Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Archive of Mechanical Engineering

The Journal of Committee on Machine Building of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 0.44

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.162
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.459

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 62, Issue 3


Dynamics of the Monorail Train Subjected to the Braking on a Straight Guideway Bridge

Meysam Naeimi / Meisam Tatari / Amin Esmaeilzadeh
Published Online: 2015-11-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/meceng-2015-0021


A finite element (FE) model of the straight guideway bridge under monorail train has been built in this research in order to investigate dynamic interactions of the coupled system in the vertical and longitudinal direction. A limited length of the straddle monorail bridge including five continuous spans is modeled in three dimensions by using FE method. A 3D model of the monorail train system, built in the multibody analyzer MSC ADAMS, is assembled over the bridge. The entire model, consisting of the vehicle and bridge subsystems, is numerically analyzed by performing dynamic simulation in time domain. The braking forces between the train tires and guideway beams are activated in the analysis, in addition to the dead weights of the components and the train live loads. Dynamic forces in the tires are obtained for the case of the emergency braking in the system. The reaction forces, appeared in the bridge piers, are reported as the input forces for the purpose of the bridge design.


W pracy zastosowano metodę elementów skończonych do modelowania prostego odcinka prowadnicy mostu kolei jednoszynowej w celu badania oddziaływań dynamicznych, wzdłużnych i pionowych, występujących w systemie. Modelowano skok mostu kolei jednoszynowej, o ograniczonej długości, zawierający pięć odcinków ciągłych. Do badania systemu pociągu jednoszynowego zastosowano model 3D, realizowany w oprogramowaniu MCS ADAMS przeznaczonym do analizy systemu wielu ciał metodą elementów skończonych. Cały model, składający się z modelu pojazdu i podsystemów mostu, jest analizowany numerycznie drogą symulacji dynamicznej w dziedzinie czasu. W czasie analizy są aktywowane siły hamowania występujące pomiędzy oponami pociągu i belkami prowadnicy. Uwzględniono ciężar własny składników konstrukcji i ciężar użytkowy - pasażerów pociągu. Wyznaczono siły dynamiczne w oponach dla przypadku hamowania awaryjnego. Wyznaczono także siły reakcji w filarach mostu, które stanowią dane wejściowe dla celów projektowania mostu.

Keywords: monorail; dynamics; braking; straight track; bridge


  • [1] Lee, C.H., Kanbara, T., Nishimura, N., et al. Effect of train dynamics on seismic performance of steel monorail bridges under extreme ground motions. in Fourth International Conference on Current and Future Trends in Bridge Design, Construction and Maintenance. 2005. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Thomas Telford.Google Scholar

  • [2] Lee, C.H., Kim, C.W., Kawatani, M., et al., Dynamic response analysis of monorail bridges under moving trains and riding comfort of trains. Engineering Structures, 2005. 27(14): p. 1999-2013.Google Scholar

  • [3] Lee, C.H., Kawatani, M., Kim, C.W., et al., Dynamic response of a monorail steel bridge under a moving train. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 2006. 294(3): p. 562-579.Google Scholar

  • [4] Ivanchenko, I., Substructure method in high-speed monorail dynamic problems. Mechanics of solids, 2008. 43(6): p. 925-938.Google Scholar

  • [5] Kim, C.W. & Kawatani, M., Effect of train dynamics on seismic response of steel monorail bridges under moderate ground motion. Earthquake engineering & structural dynamics, 2006. 35(10): p. 1225-1245.Google Scholar

  • [6] Liu, Y., Ge, Y., & Yang, Y., The dynamic response analysis of the coupled system of the straddle type monorail train and the track beam. China Railway Science, 2010. 5: p. 004.Google Scholar

  • [7] Rybak, S.A., Makhortykh, S.A., & Kostarev, S.A., Theoretical and experimental study of vibration, generated by monorail trains. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2002. 112(5): p. 2247-2248.Google Scholar

  • [8] Shi, Z., Pu, Q., & Xia, Z. Research on dynamic testing of straddle-type monorail transit system in Chongqing city. in The Emerging Frontiers of Transportation and Development in China. 2009. ASCE.Google Scholar

  • [9] Shi, Z., Pu, Q.H., Gao, Y.F., & Xia, Z.G., Dynamic testing of straddle-type monorail vehicles system in Chongqing city. Journal of Vibration and Shock, 2008. 12: p. 025.Google Scholar

  • [10] Wang, X., Li, W.B., & Zhang, B.J., Finite element analysis and optimization of monorail structure of monorail vehicle for mountains. Guangdong Agricultural Sciences, 2012. 2: p. 049.Google Scholar

  • [11] Wen, X.X., He, Y.T., Du, Z.X., & Zhang, X.X., Crash Simulation of Straddle-Type Monorail Vehicle Body and Human Injury Research. Advanced Materials Research, 2012. 413: p. 486-490.Google Scholar

  • [12] Naeimi, M., Tatari, M., Esmaeilzadeh, A., & Mehrali, M., Dynamic interaction of the monorail- bridge system using a combined finite element multibody-based model. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part K: Journal of Multi-body Dynamics, 2015. 229(2): p. 132-151.Google Scholar

  • [13] Rolling stock design, report of manufacturer, dynamic clearances, load and force data exerted on guideway beams by FCF company, Italy and Qom Urban Railway Organization, Qom, Iran. 2011.Google Scholar

  • [14] Calculation leaflets, structural design of Qom monorail project by Hexa Consulting Engineers. 2011: Tehran, Iran.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2013-10-07

Accepted: 2015-07-21

Published Online: 2015-11-18

Published in Print: 2015-09-01

Citation Information: Archive of Mechanical Engineering, Volume 62, Issue 3, Pages 363–376, ISSN (Online) 2300-1895, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/meceng-2015-0021.

Export Citation

© by Meysam Naeimi. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Yuanjin Ji, Lihui Ren, and Huijie Wang
Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 2017, Volume 31, Number 11, Page 5245

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in