Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Medicine

formerly Central European Journal of Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Darzynkiewicz, Zbigniew

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.221

CiteScore 2018: 1.01

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.329
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.479

ICV 2017: 152.94

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 6, Issue 5


Volume 10 (2015)

Inmates’ physical activity as part of the health ecology

Vidmantas Vaiciulis
  • Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Mickevičiaus Str. 9, LT-50161, Kaunas, Lithuania
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Saulius Kavaliauskas
  • Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education, Sporto 6, LT-44221, Kaunas, Lithuania
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ricardas Radisauskas
  • Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Mickevičiaus Str. 9, LT-50161, Kaunas, Lithuania
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2011-08-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11536-011-0060-y


To evaluate the possibilities of physical activity in developing inmates’ healthy lifestyle and social skills. The research, which was conducted in 2009 in Pravieniskes First and Second Correction Houses, was local and cross-sectional using a written questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of four groups of questions/statements: I — demographic questions; II — questions/statements about inmates’ physical (sports) activities (was created for this study) and III — assessment of inmates’ social skills. And IV — assessment of inmates’ self esteem. Sufficiently physically active inmates (n=185) comprised 57.8 percent of the total number of respondents. Inmates’ physical activity statistically significantly (p<0.05) correlates with their younger age. Secondary education is prevailing in the group of physically active inmates, while primary — lower secondary education predominates in the group of physically inactive inmates (n=135). Only less than 6 percent of inmates have higher education. The average age of physically active inmates is statistically significantly lower than that of physically inactive inmates, 26 and 31.6 years respectively (p=0.01). The analysis of inmates’ contentment with their psychological state and satisfaction with health care services, food quality, and conditions for sports activities showed that physically active inmates are more critical about these factors than physically inactive inmates. Only the contentment with psychological state in physically active inmates is statistically significantly higher than in inactive inmates. Out of eleven social skills assessed in the study, only two skills (ability to initiate conversation with a stranger and sense of responsibility) are statistically significant (p<0.05). The probability that the convicts who have a strong sense of responsibility tend to be more physically active than the inmates who do not consider themselves responsible is 7.4 times higher. The study results showed that self-esteem in physically active inmates is statistically significantly higher that in physically inactive inmates (p=0.033). Low self-esteem was not determined in any inmates.

Keywords: Social skills; Self-esteem; Physical activity; Inmates

  • [1] Dermontas J. Nuteistųjų alternatyva laisvės atėmimo bausme reabilitacija. C.E.E.O.L. 2005; 222–229 Google Scholar

  • [2] Kuklianskas J. Nusikalstamumo kontrolės Lietuvoje mokslinė koncepcija. Vilnius: Lietuvos policijos akademijos leidykla 1995; 31, 27 Google Scholar

  • [3] Europos kalinimo įstaigų taisyklių aiškinamasis memorandumas, IV dalis: Fizinis lavinimas, mankšta, sportas ir poilsis 1987 Google Scholar

  • [4] Eitzen D.S. Ethical dilemmas in American sport. Vital speeches the day 1996; 62, 182–186 Google Scholar

  • [5] Siegenthaler K. L., Gonzalez G.L. Youth sports as serious leisure: A critique. Journal of sport social issues 1997; 21, 298–315 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/019372397021003006CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] Kavaliauskas S., Vaičiulis V. Kalinių požiūris į sveiką gyvenseną. Visuomenės sveikata 2008; 43, 64–69 Google Scholar

  • [7] National Correctional Recreation Association 2000. NCRA position statement on weight lifting programs in correctional settings [Online]. Available: www.strengthtech.com/correct/ncra/ncra.htm#position Google Scholar

  • [8] Amtmann A. Case study of a service learning partnership. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Montana. American College of Sports Medicine 2000 Google Scholar

  • [9] Arnold P. Sport and moral education. Journal of moral education 1994; 23, 75–90 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0305724940230106CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Šukys S. Skirtingas sporto šakas kultivuojančių paauglių socialinio elgesio bei savigarbos ypatumai. Sociologija: praeitis dabartis. Mokslinės konferencijos pranešimų medžiaga 2001; 617–622 Google Scholar

  • [11] Darren P., Lawson S., Teresa D.W. The relationship between prisonisation and social skills among prison inmates. The prison journal 1996; 3, 293–309 Google Scholar

  • [12] Bulotaitė L. Apie moksleivių savęs vertinimą 1995; 1–8 Google Scholar

  • [13] Valcikas G. Asmenybės savęs vertinimas 1991; 7, 38–44 Google Scholar

  • [14] Butkienė G., Kepalaitė A. Asmenybės vientisumo principas mokymosi procese 1993;1, 25–27 Google Scholar

  • [15] Endriulaitienė A., Ramanauskienė R., Valantinas A., Paauglių savęs vertinimo bei santykių su bendraamžiais ir tėvais sąveikos ypatumai. Pedagogika 2004; 71, 91–96 Google Scholar

  • [16] Hinsch R., Pfi Ngsten U. Gruppenttaining sozialer Kompetenzen 1998; 3 Google Scholar

  • [17] Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale [Online]. Available: http://www.yorku.ca/rokada/psyctest/rosenbrg.pdf Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2011-08-09

Published in Print: 2011-10-01

Citation Information: Open Medicine, Volume 6, Issue 5, Pages 679–684, ISSN (Online) 2391-5463, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11536-011-0060-y.

Export Citation

© 2011 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Nagore Martinez-Merino, Nerian Martín-González, Oidui Usabiaga-Arruabarrena, and Daniel Martos-Garcia
Health Care for Women International, 2017, Page 00
David Gallant, Emma Sherry, and Matthew Nicholson
Sport Management Review, 2015, Volume 18, Number 1, Page 45

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in