to find the minimum index γ. Then, setting η = 2, ρ = 0.7 and computing matrix inequalities (7)-(9) in Theorem 3.1 based on the mincx function of Matlab toolbox, one obtains the feasible solution in Table 3 . Fig. 1-2 illustrates the simulation result of the improved n-steps fault estimation with N = 1, 2, 3. Therein, the actual fault is depicted by dashed line, and the fault estimation is represented by the solid one. As shown in Fig. 1-2, it’s obvious that the robust fault estimation observer is insensitive to the exogenous disturbance and has a good performance to estimate the constant and time-varying fault f(t) when the positive integers N change from one to three. Meanwhile, it follows from Fig. 3 that the error states are also stable. 26] are depicted in Figs. 4 and 5. It is observed that, compared with CAFE, although there is initial estimation error, the n-steps estimation approach not only provides better rapidity of fault estimation but also achieves more accurate estimation of actuator fault by increasing steps N. Moreover, improved delay partitioning approach is employed to deal with interval time delay for increasing the maximum allowable delay bounds, while the approach in [21, 23, 27],  fail to give a feasible estimation. All of these make it meaningful for the approach to be implemented in practice. Theorem 3.7, we design a fault-tolerant controller (N = 1) with the minimum attenuation value γ = 0.1419 on the basis of the obtained fault-estimation as follows: Simulation results for the stability of the closed-loop systems and the systems output response are shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7-8. It can be seen that although the open-loop systems are unstable, the proposed design still achieves the performance under actuator faults, and the stability of closed-loop systems is guaranteed while satisfying the prescribed H∞ performance. As indicated by the simulation result graph, we can see that whether the interval time delay fuzzy systems are considered with constant fault or time-varying fault, the fuzzy n-steps fault estimation observer can almost realize accurate fault estimation, and the fuzzy dynamic output feedback control strategy can effective accommodate the effect of actuator faults on system performance.
In this paper, by using improved delay partitioning approach, a novel n-steps robust fault estimation observer has been constructed for a class of T-S fuzzy model with interval time-varying delay and external disturbances. Then, utilizing realtime information on estimated faults, a fuzzy dynamic output feedback fault-tolerant controller considering interval time delay is proposed to accommodate the effect of actuator faults while satisfying the prescribed H∞ performance. An advantage of the proposed approach is that with the increase of steps n, not only the approach can give a better performance of FE and FTC, but also the maximum allowable delay bounds of fuzzy systems is increased. Finally, some examples have clearly verified the effectiveness of the proposed method for FE and FTC. This paper focus on robust FTC for T-S fuzzy systems with actuator fault and does not consider sensor fault. The consideration of the system with actuator and sensor fault simultaneously will be studied in our future work.
The work described in this paper is financially supported by Project 863 of China (NO.2011AA060204), Project 973 of China (2009CB320601), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos.61374146, 61174130 and 61304055), State Key Laboratory of Synthetical Automation for Process Industries Fundamental Research Funds (No.2013ZCX02-04), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. N120404020), and the Research Program of Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Commission (No.13dz1201700).
Feng G., A survey on analysis and design of model-based fuzzy control systems, IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst., 2006, 14, 676-697
Klug M., Castelan E., Leite V., Silva L., Fuzzy dynamic output feedback control through nonlinear Takagi-Sugeno models, Fuzzy Sets Syst., 2015, 263, 92-111
Wang H., Zhou B., Lu R., Xue A., New stability and stabilization criteria for a class of fuzzy singular systems with time-varying delay, J. Franklin Inst., 2014, 351, 3766-3781
Tian E., Yue D., Zhang Y., Delay-dependent robust H ∞ control for T-S fuzzy system with interval time-varying delay, Fuzzy Sets Syst., 2009, 160, 1708-1719
An J., Wen G., Improved stability criteria for time-varying delayed T-S fuzzy systems via delay partitioning approach, Fuzzy Sets Syst., 2011, 185,83-94
Peng C., Fei M., An improved result on the stability of uncertain T-S fuzzy systems with interval time-varying delay, Fuzzy Sets Syst., 2013, 212, 97-109
Souza F.O., Campos V.C.S., Palhares R.M., On delay-dependent stability conditions for Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy systems, J. Frankl. Inst., 2014, 351,3707-3718
Lam H., Li H., Liu H., Stability analysis and control synthesis for fuzzy observer-based controller of nonlinear systems: a fuzzy-model-based control approach, IET Control Theory Appl., 2013, 7, 663-672
Golabi A., Beheshti M., Asemani M., Hα robust fuzzy dynamic observer-based controller for uncertain Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy systems, IET Control Theory Appl., 2012, 6, 1434-1444
Lin C., Wang Q., Lee T., Chen B., H ∞ filter design for nonlinear systems with time-delay through T-S fuzzy model approach, IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst., 2008, 16, 739-745
Jiang H., Yu J., Zhou C., Robust fuzzy control of nonlinear fuzzy impulsive systems with time-varying delay, IET Control Theory Appl., 2008, 2, 654-661
Johansson M., Rantzer A., Arzén K., Piecewise quadratic stability of fuzzy systems, IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst., 1999, 7, 713-722
Huang S., He X., Zhang N., New results on H ∞ filter design for nonlinear systems with time delay via T-S fuzzy models, IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst., 2011, 19, 193-199
Wen Y., Ren X., Observer-based fuzzy adaptive control for non-linear time-varying delay systems with unknown control direction, IET Control Theory Appl., 2010, 4, 2757-2769
Yang H., Li X., Liu Z., Hua C., Fault-Detection for Uncertain Fuzzy Systems Based on the Delta Operator Approach, Circuits Syst. Signal Process., 2014, 28, 733-759
Xu Y., Tong S., Li Y., Prescribed performance fuzzy adaptive fault-tolerant control of non-linear systems with actuator faults, IET Control Theory Appl., 2014, 8, 420-431
Marx B., Koenig D., Ragot J., Design of observers for Takagi-Sugeno descriptor systems with unknown inputs and application to fault diagnosis, IET Control Theory Appl., 2007, 1, 1487-1495
Gao Z., Shi X., Ding S.X., Fuzzy state-disturbance observer design for T-S fuzzy systems with application to sensor fault estimation, IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, Cybern. B, 2008, 38, 875-880
Bouarar T., Marx B., Maquin D., Ragot J., Fault-tolerant control design for uncertain Takagi-Sugeno systems by trajectory tracking: a descriptor approach, IET Control Theory Appl., 2013, 7, 1793-1805
Aouaouda S., Chadli M., Karimi H., Robust static output-feedback controller design against sensor failure for vehicle dynamics, IET Control Theory Appl., 2014, 8, 728-737
Jia Q., Chen W., Zhang Y., Li H., Fault reconstruction and fault-tolerant control via learning observers in Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy descriptor systems with time delays, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 2015, 62, 3885-3895
Fan Q., Yang G., Ye D., Adaptive tracking control for a class of markovian jump systems with time-varying delay and actuator faults, J. Franklin Inst., 2015, 352, 1979-2001
Huang S., Yang G., Fault tolerant controller design for T-S fuzzy systems with time-varying delay and actuator faults: a k-step fault-estimation approach, IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst., 2014, 22, 1526-1540
Wang S., Feng J., Zhang H., Robust fault tolerant control for a class of networked control systems with state delay and stochastic actuator failres, Int. J. Adapt. Control Signal Process., 2014, 28, 798-811
Benzaouia A., Hajjaji A.E., Hmamedc A., Oubaha R., Fault tolerant saturated control for T-S fuzzy discrete-time systems with delays, Nonlinear Anal. Hybrid Syst., 2015, 18, 60-71
Zhang K., Jiang B., Shi P., A new approach to observer-based fault-tolerant controller design for Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy systems with state delay, Circuits Syst. Signal Process., 2009, 28, 679-697
He S., Fault estimation for T-S fuzzy markovian jumping systems based on the adaptive observer, Int. J. Control Autom., 2014, 12, 977-985
Liu P., New results on stability analysis for time-varying delays systems with non-linear perturbations, ISA Trans., 2013, 52, 318- 25.
Han Q., Absolute stability of time-delay systems with sector-bounded nonlinearity, Automatica, 2005, 41, 2171-2176
Zhang K., Jiang B., Staroswiecki M., Dynamic output feedback fault tolerant controller design for Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy systems with actuator faults, IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst., 2010, 18, 194-201
Sun C., Wang F., He X., Robust Fault Estimation for Takagi-Sugeno Nonlinear Systems with Time-Varying State Delay, Circuits Syst Signal Process., 2015, 34, 641-661
Wu L., Su X., Shi P., Qiu J., A new approach to stability analysis and stabilization of discrete-time T-S fuzzy time-varying delay systems, IEEE Trans. Syst. Man, Cybern. B, 2011, 40, 273-286
Yang R., Zhang Z., Shi P., Exponential stability on stochastic neural networks with discrete interval and distributed delays, IEEE Trans. Neural Netw., 2010, 21, 169-175
Tian E., Peng C., Delay-dependent stability analysis and synthesis of uncertain T-S fuzzy systems with time-varying delay, Fuzzy Sets Syst., 2006, 157, 544-559
Lien C.H., Yu K., Chen W., Wan Z., Chung Y., Stability criteria for uncertain Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy systems with interval timevarying delay, IET Control Theory Appl., 2007, 1, 764-769
Peng C., Wen L., Yang J., On delay-dependent robust stability criteria for uncertain T-S fuzzy systems with interval time-varying delay, Int. J. Fuzzy Syst., 2011,13, 35-44
Xia X., Li R., An J., Robust nonfragile η∞ filtering for uncertain T-S fuzzy systems with interval delay: a new delay partitioning approach, Abstr. Appl. Anal., 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/523462.
Dong J., Yang G., Dynamic output feedback η∞ control synthesis for discrete-time T-S fuzzy systems via switching fuzzy controllers, Fuzzy Sets Syst., 2009, 160, 482-499
Chen B., Liu X., Tong S., Delay-dependent stability analysis and control synthesis of fuzzy dynamic systems with time delay, Fuzzy Sets Syst., 2006, 157, 2224-2240
About the article
Published Online: 2016-12-12
Published in Print: 2016-01-01
© 2016 Sun et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)