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Open Medicine

formerly Central European Journal of Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Darzynkiewicz, Zbigniew


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.221

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Volume 3, Issue 2

Issues

Volume 10 (2015)

Review of surfactin chemical properties and the potential biomedical applications

Gabriela Seydlová
  • Department of Genetics and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, 128 44, Praha 2, Czech Republic
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/ Jaroslava Svobodová
  • Department of Genetics and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, 128 44, Praha 2, Czech Republic
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Published Online: 2008-04-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11536-008-0002-5

Abstract

Surfactin, a highly powerful biosurfactant produced by various strains of the genus Bacillus, exhibits antibacterial, antiviral, antitumor and hemolytic action. This anionic cyclic lipopeptide is constituted by a heptapeptide interlinked with a β-hydroxy fatty acid. Due to its amhipathic nature surfactin incorporates into the phospholipid bilayer and induces permeabilization and perturbation of target cells. The rising antibiotic resistance as well as a number of remarkable surfactin activities shows that it deserves special interest and is considered as a candidate compound for combating several health related issues. In this review, the current state of knowledge of surfactin properties, biomedical potential and limitations for its application is presented.

Keywords: Antimicrobial resistance; Biosurfactants; Lipopeptide antibiotics; Membrane; Surfactin; Therapeutic agents

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About the article

Published Online: 2008-04-09

Published in Print: 2008-06-01


Citation Information: Open Medicine, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 123–133, ISSN (Online) 2391-5463, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11536-008-0002-5.

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