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Mineralogia

The Journal of Mineralogical Society of Poland

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1899-8526
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Bentonite from the Central Slovakia Volcanic Field – A Prospective Raw Material for Polish Industry

Katarzyna Górniak
  • Corresponding author
  • AGH - University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, Kraków, Poland
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  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Tadeusz Szydłak
  • AGH - University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, Kraków, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Adam Gaweł
  • AGH - University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, Kraków, Poland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Agnieszka Klimek
  • AGH - University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, Kraków, Poland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Anna Tomczyk
  • AGH - University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, Kraków, Poland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jerzy Motyka / Krzysztof Bahranowski
  • AGH - University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. A. Mickiewicza 30, Kraków, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-09-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mipo-2017-0009

Abstract

This paper summarizes information about recently worked bentonite deposits in Slovakia and presents the results of studies on bentonite from the Central Slovakia Volcanic Field (CSVF). The authors compared the mineralogy of commercial bentonites exploited in the Stara Kremnička (Jelšový potok), Kopernica, and Hliník nad Hronom deposits. X-ray diffraction (XRD), chemical analyses and microscopy showed that the main component is montmorillonite (37-88%), followed by opal C/CT (5-25%), clinoptilolite (up to 15%), feldspars (3-12%), quartz (up to 8%), biotite (2-5%), and kaolinite (up to 2%). The microscopic imaging provided information valuable for the technological assessment of bentonites, particularly the evaluation of mineralogy determined by XRD. The low variability of the mineral composition of commercial bentonites exploited in the western CSVF, together with the significant reserves and localization of deposits close to the Polish-Slovak state border prove that this raw material deserves more attention from Polish industry.

Keywords: commercial bentonite; Central Slovakia Volcanic Field; petrography; smectite; microscopic imaging

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About the article

Received: 2017-07-07

Accepted: 2017-08-26

Published Online: 2018-09-15

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Mineralogia, Volume 48, Issue 1-4, Pages 23–38, ISSN (Online) 1899-8526, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mipo-2017-0009.

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© 2018 Katarzyna Górniak, published by Sciendo. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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