Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Archive of Mechanical Engineering

The Journal of Committee on Machine Building of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year


SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.178
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.453
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 0.314

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-1895
See all formats and pricing




Structural and Thermal Analysis of Automotive Disc Brake Rotor

Ali Belhocine
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, USTO Oran University, L.P 1505 El-Mnaouer, USTO 31000 Oran, Algeria
  • :
/ Mostefa Bouchetara
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, USTO Oran University, L.P 1505 El-Mnaouer, USTO 31000 Oran, Algeria
Published Online: 2014-05-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/meceng-2014-0005

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to analyze the thermomechanical behavior of the dry contact between the brake disc and pads during the braking phase. The simulation strategy is based on softawe ANSYS11. The modeling of transient temperature in the disc brake is actually used to identify the factor of geometric design of the disc to install the ventilation system in vehicles. The thermal-structural analysis is then used with coupling to determine the deformation established and the Von Mises stress in the disc, the contact pressure distribution in pads. The results are satisfactory compared to those of the specialized literature.

Streszczenie

Głównym celem pracy jest analiza zjawisk termomechanicznych w obszarze suchego styku pomiedzy tarcza hamulca a klockiem ciernym wystepujacych w fazie hamowania. Strategia symulacji jest oparta na oprogramowaniu ANSYS11. Wyniki modelowania stanów przejsciowych temperatury w tarczy hamulca wykorzystano do identyfikacji geometrycznych współczynników projektowych, uzytych do instalacji systemu wentylacji. Sprzezona analiza strukturalno-termiczna jest nastepnie uzyta do wyznaczenia deformacji tarczy, naprezenia Von Misses’a, oraz rozkładu cisnienia kontaktowego w klockach ciernych. Wyniki analizy wykazuja zadowalajaca zgodnosc z podobnymi podawanymi w literaturze.

Keywords : brake discs; pads; heat flux; heat-transfer coefficient; Von Mises stress; contact pressure

References

  • [1] Valvano T., Lee K.: An Analytical Method to Predict Thermal Distortion of a Brake Rotor. Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc 2000-01-0445, 2000.

  • [2] Choi Ji-Hoon and In Lee: “Finite element analysis of transient thermoelastic behaviors in disk brakes”, Wear, V 257, pp. 47-58 (2004).

  • [3] Talatia Faramarz and Jalalifar S.: Analysis of heat conduction in a disk brake system. J Heat Mass Transfer 45: 1047-1059 (2000). [Web of Science]

  • [4] Naji M., Al-Nimr M., Masoud S.: Transient 5thermal behavior of a cylindrical brake system. J Heat Mass Transf 36:45-49 (2000).

  • [5] Mosleh M., Blau P.J., Dumitrescu D.: Characteristics and morphology of wear particles from laboratory testing of disk brake materials. J Wear 256:1128-1134 (2004).

  • [6] Mutlu I., Alma M.H., Basturk M.A.: Preparation and characterization of brake linings from modified tannin-phenol formaldehyde resin and asbestos-free fillers. J Mat Sci 40(11): 3003-3005 (2005).

  • [7] Hecht R.L., Dinwiddie R.B., Wang H.: The effect of graphite flake morphology on the thermal diffusivity of gray cast irons used for automotive brake discs. J Mat Sci 34(19):4775-4781 (1999).

  • [8] Gudmand-Høyer L., Bach A., Nielsen G.T., Morgen P.: Tribological properties of automotive disc brakes with solid lubricants. J Wear 232(2):168-175 (1999).

  • [9] Uyyuru R.K., Surappa M.K., Brusethaug S.: Tribological behavior of Al-Si-SiCp composites/ automobile brake pad system under dry sliding conditions. J Tribol Int 40(2):365-373 (2007). [Crossref]

  • [10] Cho M.H., Cho K.H., Kim S.J., Kim D.H., Jang H.: The role of transfer layers on friction characteristics in the sliding interface between friction materials against gray iron brake disks. Trib Lett 20(2):101-108 (2005). [Crossref]

  • [11] Boz M., Kurt A.: The effect of Al2O3 on the friction performance of automotive brake friction materials. J Tribo Int 40(7):1161-1169 (2007).

  • [12] Blau P.J., McLaughlin J.C.: Effects of water films and sliding speed on the frictional behavior of truck disc brake material. Trib Int 36(10):709-715 (2003). [Crossref]

  • [13] McPhee A.D., Johnson D.A.: Experimental heat transfer and flow analysis of a vented brake rotor. Int J Thermal Sci 47(4):458-467 (2007).

  • [14] Wallis L., Leonardi E., Milton B., Joseph P.: Air flow and heat transfer in ventilated disk brake rotors with diamond and tear-drop pillars. Numer Heat Transf Part A 41:643-655 (2002). URL: \

  • [15] Johnson D.A., Sperandei B.A., Gilbert R.: Analysis of the flow through a vented automotive brake rotor. J Fluids Eng 125:979-986 (2003).

  • [16] Kang S.S., Cho S.K.: Thermal deformation and stress analysis of disk brakes by finite element method Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology 26 (7) (2012) 2133-2137 (2012).

  • [17] Thilak V.M.M., Krishnaraj R.: Transient thermal and structural analysis of the rotor disc of disc brake, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 2, Issue 8, August-2011, ISSN 2229-5518, (2011).

  • [18] Yildiz Y., Duzgun M.: Stress analysis of ventilated brake discs using the finite element method.International Journal of Automotive Technology, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 133-138 (2010).

  • [19] Moses Omolayo Petinrin and John Ogheneortega Oji: “Numerical Simulation of Thermoelastic Contact Problem of Disc Brake with Frictional Heat Generation„New York Science Journal 2012; 5(10), 39-43.

  • [20] Park S.P., Chai T.W., J.B. and Chung W.S.: “Thermo-mechanical finite element analysis of hot judder phenomenon of a ventilated disc brake system„Int. J.Precis.Eng.Manuf., Vol. 12, No.5, pp. 821-828, 2011. [Web of Science]

  • [21] Hassan M.Z., Brooks P.C., and Barton D.C.: Fully coupled thermal-mechanical analysis of automotive disc brake squeal. In Proceedings of the Automotive Research Conference, Huddersfield, UK, January 2008, paper 05AARC2008.

  • [22] Li L., Ouyang H., and Abu Baker A.R.: Transient analysis of car disc brake squeal with temperature effects.In Proceedings of the Automotive Research Conference, Huddersfield, UK, January 2008, paper 09AARC2008.

  • [23] Beeker A.A.: The Boundary Element Method in Engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York, (1992).

  • [24] Cruceanu C.: Frˆane pentru vehicule feroviare (Brakes for railway vehicles), Ed. MATRIXROM, Bucures¸ti, 2007, ISBN 978-973-755-200-6, 388 pag.

  • [25] Reimpel J.: Technologie de freinage. Vogel Verlag, W¨urzburg, 1998.

  • [26] Gotowicki, Pier Francesco; Nigrelli, Vinzenco; Mariotti, Gabriele Virzi: Numerical and experimental analysis of a pegs- wing ventilated disk brake rotor, with pads and cylinders, 10 th EAEC European Automotive Congress - Paper EAEC05YUAS04- P 5, June 2005.

  • [27] Ameer Fareed Basha Shaik, Ch. Lakshmi Srinivas: Structural and thermal analysis of disc brake with and without crossdrilled rotar of race car. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies, IJAERS/Vol. 1 (4) July-Sept., 2012 pp 39-

  • [28] Khalid M.K., Mansor M.R., Abdul Kudus S.I., Tahir M.M., and Hassan M.Z. Performance Investigation of the UTeM Eco- Car Disc Brake System International Journal of Engineering & Technology IJET-IJENS Vol. 11, No. 06, pp. 1-6.

  • [29] Limpert R.: Brake Design and Safety. 2nd Edition, Warrendale, Pennsylvania: Society of Automotive Engineering Inc., 1999, pp. 137-144.

  • [30] Zhang J., Xia C.: Research of the TransientTemperatureField and Friction Properties on Disc Brakes, Proceedings of the 2012 2nd International Conference on Computer and Information Application (ICCIA 2012) 201-204 (2012).

  • [31] ANSYS user’s manual, (ANSYS Inc. Canonsburg, USA).

  • [32] Sarip S.B.: “Lightweight friction brakes for a road vehicle with regenerative braking„Ph.D. Thesis, Engineering, Design and Technology, Bradford University, 2011.

  • [33] Nicolas Coudeyras: „Non-linear analysis of multiple instabilities to the rubbing interfaces: application to the squealing of brake”„PhD Thesis, Central school of Lyon-speciality: Mechanics, December 2009.


Received: 2013-10-15

Published Online: 2014-05-17

Published in Print: 2014-03-01


Citation Information: Archive of Mechanical Engineering. Volume 61, Issue 1, Pages 89–113, ISSN (Online) 2300-1895, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/meceng-2014-0005, May 2014

© by Ali Belhocine. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.