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The Journal of Mineralogical Society of Poland

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Efficiency of Pb(II) and Mo(VI) Removal by Kaolinite Impregnated with Zero-Valent Iron Particles

Karolina Rybka
  • AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Mineralogy, Petrography and Geochemistry, al. Mickiewicza 30, Krakow, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Katarzyna Suwała
  • AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Mineralogy, Petrography and Geochemistry, al. Mickiewicza 30, Krakow, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Paulina Maziarz
  • Corresponding author
  • AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Mineralogy, Petrography and Geochemistry, al. Mickiewicza 30, Krakow, Poland
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/ Jakub Matusik
  • AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Mineralogy, Petrography and Geochemistry, al. Mickiewicza 30, Krakow, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2018-09-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mipo-2017-0013


In this work, kaolinite modified with zero-valent iron was synthesized and used as a sorbent for Pb(II) and Mo(VI) removal from aqueous solutions. The obtained material was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The methods revealed successful modification by the Fe0particles precipitation on the surface of well-ordered kaolinite. The sorption experiment results showed a significant increase of sorption capacity in relation to the raw kaolinite. The kaolinite with 25% content of Fe0was found to be the best material for Pb(II) and Mo(VI) removal, resulting in approximately 500 mmol·kg-1and 350 mmol·kg-1sorption, respectively. The possible mechanisms responsible for metals’ removal were identified as reduction by Fe0‘core’ and adsorption on the iron hydroxides ‘shell’. The study indicated that the obtained material is capable of efficient Pb(II) and Mo(VI) removal and may be an interesting alternative to other methods used for heavy metals’ removal.

Keywords: zero-valent iron particles; kaolinite; adsorption; Pb(II); Mo(VI)


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About the article

Received: 2017-04-13

Accepted: 2017-08-29

Published Online: 2018-09-15

Published in Print: 2016-12-01

Citation Information: Mineralogia, Volume 48, Issue 1-4, Pages 71–86, ISSN (Online) 1899-8526, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mipo-2017-0013.

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© 2018 Karolina Rybka, published by Sciendo. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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