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Open Medicine

formerly Central European Journal of Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Darzynkiewicz, Zbigniew

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Volume 9, Issue 5

Issues

Volume 10 (2015)

A case of myositis with immunological background associated with statin use

Dragana Protić
  • Department of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
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/ Snežana Baltić / Nada Stupar / Slavica Pavlov-Dolijanović / Snežana Mugoša / Zoran Todorović
  • Department of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
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Published Online: 2014-07-31 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11536-013-0313-z

Abstract

Statins might cause and/or aggravate the immune-mediated myositis in patients on long-term, stable treatment. We provide a case of polymyositis with an immunological background and gastrointestinal and urinary manifestations in patient on long-term, stable atorvastatin treatment for the past six years. The diagnose of polymyositis was established based on clinical symptoms and signs, electromyography and laboratory test results (elevated aspartate aminotransferase 279 U/L, reference range 0–40 U/L; alanine aminotransferase 198 U/L, 0–33 U/L; lactate dehydrogenase 2200 U/L, 103-227 U/L; creatine kinase 7820 U/L, 15–84 U/L; and positive antinuclear antibodies test, titer of 1:160, with suspect antisynthetase antibodies). Polymyositis was probably related to atorvastatin treatment (Naranjo score, 5). Other probable causes of the myositis were rejected. Coricosteroid therapy, methotrexate and supplementation with vitamin D did not improve the condition. The patient remained bedridden and died two months after the hospital discharge due to the acute myocardial infarction.

Keywords: Myositis; Atorvastatin; Vitamin D

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-07-31

Published in Print: 2014-10-01


Citation Information: Open Medicine, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 619–624, ISSN (Online) 2391-5463, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11536-013-0313-z.

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© 2014 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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