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Peer reviewed

Militärgeschichtliche Zeitschrift

Ed. by Mack, Hans-Hubertus / Epkenhans, Michael

2 Issues per year

CiteScore 2017: 0.04

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.146
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.428

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Volume 72, Issue 1


»Selbständiges verantwortliches Handeln«. Generalleutnant Hans Graf von Sponeck (1888–1944) und das Schicksal der Juden in der Ukraine, Juni–Dezember 1941

Erik Grimmer-Solem
Published Online: 2013-12-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/mgzs.2013.72.1.23


While the crimes of the Wehrmacht in the Russian campaign have been critically reappraised over the last 20 years, General Hans von Sponeck’s command over units of the 11th Army in the Ukraine in 1941 has been obscured by legends that serve his public commemoration as a military resistance hero and victim of the Nazi regime. The well-documented war crimes of the 11th Army and their units’ close cooperation with the SS in genocide in the summer and autumn of 1941 raise the question of Sponeck’s involvement in them. An analysis of the orders and a reconstruction of events within the area of Sponeck’s command reveal that Sponeck and his units participated actively in the struggle against »Jewish Bolshevism« and thus enabled the Nazi regime’s policy of »ethnic cleansing« in the Soviet Union. That this has until now been unknown and that von Sponeck continues to be commemorated as a resistance fighter raises renewed questions about the public‘s awareness of the role of the Wehrmacht in the Holocaust.

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Published Online: 2013-12-10

Published in Print: 2013-12-01

Citation Information: Militaergeschichtliche Zeitschrift, Volume 72, Issue 1, Pages 23–50, ISSN (Online) , ISSN (Print) 2196-6850, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/mgzs.2013.72.1.23.

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© 2013 Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH, Rosenheimer Str. 145, 81671 München.Get Permission

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