Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Medicine

formerly Central European Journal of Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Darzynkiewicz, Zbigniew


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.221

CiteScore 2018: 1.01

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.329
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.479

ICV 2017: 152.94

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2391-5463
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 7, Issue 2

Issues

Volume 10 (2015)

Association between weight status and recreational drug abuse in Korean adolescents

Seong-Ik Baek
  • Department of Physical Educations, Myongji University, San 38-2 Namdong, Cheoin-gu, Yongin, Gyeonggido, 449-728, Korea
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Wi-Young So
Published Online: 2012-02-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11536-011-0136-8

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between weight status and recreational drug use in Korean adolescents. A total of 72,399 adolescent students (38,152 boys and 34,247 girls) from the middle first to high third grade participated in the 5th Korea Youth Risk Behaviour Web-based Survey (KYRBWS-V) project in 2009. They were assessed for body mass index (BMI) and recreational drug abuse. The associations between BMI and recreational drug use were examined using multivariable logistic regression analysis after adjusting for the covariate variables of age, smoking frequency and cigarette consumption, frequency of alcohol consumption and severe alcohol intoxication, amount of alcohol consumed, parents’ education level, economic status, sedentary activities during the week, mental stress, sleep duration, frequency of vigorous and moderate physical activities, and muscular strength exercises during the week. For boys, the odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) between overweight and drug use were 0.990 (0.723–1.356; p = 0.950) for almost none, 0.939 (0.521–1.693; p = 0.834) for past use, and 0.791 (0.385–1.624; p = 0.523) for present use. The OR (95% CI) between obesity and drug use was 0.731(0.508–1.052; p = 0.091) for almost none, 0.755 (0.389–1.465; p = 0.407) for past use, and 0.701 (0.314–1.565; p = 0.386) for present use. For girls, the OR (95% CI) between overweight and drug use was 1.112 (0.702–1.763; p = 0.650) for almost none, 1.103 (0.464–2.619; p = 0.825) for past use, and 0.927 (0.267–3.218; p = 0.905) for present use. The OR (95% CI) between obesity and drug abuse was 0.594 (0.261–1.352; p = 0.215) for almost none, 1.318 (0.462–3.764; p = 606) for past use, and <0.001(<0.001–<0.001; p = 0.998) for present use. We concluded that recreational drug use had no correlation with overweight and obesity in Korean adolescents.

Keywords: Adolescent; Body mass index; Obesity; Recreational drug abuse

  • [1] World Health Organization. Facts and figures — Other psychoactive substances. 2011. http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/facts/psychoactives/en/index.html Google Scholar

  • [2] Centers for Disease Control. CDC Survey Finds that 1 in 5 U.S. High School Students Have Abused Prescription Drugs. 2010. http://www.cdc.gov/media/pressrel/2010/r100603.htm Google Scholar

  • [3] Waldron HB, Turner CW. Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for adolescent substance abuse. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology 2008; 37, 238–261 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374410701820133CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Boyce SH, Quigley MA. Uvulitis and partial upper airway obstruction following cannabis inhalation. Emerg. Med. (Fremantle) 2002; 14, 106–108 http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1442-2026.2002.00294.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] Taylor DR, Fergusson DM, Milne BJ, Horwood LJ, Moffitt TE, Sears MR, Poulton R. A longitudinal study of the effects of tobacco and cannabis exposure in young adults. Addiction 2002; 97, 1055–1061 http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2002.00169.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] Hall W, MacPhee D. Cannabis use and cancer. Addiction 2002; 97, 243–247 http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2002.00003.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7] Earleywine M. Cannabis-induced Koro in Americans. Addiction 2001; 96, 1663–1666 http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2001.9611166312.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] Crowley TJ, Macdonald MJ, Whitmore EA, Mikulich SK. Cannabis dependence, withdrawal, and reinforcing effects among adolescents with conduct symptoms and substance use disorders. Drug Alcohol Depend 1998; 50, 27–37 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0376-8716(98)00003-9CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9] Solowij N, Stephens RS, Roffman RA, Kadden T, Miller R, Christiansen M, McRee K, Vendetti B. Cognitive functioning of long-term heavy cannabis users seeking treatment. J Am Med Assoc 2002; 287, 1123–1131 http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.287.9.1123CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Mittleman MA, Lewis RA, Maclure M, Sherwood JB, Muller JE. Triggering myocardial infarction by marijuana. Circulation 2001; 193, 2805–2809 Google Scholar

  • [11] World Health Organization: Obesity and Overweight. Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health. 2011. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/ Google Scholar

  • [12] Hyman SE, Malenka RC, Nestler EJ. Neural mechanisms of addiction: the role of reward-related learning and memory. Annu Rev Neurosci 2006; 29:565–598 http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.neuro.29.051605.113009CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13] Del Parigi A, Chen K, Salbe AD, Reiman EM, Tataranni PA. Are we addicted to food? Obes Res 2003; 11:493–495 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2003.68CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14] Barry D, Clarke M, Petry NM. Obesity and its relationship to addictions: is overeating a form of addictive behavior? Am J Addict. 2009; 18(6), 439–451 http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10550490903205579CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [15] Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Statistics of 5th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey(KYRBWS) in 2009: 2010. 11. 02 Google Scholar

  • [16] Bae J, Joung H, Kim JY, Kwon KN, Kim YT, Park SW. Test-retest reliability of a questionnaire for the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. J Prev Med Public Health. 2010; 43(5): 403–10 http://dx.doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.5.403CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [17] Bae J, Joung H, Kim JY, Kwon KN, Kim Y, Park SW. Validity of self-reported height, weight, and body mass index of the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Webbased Survey questionnaire. J Prev Med Public Health 2010; 43(5): 396–402 http://dx.doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.5.396CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] WHO/ IASO/ IOTF. The Asia-Pacific perspective: redefining obesity and its treatment. Health Communications Australia: Melbourne. 2000 Google Scholar

  • [19] Eaton DK, Kann L, Kinchen S, Shanklin S, Ross J, Hawkins J, Harris WA, Lowry R, McManus T, Chyen D, Lim C, Whittle L, Brener ND, Wechsler H. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance-United State, 2009. Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Surveillance summaries 2010; 59:SS–5 Google Scholar

  • [20] ACSM. ACSM’s guidelines for exercise testing and prescription 8th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2009 Google Scholar

  • [21] Christie D, Viner R. Adolescent development. BMJ. 2005; 330(7486), 301–304 http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.330.7486.301CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22] Suter PM. Is alcohol consumption a risk factor for weight gain and obesity? Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci 2005; 42:197–227 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408360590913542CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] Pickering RP, Grant BF, Chou SP, Compton WM. Are overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity associated with psychopathology? Results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions. J Clin Psychiatry 2007; 68:998–1009 http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.v68n0704CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [24] Petry NM, Barry D, Pietrzak RH, Wagner JA. Overweight and obesity are associated with psychiatric disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Psychosom Med 2008; 70:288–297 http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181651651CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [25] Barry D, Petry NM. Associations between body mass index and substance use disorders differ by gender: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Addict Behav 2009; 34(1):51–60 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.08.008CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-02-03

Published in Print: 2012-04-01


Citation Information: Open Medicine, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 224–229, ISSN (Online) 2391-5463, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11536-011-0136-8.

Export Citation

© 2011 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Pablo Vera-Villarroel, José A Piqueras, Walter Kuhne, Pim Cuijpers, and Annemieke van Straten
Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 2014, Volume 9, Number 1, Page 1
[2]
Laurence J. Nolan
Current Obesity Reports, 2013, Volume 2, Number 2, Page 150

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in